Contents


Contents


1. Compiled by Graham Adds graham@vpme.demon.co.uk.


To the best of my knowledge the information is accurate. Any
inaccuracies or suggestions please do not hesitate to contact
me.

Reformatted for gjots from the original Psion file 20thcentury.s5
from http://3lib.ukonline.co.uk/pocketinfo/index.html

by 

Bob Hepple bhepple@freeshell.org Nov 2002

Contents


2. 1900


Contents


2.1 Jan

9.   Thousands hit by flu epidemic,  fifty people dying everyday in London.
*     The Boer war continues.

Contents


2.2 Feb

27.  The British Labour party was founded.

Contents


2.3 Apr

4.   Attempt on the Prince of Wales' life in Brussels.
14.  The Paris International Exhibition opens.

Contents


2.4 May

31.  Boxer uprising in China.

Contents


2.5 Jul

1.   The airship Zeppelin takes to the skies.
22.  Charlotte Cooper the first woman Olympic gold medalist, winning the tennis singles.
30.  Italian King shot dead at Monza Italy.

Contents


2.6 Sep

30.  Boer war ended.

Contents


2.7 Nov

9.   The biggest and most powerful batteship the"Mikasa" was launched in Barrow-in-Furness, built for Japanese navy.
22.  Sullivan the composer dies at 58
30.  Oscar Wilde the writer died in Paris aged 46.

Contents


2.8 Dec

14.  Max Plansk unveils the Quantum Theory.

Contents


2.9 Review

*

Contents


2.10 Cars

*     The Prince of Wales takes delivery of a Coventry built Daimler
*     The "La Jamais Contente" electric car held the speed record at 65.75 mph when it was beaten by a steam car at 75 mph.  Petrol cars fastest speed was 35.5 mph.

Contents


3. 1901


Contents


3.1 Jan

22.  Queen Victoria dies at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight aged 81, having reigned for 63 years.

Contents


3.2 Feb

14.  Edward VII opened his first parliament.
26.  Boxer leaders executed in Peking.

Contents


3.3 Mar

17.  Riots breakout in Russian cities.

Contents


3.4 Jun

24.  19 year old Pablo Picasso holds first exhibition in Paris.

Contents


3.5 Sep

7.   Boxer rebellion ends.
9.   Toulouse-Lautrec the French painter dies at 36.
14.  President Mckinley was assassinated, Roosevelt becomes President.

Contents


3.6 Oct

2.   Britain launches first submarine.

Contents


3.7 Nov

30.  The first hearing aid.

Contents


3.8 Dec

2.  The first replaceable razor was announced by Gillette.
10.  First Nobel Prizes.
11.  The first trans-Atlantic wireless tranmission was made from Cornwall to Newfoundland by Marconi.

Contents


3.9 Review

*    Russian Jews flea to Palastine due to the violence against them in Russia..

Contents


3.10 Cars

*     Daimler build the first Mercedes.
*     Tarmac was invented.
*     Dennis Brothers occupy the first purpose built car factory at Guildford, Surrey.
*     In the US, electric vehicle production exceeded all other.  Columbia was the main producer

Contents


4. 1902


Contents


4.1 Jan

30.  Britain signs treaty of alliance with Japan over interests in China and Korea.
31.  Number of smallpox victims in Britain rose to 2,273.

Contents


4.2 Mar

26.  Cecel Rhodes of Rhodesia died aged 48.

Contents


4.3 Apr

5.  Stand collapses at Ibrox Park football ground killing 20 supporters.
16.  State of emergency declared in Ireland.
22.  Fire sweeps through the Barbican in London destroying many factories and shops.

Contents


4.4 May

28.  Thomas Eddison announces new nickel-iron battery.
31.  Boer leaders finally surrender in Pretoria.

Contents


4.5 Jun

28.  America pays $40 million for Panama Canal concession.
29.  Renault wins first Paris-Vienna race.
*    The Boer war ends.

Contents


4.6 Jul

12.  Arthur Balfour becomes Prime Minister.

Contents


4.7 Aug

9.    Edward VII is crowned King.

Contents


4.8 Dec

10.  The Aswan Dam on the Nile in Egypt was completed.

Contents


4.9 Review

*

Contents


4.10 Cars

*     S. F. Edge won the "Gordon Bennett" race between Paris and Innsbruck in a Napier at an average speed of 31.8 mph.
*     Electromobile company made electric vehicles in the UK, many were used as taxis.

Contents


5. 1903


Contents


5.1 Jan

1.   Edward VII is proclaimed Emperor of India.
6.   Official inquiry into the traffic problems of London.

Contents


5.2 Feb

16.  It was announced how porcelain could replace gold as fillings in teeth.
26.  Dr Richard Gatling inventor of the Gatling-gun died aged 84.

Contents


5.3 Mar

3.   Robert Scott and Ernest Shackleton set new record for getting nearest to South Pole.

Contents


5.4 May

8.   Paul Gauguin the French painter died aged 54

Contents


5.5 Jun

11.  King Alexander and Queen Draga of Serbia were shot dead.
16.  Henry Ford forms the Ford Motor Company.

Contents


5.6 Jul

17.  James Whistler the American painter dies aged 69.
20.  Pope Leo XIII died aged 93.

Contents


5.7 Sep

8.   Turks massacre 50,000 Bulgarians in the town of Monastir.

Contents


5.8 Oct

10.  Emmeline Pankhurst forms new suffragette movement.

Contents


5.9 Nov

12.  Camille Pissarro the French painter dies aged 73.

Contents


5.10 Dec

10.  The Wright Brothers took to the air, staying up for nearly 1 minute and travelling 850 feet.
10.  Marie Curie wins Nobel Prize for her work in radio-activity.

Contents


5.11 Review

*

Contents


5.12 Cars

*     Britain's first motor show held at Crystal Palace.

Contents


6. 1904


Contents


6.1 Feb

3.   Tidal wave in the English Channel.
5.   America ends occupation of Cuba.
10.  Japan attacks Russian fleet.

Contents


6.2 May

6.   Britain fights Tibetans in the Karo Pass.

Contents


6.3 Jun

15.  A paddle steamer General Slocum caught fire in New York harbour killing 693 passengers, others unaccounted for.

Contents


6.4 Jul

21.  The Trans-Siberian railway was completed.
29.  France breaks links with the Vatican.

Contents


6.5 Aug

29.  Final day of the Olympics in St. Louis, America
30.  Fighting continues between Japan and Russia.

Contents


6.6 Sep

20.  Wright Brothers: America believes planes have no military value.

Contents


6.7 Oct

22.  Two fishing trawlers were sunk by Russian Fleet in the North Sea.

Contents


6.8 Dec

13.  The first electric tube train in London, from Baker Street to Uxbridge.

Contents


6.9 Review

*

Contents


6.10 Cars

*     The first registration plates were introduced in Britain.
*     Driving licences become law.
*     Speed limit raised from 12 mph to 20 mph.
*     C S Rolls and Henry Royce form the motor company Rolls Royce.

Contents


7. 1905


Contents


7.1 Jan

2.   Port Arthur in Korea was Finally taken by the Japanese.
22.  Czar of Russia's troops kill 500 strikers in St. Petersburg.

Contents


7.2 Mar

10.  Japanese gain victory in Manchuria after a 12 day battle 200,000 Russians die.
24.  Jules Verne the writer of science fiction died aged 77.

Contents


7.3 Apr

4.  Earthquake hits northern India, many thousands die.

Contents


7.4 May

28.  Admiral Togo of Japan wipes out Russian Baltic fleet in the Straits of Tsushima.

Contents


7.5 Jun

29.  The Automoblie Association was formed.

Contents


7.6 Jul

1.  A new theory was published by Albert Einstein, "The theory of relativity".
3.   The French separates the church from the state.

Contents


7.7 Aug

20.  Lord Curzon resigns as Viceroy of India.

Contents


7.8 Sep

5.  Peace between Russia and Japan,  after signing a peace treaty, the Treaty of Portsmouth.
7.  Fighting broke out between Armenians and Tartars over 1,000 people killed.
21.  Dr. Barnardo the man who started over 112 homes for orphans, died.

Contents


7.9 Oct

14.  First Sufragettes go to prison
30.  Aspirin goes on sale in Britain for the first time.

Contents


7.10 Nov

8.   Jews massacred in Russia.

Contents


7.11 Dec

5.  The Liberal leader Sir Henry Campbell Bannerman becomes Prime Minister.
30.  Revolt in Russia crushed by Czar.

Contents


7.12 Review

*     Internal unrest continues in Russia.

Contents


7.13 Cars

*     SMMT holds first Motor Show at Olympia in Febuary and the second in November.
*     Austin Motor Co. of Longbridge is registered.
*     Vauxhall moves from south London to Luton.

Contents


8. 1906


Contents


8.1 Feb

8.   Tahiti was hit by a typhoon, thousands die.
10.  HMS Dreadnought the biggest and fastest battleship was launched. It took 4 months to build.

Contents


8.2 Apr

7.   Mount Vesuvius in Italy erupts.
19.  Earthquake hits San Francisco killing over 800 people.
27.  Olympic Games opens in Athens.

Contents


8.3 Aug

6.   August bank holiday heatwave in Britain.

Contents


8.4 Oct

17.  First pictures were telegraphed by German professor Arthur Korn.
24.  Eleven suffragettes were jailed.
*    SOS becomes the international distress signal.

Contents


8.5 Nov

2.   Many London buses were banned for being to noisy.

Contents


8.6 Dec

15.  New London tube line opened between Finesbury Park and Hammersmith.

Contents


8.7 Review

American scientist Lee De Forest invented the triode valve which has revolutionised the wireless.

Contents


8.8 Cars


Contents


9. 1907


Contents


9.1 Jan

7.   England beats France at Rugby at Twickenham.
19.  Mohammad Ali is the new Shah of Persia.
22.  Earthquake hits Jamaica, hundreds die.

Contents


9.2 Mar

15.  Women become MPs in Finland.

Contents


9.3 Apr

15.  Manchuria is handed back to the Chinese.
25.  Plans for Channel Tunnel were thrown out by Government.

Contents


9.4 Jun

10.  Major breakthrough for colour Movies by Auguste and Louis Lumiere.

Contents


9.5 Jul

25.  Resentment in Korea over Japanese rule.
25.  Lord Baden Powell starts the Boy Scouts.

Contents


9.6 Aug

4.   French gunships shell Casablanca.
10.  Prince Borghese of Italy won the 8,000 mile Peking to Paris car race which took 62 days.
13  Fighting started in Belfast, killing 4 people.

Contents


9.7 Oct

11.  The Lusitania broke the Trans-Atlantic record at 4 days 19 hours 52 minutes.

Contents


9.8 Nov

13.  Kaiser on state visit to Britain.
13.  First helicopter flight by inventor Paul Cornu.

Contents


9.9 Dec

11.  Britain fears Japanese competition with ship building.

Contents


9.10 Review

The suffragettes fight continues.

Contents


9.11 Cars

*     Brooklands the world's first motor racing circuit opens at Weybridge, Surrey.
*     The Automobile Car Club changes the name to the Royal Automobile Club.
*     The Detroit Electric car went into production in the US.

Contents


10. 1908


Contents


10.1 Jan

13.  A Frenchman Henri Farman won £5,000 for flying more than one kilometre.

Contents


10.2 Feb

1.   King Carlos I the Portugese King and Prince Luiz were assassinated.
11.  Nikolai Rimski-Korsakov the Russian composer dies aged 64.

Contents


10.3 Mar

7.   The German battleship the Nassau rivals the British Dreadnought.

Contents


10.4 Apr

1.   The Liberal war secretary Mr Haldane forms the Territorial Army.
12.  Herbert Asquith becomes Prime Minister.
12.  Winston Churchill joins the cabinate.

Contents


10.5 May

14.  The Franco-British exhibition was opened at the White City, London.

Contents


10.6 Jun

9.   King Edward VII visits Russia.

Contents


10.7 Jul

*    London hosts the Olympic Games.

Contents


10.8 Aug

12.  Model T Ford was launched in Detroit.

Contents


10.9 Oct

6.   Wilbur Wright breaks new record for staying in the air with a passenger for more than one hour.
24.  Emmeline Pankhurst the suffragette was jailed.

Contents


10.10 Dec

10.  Ernest Rutherford wins Nobel prize for his work in radio-activity.
26.  American Jack Johnson was the first black man to win the boxing heavyweight title.
28.  Earthquake hits Sicily, 200,000 people die.

Contents


10.11 Review

Olymic games held in London.

Contents


10.12 Cars

*     Lord Montague opens Rolls Royce's new Derby plant.

Contents


11. 1909


Contents


11.1 Jan

1.   First old age pension for the over 70's.
9.   Edward Shackleton gets the nearest ever to the South Pole.

Contents


11.2 Feb

1.  "Prohibition" spreads throughout United States.

Contents


11.3 Mar

15.  Selfridge's the first department store comes to London.

Contents


11.4 Apr

6.   Robert Peary of the US conquered the North Pole.

Contents


11.5 Jul

25.  Louis Bleriot the french aviator flew a 43 minute flight across the English Channel.

Contents


11.6 Oct

26.  Prince Ito of Japan was assassinated by Korean nationalist.

Contents


11.7 Nov

14.  Plan for Navy base at Pearl Harbour in Hawaii.

Contents


11.8 Review

Germany builds up it's Navy.
Suffragettes go on hunger strike in prison.

Contents


11.9 Cars


Contents


12. 1910


Contents


12.1 Jan

10.  Major flooding in Paris.

Contents


12.2 Feb

23.  Dalai Lama flees to India.

Contents


12.3 Mar

10.  The first film to be made in Hollywood "In Old California" was released.

Contents


12.4 May

*    Edward VII dies.
20.  Halley's comet is viewed.
21.  The burial of Edward VII.
31.  The start of the Girl Guides.

Contents


12.5 Jun

1.   Captain Robert Scott sets out in the ship "Terra Nova" to reach the South Pole.

Contents


12.6 Jul

Florence Nightingale "The Lady of the Lamp" dies at the age of 91.

Contents


12.7 Aug

27.  The demonstration of talking pictures by the inventor Thomas Edison.

Contents


12.8 Sep

7.   Marie Curie discovers Radium.

Contents


12.9 Oct

4.   King Manuel of Portugal is deposed.
30.  Jean Henri Dunant the Swiss who founded the Red Cross dies.

Contents


12.10 Dec

20.  Dead-heat between Liberals and Tories in General Election.

Contents


12.11 Review

*

Contents


12.12 Cars


Contents


13. 1911


Contents


13.1 Mar

The Moroccan uprising.
31.  A maximum of a 60 hour week is proposed for shop workers.

Contents


13.2 Apr

The copyright bill goes through Parliament, giving authors and musicians 50 years on their work.

Contents


13.3 May

4.   Plans for National Insurance were unveiled.

Contents


13.4 Jun

23.  George V was crowned King.
*     Shipping strikes, the army is called in.

Contents


13.5 Jul

24.  Dr Hiram Bingham the US historian discovers the lost Inca capital of Machu Picchu near Cuzco in Peru.

Contents


13.6 Aug

22.  The Mona Lisa is stolen in Paris.
28.  Hundreds die in Britains heatwave with temperatures of up to 97 degrees.

Contents


13.7 Sep

9.   The worlds first airmail from Hendon to London.

Contents


13.8 Oct

30.  The 5 year old Emperor of China Pu Yi surrenders power.

Contents


13.9 Dec

14.  Amundsen the Norwegian explorer beats Captain Scott to South Pole.29.  Dr. Sun Yat-Sen becomes President of the Chinese Republic.
31.  Madame Curie wins second Nobel Prize for her work in radium.

Contents


13.10 Review

*

Contents


13.11 Cars

*     Rolls Royce's first Spirit of Ecstacy mascot was cast.  Designed by artist Charles Sykes, the model was Eleanor Thompson.
*     Motor buses in London start to replace horse drawn buses.

Contents


14. 1912


Contents


14.1 Jan

17.  Captain Scott reaches the South Pole only to find he was beaten by Amundsen.

Contents


14.2 Mar

1.   Suffragettes go on a rampage in the West End causing much damage.  Many were jailed.
30.  France takes over Morooco.

Contents


14.3 Apr

15.  The S.S.Titanic struck an iceberg and sank in the North Atlantic killing 1,500 of it's 2,340 passengers.

Contents


14.4 May

9.   Home Rule bill for Ireland was passed in Commons.
26.  Transport strike in Britain.

Contents


14.5 Jun

15.  National dock strike ends.

Contents


14.6 Jul

*     The Stockholm Olympic games.
12.  Irish Unionists oppose home rule.
22.  Britain puts it's navy on North Atlantic patrol in response to Germany's naval build up.

Contents


14.7 Aug

20.  General William Booth founder of the Salvation Army dies aged 83

Contents


14.8 Review

*     Plans to review divorce laws.
*     Fighting continues between the Turks and Bulgarians.

Contents


14.9 Cars

*     Triplex safety glass is established in UK.  Invented by Frenchman Reginald Delpech.

Contents


15. 1913


Contents


15.1 Jan

31.  Home Rule is rejected for Ireland.

Contents


15.2 Feb

10.  Captain Scott and his party were found dead.  They died while attempting to return from their expidition to the South Pole.

Contents


15.3 Mar

18.  George I of Greece was assassinated.

Contents


15.4 Apr

*    Gideon Sunback the Swedish engineer patents the zip fastener.

Contents


15.5 May

30.  Peace treaty is signed ending the Balkan war between Turkey and Bulgaria.

Contents


15.6 Jun

6.   Germany increases peacetime army.
14.  The suffragette Emily Davidson dies when she throws herself under the King's horse at the Derby.

Contents


15.7 Aug

*    Henry Brealy cast the world's first stainless steel in Sheffield.

Contents


15.8 Sep

23.  The Frenchman, Roland Garros flew 558 miles across the Mediteranean.

Contents


15.9 Oct

7.   Henry Ford opens new car assembly line in Michigan.
10.  The Panama Canal is opened by President Wilson.
14.  418 miners are lost in mine explosion at Sengenhydd in Aber Valley.

Contents


15.10 Review

Pilots are now trying new things in thier planes, carrying up to 9 people and doing loop the loop.

Contents


15.11 Cars

*     The first Morris Oxford left the factory.
*     Worries over the amount of deaths involving motor buses.
*     Britain's first roadside petrol pump was installed at Shrewsbury.

Contents


16. 1914


Contents


16.1 Jan

*     Fears of civil war in Ireland.

Contents


16.2 Feb

18.  The British hunter Captain Campbell Besley discovers three lost Inca cities near Cuzco in Peru.

Contents


16.3 Apr

21.  US intervenes in Mexican war.

Contents


16.4 May

*    Parliament passes the Irish Home Rule Bill.

Contents


16.5 Jun

28.  The heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Duchess of Hohenberg were assassinated.

Contents


16.6 Jul

3.   Peace treaty signed in Mexico.

Contents


16.7 Aug

4.   Britain declared war on Germany over Germany's invasion of Belgium.
31.  A bloody battle was fought at the Belgium town of Mons.
31.  The Russian Army was defeated on the eastern front at Tannenberg.

Contents


16.8 Sep

14.  Allied forces drive back Germans at the battle of the Marne saving Paris from capture.
23.  The war at sea has claimed 3 British cruisers sunk by by German submarines.

Contents


16.9 Oct

19.  Ghent, Ostend and Bruges fell to the Germans.
*     Aeroplanes are now starting to be used in war.

Contents


16.10 Nov

17.  Income tax doubled to pay for war.
*    Turkey enters war.

Contents


16.11 Dec

11.  Britains gains victory over Germany of the Falklands where 4 German cruisers were sunk.
*    A German Taube monoplane drops a bomb on Dover, the first ever air raid on Britain.

Contents


16.12 Review

The Suffragettes fight continues.

Contents


16.13 Cars

*     The Detroit Electric produced 4669 cars in this year.  A range of 211.3 miles was reached on a single charge although 80 miles was average.

Contents


17. 1915


Contents


17.1 Jan

7.   Floods in the Upper Thames Valley, Windsor is under water.
24.  British warships sunk Germany's most powerful warship, the "Blucher".
*     Zeppelin bombing raids start, first casualities are Great Yarmouth and King's Lynn.

Contents


17.2 Feb

2.   Germans threaten to sink neutral shipping in British waters.

Contents


17.3 Mar

1.   Britain starts a blockade of German ports.
*     Women in Britain go to work in the factories.

Contents


17.4 Apr

22.  Germans use mustard gas as a new weapon at Ypres.
24.  5,000 Armenians butchered by the Turks and a further 600 intellectual-professional Armenians deported and killed.  The start of genocide.
26.  British, French and Anzacs land at Gallipoli.

Contents


17.5 May

7.   German submarine sinks the "Lusitania" 1,400 passengers were drowned.
*     A troop train and  passenger train crashed near Gretna Green killing 225 passengers.

Contents


17.6 Jun

8.   Zeppelin bombed out of the sky by British plane over Belgium.
*    Zeppelins start bombing London.

Contents


17.7 Sep

26.  Allies breakthrough German lines.
*     Taxes are increased to pay for war.

Contents


17.8 Oct

23.  W.G.Grace the famous cricketer died aged 67.

Contents


17.9 Nov

11.  Winston Churchill resigned from government.

Contents


17.10 Dec

20.  Allies retreat from Gallipoli.

Contents


17.11 Review

*     Albert Einstein Proposes new theory of gravity.
*     Rupert Brooke the poet dies.

Contents


17.12 Cars


Contents


18. 1916


Contents


18.1 Jan

6.   House of Commons agree on national conscription.

Contents


18.2 Mar

9.   The carving up of the Otterman Empire begins

Contents


18.3 Apr

25.  "Easter Uprising" by Irish rebels in Dublin, 450 killed.

Contents


18.4 May

12.  Seven rebels involved in the Dublin Uprising were executed by firing squad at Kilmainham Jail.
21.  "Daylight saving time" starts in Britain.
31.  British and German navies clash at the battle of Jutland.

Contents


18.5 Jun

7.    Lord Kitchener died when his boat struck a mine off the Orkneys
21.  Arabs declare war on Turkey for Arab independence.

Contents


18.6 Jul

3.   The Somme campaign starts with huge casualties

Contents


18.7 Aug

*     Italy declares war on Germany.

Contents


18.8 Sep

15.  A new British fighting machine, the "Tank" enters the war.
29.  John D. Rockefeller becomes the worlds first $ billionaire.

Contents


18.9 Nov

21.  Emperor Franz Josef ruler of the Austro-Hungarian Empire dies.

Contents


18.10 Dec

7.    Lloyd George becomes Prime Minister.
30.  Gregory Rasputin is murdered in Russia.

Contents


18.11 Review

*

Contents


18.12 Cars


Contents


19. 1917


Contents


19.1 Jan

10.  Colonel "Buffalo Bill" Cody dies.

Contents


19.2 Mar

16.  Czar Nicholas II of Russia abdicates.  The Russian revolution grows.
20.  Red Cross hospital ship torpedoed by German submarine.
27.  British defeat the Turks at Gaza.

Contents


19.3 Apr

6.    US declares war on Germany.

Contents


19.4 May

14.  First bombing of London by German planes.

Contents


19.5 Jun

22.  King Constantine of Greece forced to abdicate.
*    The British Royal family renounced their German titles from Saxe, Coburg and Gotha to Windsor.

Contents


19.6 Aug

20.  More fighting at Flanders.

Contents


19.7 Sep

26.  Edgar Degas the painter dies aged 83.
30.  Czar Nicholas II and his family have been sent to Siberia to get away from the Bolsheviks.

Contents


19.8 Oct

31.  Italians were defeated by German troops at Caporetto.

Contents


19.9 Nov

9.   Plans for a new Jewish homeland in Palestine.

Contents


19.10 Dec

9.   British capture Jerusalem.
*     Bolsheviks seize power in St. Petersburg.
22.  Peace talks with new Bolshevik government.

Contents


19.11 Review

*     From 1915, 1.5 million Armenians were murdered by the Turks.

Contents


19.12 Cars


Contents


20. 1918


Contents


20.1 Feb

*     Women over 30 gain the right to vote.Men can vote at 21.

Contents


20.2 Mar

3.   Russia signs peace treaty with Germany.

Contents


20.3 Apr

1.   The Royal Air Force is formed, merging the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service.
21.  Manfred von Richthofen the "Red Baron" was shot down and killed at the battle of the Somme.

Contents


20.4 Jul

16.  Czar Nicholas II and his family were murdered by the Bolsheviks.

Contents


20.5 Aug

8.   German troops were forced to retreat when British, French, Australian, American and Canadian troops joining forces at Amiens.
*     Police go on strike in London.

Contents


20.6 Sep

30.  Allies break through German lines.

Contents


20.7 Oct

*     Flu kills 25 million people around the world.

Contents


20.8 Nov

10.  Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates.
11.  Germany signs Armistice.  Peace after four and quarter years of war.
21.  German fleet surrenders.

Contents


20.9 Dec

28.  Women in Britain vote for the first time.

Contents


20.10 Review

*     More than 10 million died in the "Great War".
*     Major T. E. Lawrence, "Lawrence of Arabia" led the Arabs to push the Turks out of the Middle East.

Contents


20.11 Cars


Contents


21. 1919


Contents


21.1 Jan

3.   Professor Ernest Rutherford of Manchester University splits the atom.

Contents


21.2 Feb

9.   First passenger air service started between London and Paris.

Contents


21.3 Mar

23.  Mussolini starts the Facist party in Italy.
*     Famine spreads through Germany.

Contents


21.4 Apr

13.  British troops open fire on demonstration in Amritsar in India killing many women and children.

Contents


21.5 Jun

15.  Alcock and Brown fly the Atlantic non-stop.
28.  The Treaty of Versailles was signed, setting the terms of peace and reparations to be paid by Germany.

Contents


21.6 Jul

13.  The first two way crossing of the Atlantic by a British airship.

Contents


21.7 Sep

11.  Sinn Fein declared illegal by Britain.

Contents


21.8 Nov

19.  US Senate establishes the League of Nations.
28.  Viscountess Nancy Astor becomes Britain's first woman MP.

Contents


21.9 Review

*

Contents


21.10 Cars

*     Bentley Motors of Cricklewood, London is registered.

Contents


22. 1920


Contents


22.1 Jan

16.  Prohibition went into force across the US banning the manufacture and sale of alchohol.
*    The League of Nations is formed.

Contents


22.2 Feb

11.  Plans for an International Court of Justice were made by the League of Nations.
22.  The Red Army gains strength in Russia.
24.  A programme was published in Germany for createing a Third Reich, it's spokesman was Adolf Hitler.

Contents


22.3 Mar

26.  The "Black and Tans" go to Ireland as the troubles increase.

Contents


22.4 Apr

*     Military conscription is abolished.

Contents


22.5 Aug

10.  Turkey loses 80% of Otterman Empire.
23.  Polish army fights to save Warsaw from the Bolsheviks.
*     Olympic Games are held in Antwerp, Belgium.

Contents


22.6 Oct

18.  National miners strike in Britain.
27.  Hunger striker Tomas MacSwiney dies in Ireland, which leads to to more violence.

Contents


22.7 Nov

16.  The Russian civil war is over, the Bolshevics win.
21.  Bloody Sunday in Ireland, 14 British soldiers killed in their beds.

Contents


22.8 Dec

5.   Scotland votes against prohibition.
11.  Martial law declared in Ireland.

Contents


22.9 Review

*     The map of Europe is redrawn as treaties are signed and Empires fall (German, Turkish, Austian and Russian).

Contents


22.10 Cars

*     The first petrol station opens in Britain at Aldermaston.

Contents


23. 1921


Contents


23.1 Jan

22.  British tanks roll into Dublin.

Contents


23.2 Feb

5.   Germany's reparation bill for the war was set at £10 billion.
16.  Unemployment in Britain goes over 1 million.
18.  Etienne Oehmichen a French engineer has acheived real flight in a helicopter.

Contents


23.3 Mar

8.   Allies occupy Germany to collect reparations for the war.
17.  Dr. Marie Stopes opens first birth control clinic in London.

Contents


23.4 May

11.  Germany agrees on war reparations.

Contents


23.5 Jun

30.  The Communist Party is formed in China.

Contents


23.6 Jul

22.  Truce is declared in Ireland.
26.  Spanish are defeated in Morocco.

Contents


23.7 Aug

3.   Enrico Caruso the Italian singer dies aged 48.
4.   Bolsheviks appeal to world for help as famine hits Russia.

Contents


23.8 Nov

5.   Crown Prince Hirohito becomes Regent of Japan.
*     Mussolini declares himself leader of the Italian Fascist Party.

Contents


23.9 Dec

7.   An agreement was signed giving Ireland Independence, the start of the Irish Free State.  Six counties in the north will remain British.

Contents


23.10 Review

*     Insulin was discvered.

Contents


23.11 Cars


Contents


24. 1922


Contents


24.1 Jan

5.   Sir Ernest Shackleton the explorer dies.
21.  Ireland accepts the Irish Free State treaty.
22.  Pope Benedict XV dies.

Contents


24.2 Feb

28.  Britain proclaimed Egypt an independent state, maintaining control over Suez.

Contents


24.3 Mar

18.  Mahatma Gandhi is sentenced to 6 years imprisonment.
22.  "B Specials" targeted by IRA in Belfast.

Contents


24.4 Jun

22.  Field Marshal Henry Wilson was shot dead by IRA gunmen in London.

Contents


24.5 Aug

22.  Michael Collins the leader of the Irish Free State was shot dead.

Contents


24.6 Sep

4.   William Lyons forms the Swallow Sidecar Company.

Contents


24.7 Oct

25.  George Cadbury the chocolate manufacturer died aged 83.
30.  Benito Mussolini becomes Dictator of Italy.
*     The British Broadcasting Company is formed.
*     David Lloyd George resigns as Prime Minister.  Andrew Bonar Law takes over.

Contents


24.8 Nov

29.  The tomb of Tutankhamun is discovered by Howard Carter.

Contents


24.9 Review

*

Contents


24.10 Cars


Contents


25. 1923


Contents


25.1 Jan

27.  First Nazi Party rally in Munich.

Contents


25.2 Feb

13.  10,000 Turks with Greek origin await deportation to Greece by the Turks.  One million have already been deported.

Contents


25.3 Mar

9.   Vladimir Lenin the Soviet leader quits.
29.  Sarah Bernhardt, the actress, died aged 78.
31.  Germans clash with French troops occupying the Ruhr in Germany.

Contents


25.4 Apr

26.  The Duke of York and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon were married.

Contents


25.5 May

21.  Stanley Baldwin becomes British Prime Minister.
*     The first Le Mans 24 hour race.

Contents


25.6 Jun

*     Ku Klux Klan gains strength in the US.

Contents


25.7 Sep

13.  The army seized control of Spain with the approval of the King.
16.  140,000 people die in Japans biggest earthquake.  Tokyo and Yokohama were completely destroyed and 2.5 million were made homeless.

Contents


25.8 Oct

29.  Turkey is proclaimed a republic.

Contents


25.9 Nov

12.  Adolf Hitler arrested after an attempted coup.
*     Inflation continues in Germany and the Mark is valueless.

Contents


25.10 Dec

28.  Guatave Eiffal, the French engineer, died aged 91.

Contents


25.11 Review

*

Contents


25.12 Cars


Contents


26. 1924


Contents


26.1 Jan

21.  Vladimir Stalin, leader of Soviet Russia died aged 54.
*     Ramsay MacDonald becomes Britains first Labour Prime Minister.

Contents


26.2 Mar

31.  A merger of 4 small airline companies creates Imperial Airways Britain's first national airline.

Contents


26.3 Apr

6.   Plague spreads through India killing 25,000 people.

Contents


26.4 Jun

2.   The first wireless conversation from England to Australia.

Contents


26.5 Jul

*     The Paris hosts Olympics games.

Contents


26.6 Oct

*     The Labour Party ban Communists.

Contents


26.7 Nov

6.   Winston Churchill becomes Chancellor of the Exchequer.
*     The Labour Party falls and the Conservatives return to power under Stanley Baldwin.

Contents


26.8 Dec

20.  Hitler is out of prison on parole.

Contents


26.9 Review

*

Contents


26.10 Cars


Contents


27. 1925


Contents


27.1 Jan

16.  Leon Trotsky oested from the Soviet communist party.

Contents


27.2 Feb

14.  Ban on the German Nazi party is lifted.

Contents


27.3 Mar

19.  Plans for a British Navy base in Singapore.

Contents


27.4 Apr

*     Incentives for British people to emmigrate to Australia.

Contents


27.5 May

1.   Cyprus becomes a British colony.

Contents


27.6 Jun

29.  Colour bar becomes legal in South Africa.
*     More civil unrest in China.

Contents


27.7 Jul

18.  Hitler published the book "Mein Kamf" which he wrote while in prison.

Contents


27.8 Sep

29.  White lines to be painted on roads all over Britain.

Contents


27.9 Nov

20.  Queen Alexandra wife of King Edward VII, dies.

Contents


27.10 Review

*

Contents


27.11 Cars

*     General Motors gains controlling share of Vauxhall.

Contents


28. 1926


Contents


28.1 Jan

30.  British troops pull out of the Rhineland.
*     Moving pictures by wireless were demonstrated by John Logie Baird.

Contents


28.2 Mar

*     First liquid fuel rocket was demonstrated by Robert H Goddard.

Contents


28.3 Apr

24.  Riots between Hindus and Muslems hit the streets of Calcutta.
*    The Duchess of York gives birth to Princess Elizabeth.

Contents


28.4 May

4.    First General Strike in British history in support of the miners.
*     An Airship and plane fly over the North Pole.

Contents


28.5 Aug

9.   Plans were made to convert Southern Railway to electric.

Contents


28.6 Sep

8.   Chiang Kai-shek gaining ground in the Chinese civil war.

Contents


28.7 Oct

1.   Alan Cobham completed his trip around the world in a sea plane in 58 days.

Contents


28.8 Nov

20.  The British Commonwealth was formed.

Contents


28.9 Dec

6.   Monet, the French artist, dies.

Contents


28.10 Review

*

Contents


28.11 Cars


Contents


29. 1927


Contents


29.1 Jan

31.  British army division was sent to Shanghai to protect the British nationals.
*     It becomes possible to telephone from London to New York at a cost of £15 for 3 minutes.

Contents


29.2 Feb

4.   Malcolm Campbell broke the world land sea record in his car "Bluebird" at 174.22 mph.

Contents


29.3 Mar

21.  Chiang Kai-shek takes over Shanghai.
29.  Major Henry Segrave beats Campbell's land speed record at 203.84 mph.

Contents


29.4 May

21.  Captain Charles Lindbergh flies the Atlantic solo.  He flew from New York to Paris non-stop in 33½ hours.

Contents


29.5 Jul

15.  Riots break out in Vienna.

Contents


29.6 Oct

6.   The first live dialogue was heard in the film "The Jazz Singer" starring Al Jolson.

Contents


29.7 Nov

15.  Leon Trotsky expelled from the communist party by Stalin.

Contents


29.8 Review

*

Contents


29.9 Cars


Contents


30. 1928


Contents


30.1 Jan

6.   14 people died and much damage was caused when the river Thames burst it's banks.
16.  Thomas Hardy the poet died aged 87.
*     Thousands of people starving in China, caused by civil war.

Contents


30.2 Feb

15.  Herbert Asquith the Prime Minister died aged 75.

Contents


30.3 Mar

29.  The Equal Franchise Bill was passed in the House of Commons giving women over 21 the vote.

Contents


30.4 May

1.   Flying Scotsman train service between London and Edinburgh starts.  Speeds of up to 70 mph were acheived.
15.  Flying doctor service starts in Australia.

Contents


30.5 Jun

18.  Miss Emelia Earhart was the first woman to fly the Atlantic.
20.  Roald Amundsen the explorer dies in a plane crash.
*     Emmeline Pankhurst the suffragette dies.

Contents


30.6 Aug

27.  A treaty for the Renunciation of War was signed by 15 countries.
*     The Olympic games take place in Amsterdam.

Contents


30.7 Sep

19.  Mickey Mouse made his first appearance in the film "Steamboat Willie".
*     Alexander Fleming discovers Penicillin.

Contents


30.8 Nov

10.  Hirohito is crowned Emperor of Japan.
*     Trotskyites exiled in the Soviet Union.

Contents


30.9 Review

*

Contents


30.10 Cars

*     The automatic gearbox was invented.

Contents


31. 1929


Contents


31.1 Jan

6.   A dictatorship was established in Yugoslavia by King Alexander.
13.  Wyatt Earp dies.

Contents


31.2 Feb

11.  The Vatican State came into being.
12.  Lillie Langtry "The Jersey Lily" died aged 74.
14.  7 men were killed in the Valentine's Day massacre by Al Capone.

Contents


31.3 Mar

11.  Major Henry Segrave sets a new land speed record of 231 mph at Daytona beach.

Contents


31.4 Apr

26.  Squadron Leader A. G. Jones completed a non-stop flight in his monoplane from UK to India.

Contents


31.5 May

16.  The Academy Awards for motion pictures is started.

Contents


31.6 Jun

16.  Bentleys take the first four places at the Le Mans 24 hour race.
27.  Colour television was demonstrated by Bell Laboratories.

Contents


31.7 Aug

29.  The airship Graf Zeppelin completed it's 21 day trip around the world.

Contents


31.8 Sep

5.   A United States of Europe was proposed by by the French Premier Aristide Briand.
7.   Britain won the Schneider Trophy in a Supermarine Rolls Royce S6 flying at speeds of over 300 mph.

Contents


31.9 Oct

13.  The R101, the worlds largest airship made her maiden voyage.
24.  Wall Street crashes, Black Thursday.

Contents


31.10 Review

*

Contents


31.11 Cars

*     Traffic lights to be standard in UK.

Contents


32. 1930


Contents


32.1 Jan

29.  Turmoil in Spain as General Primo De Rivera the dictator resigns.

Contents


32.2 Apr

24.  Amy Johnson the first woman to fly solo from London to Darwin.

Contents


32.3 Jun

30.  The last French troops pull out of the Rhineland.

Contents


32.4 Jul

30.  Uruguay win the first World Cup Football in Montevideo.
*     Riots in Egypt, Britain gets involved.

Contents


32.5 Aug

14.  The Church of England gave the O.K. to birth control.
*    The Duchess of york gives birth to a second daughter, Princess Margaret.

Contents


32.6 Sep

15.  Nazi party come second in elections.

Contents


32.7 Oct

5.   The R101 airship exploded in mid-air over France killing 44 people.
*     Nazi supporters start attacking Jews.

Contents


32.8 Nov

*    Ras Tafari is crowned King, Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia.

Contents


32.9 Dec

16.  A coup by the Spanish Republicans failed.

Contents


32.10 Review

*     Nylon was discovered by Du Pont.

Contents


32.11 Cars


Contents


33. 1931


Contents


33.1 Jan

26.  Winston Churchill resigned from the cabinet.
23.  Anna Pavlova the ballet dancer died aged 49.

Contents


33.2 Feb

5.   Malcolm Campbell breaks the land speed record at Daytona with a speed of 245 mph.
28.  Sir Oswald Mosely forms "The New Party".

Contents


33.3 Apr

14.  King Alfonso of Spain was forced to abdicate and Spain becomes a Republic.

Contents


33.4 May

1.   The Empire State Building the worlds tallest building was opened.

Contents


33.5 Jul

*    Trolley buses were introduced in London.

Contents


33.6 Aug

24.  A coalition government is formed as Britains economy slumps.

Contents


33.7 Sep

*     Mahatma Gandhi demands independance for India.

Contents


33.8 Oct

18.  Thomas Edison the inventor died aged 84.
28.  A temporary truce is called in the Manchurian war.

Contents


33.9 Dec

10.  Senor Niceto Alacara Zamora becomes Spain's republican President.

Contents


33.10 Review

*

Contents


33.11 Cars

*     Rolls Royce buys Bentley Motors for £125,175.

Contents


34. 1932


Contents


34.1 Jan

31.  Japanese capture Shanghai.

Contents


34.2 Feb

10.  Edgar Wallace the author dies aged 56.
19.  Japanese set up puppet state of Manchuria.

Contents


34.3 Mar

*     Eamon De Valera becomes President of the Irish Free State.

Contents


34.4 Apr

10.  Paul von Hindenburg beats Adolf Hitler to the Presidency.

Contents


34.5 May

10.  President Paul Doumer of France was assassinated.

Contents


34.6 Jun

29.  Monarchy ends in Siam (Thailand) after a coup by the Siamese army.

Contents


34.7 Aug

*     Opening of the Olympic Games in Los Angeles.

Contents


34.8 Oct

3.   Iraq becomes independent.
*    Rioting broke out across Britain with the jobless

Contents


34.9 Nov

8.   Franklin D Roosevelt becomes the 32nd President of the United States.

Contents


34.10 Review

*

Contents


34.11 Cars


Contents


35. 1933


Contents


35.1 Jan

*    Martial law is imposed in Spain as uprisings break out between the Communists and the Anarcho-Syndicalists.
30.  Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of the German Reich.

Contents


35.2 Feb

15.  Attempted assassination on President D. Roosevelt.
25.  Japan leaves the League of Nations over being condemned for causing the war in Manchuria.
28.  The German Reichstag goes up in flames.

Contents


35.3 Mar

22.  Sir Malcolm Campbell breaks the land speed record at Daytona Beach at 272 mph. 
23.  Hitler rules by decree in Germany.
*     Franklin D Roosevelt is inaugerated as President of the US.

Contents


35.4 Jun

23.  Adolf Hitler bans opposition parties to become a one party state.

Contents


35.5 Jul

*    Germany starts the sterilisation program, sterilising people who have any disability.

Contents


35.6 Aug

*    Nazis start rounding up Jews and putting them in concerntration camps.  The largest camp being Dachau.

Contents


35.7 Sep

*    Forest fires breakout in Britain due to heatwave, with temperatures up to 90 degrees.

Contents


35.8 Oct

14.  Hitler leaves the League of Nations.
27.  Rioting broke out in Jaffa over the immigration of Jews to Palastine.

Contents


35.9 Dec

5.   "Prohibition" ends in the US after 14 years.
9.   A Communist uprising starts in Spain, many people are killed.  Churches are set on fire in Granada.

Contents


35.10 Review

*     Anti Semitism becomes widespread throughout Germany.  Jews are beaten up in the streets by Nazi thugs and their business's vandalised.

Contents


35.11 Cars


Contents


36. 1934


Contents


36.1 Feb

24.  Sir Edward Elgar the composer died.

Contents


36.2 Mar

1.   Pu Yi the once boy Emperor of China is appointed Emperor of Manchuria by the Japanese.
28.  A Road Traffic Bill was passed to bring in a test for all new drivers.

Contents


36.3 Apr

30.  Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss becomes Dictator of Austria.

Contents


36.4 May

23.  Bonnie and Clyde were shot dead in Louisiana

Contents


36.5 Jul

13.  Heinrich Himmler appointed head of Germany's concerntration camps.
25.  Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss of Austria was assassinated by Nazis.
*    King George opens the Mersey Tunnel.

Contents


36.6 Aug

19.  President Hindenberg of Germany died.  Hitler proclaimed himself Fuehrer and Reich Chancellor doing away with the Presidency.

Contents


36.7 Sep

26.  The Queen launches the Queen Mary the biggest and most powerful ship to date.

Contents


36.8 Oct

9.   King Alexander of Yugoslavia was assassinated in Marseilles.
*     Fighting broke out through Spain over Catalonia's attempt to make an independent state.

Contents


36.9 Nov

*     Winston Churchill warns of weak defence in Britain as Germany builds up it's war machine.

Contents


36.10 Review

*

Contents


36.11 Cars


Contents


37. 1935


Contents


37.1 Jan

*     Robert Watson Watt invents Radar.

Contents


37.2 May

6.   King George and Queen Mary celebrate their Silver Jubilee.
19.  Colonel T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) died.

Contents


37.3 Jun

7.   Stanley Baldwin becomes Prime Minister of Britain.

Contents


37.4 Aug

*     Hitler bans German-Jewish marriages.

Contents


37.5 Sep

3.   Malcolm Campbell exceeds 300 mph on the Bonneville Flats in Utah.
19.  Jews banned from all forms of public life.

Contents


37.6 Oct

3.   The invasion of Abyssinia began when Mussolini marched in with thousands of troops.

Contents


37.7 Nov

25.  Monarchy is restored in Greece with King George II 's return from  12 years in exile.

Contents


37.8 Review

*     Armed forces in Britain increase their size so as not to get behind Germany's war machine.
*     Radar is invented by Robert Watson-Watt.

Contents


37.9 Cars

*     Jaguar launches the SS Jaguar.
*     The 30 mph speed limit is introduced in built up areas in Britain.

Contents


38. 1936


Contents


38.1 Jan

19.  Rudyard Kipling the writer died aged 70.
20.  King George V dies.
21.  Edward VIII is proclaimed King.

Contents


38.2 Feb

21.  Amnesty was ordered by the left-wing government in Spain for 30,000 political prisoners.  Fighting is still going on throughout Spain.

Contents


38.3 Mar

7.   Hitler's troops enter the Rhineland.

Contents


38.4 Apr

8.   Condemnation over Italy's use of mustard gas in Abyssinia against civilians and troops, violating the Geneva convention of 1925.
28.  Prince Farouk is proclaimed King of Egypt.

Contents


38.5 May

9.  Italy proclaims Abyssinia as part of it's Empire.

Contents


38.6 Jun

21.  RAF go to war against Arabs in Palastine for raids on British troops and Jewish settlements.

Contents


38.7 Jul

*     Civil war breaks out in Spain.  General Francisco Franco leads the Nationalists in an attempt to bring order to Spain.  Anarchy and Communism is rife.

Contents


38.8 Aug

*     Berlin hosts Olympic Games.  Jesse Owen wins 100, 200 metres and long jump. Hitler refused to shake hands because he was black.
30.  Liner Queen Mary wins the Blue Riband taking 3 days 23 hrs. and 57 mins.
*     The BBC introduces talking TV.

Contents


38.9 Sep

*     The Nationalists in Spain hold the south west and part of the northwest, while the Republicans hold the other part of the north east, north west and central region.
30.  Franco captures Toledo and continues the fight for the Alcazar palace.

Contents


38.10 Oct

5.   Thousands of jobless people marchd from Jarrow to London.
12.  First train ferry between Dover and Dunkirk.
*     The battle for Madrid continues.

Contents


38.11 Nov

30.  Crystal Palace burns down.

Contents


38.12 Dec

12.  Edward VII abdicates to marry Mrs Simpson.

Contents


38.13 Review

*     The first transmision of sound with television pictures

Contents


38.14 Cars

*     Volkswagon the "peoples car" is launched in Germany by Adolf Hitler.

Contents


39. 1937


Contents


39.1 Feb

*     Men from around the world go to fight in the Spanish Civil War, joining up on both sides.

Contents


39.2 Apr

20.  The aircraft carrier Ark Royal was launched at Birkenhead.
27.  The town of Guernica, in the Basque country, was destroyed by the German air force fighting for Franco.

Contents


39.3 May

6.   The airship Hindeburg exploded on landing at New Jersey US.
12.  The Coronation took place of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth.
*     Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister.

Contents


39.4 Jun

3.   Duke of Windsor married Wallis Simpson.
7.   Jean Harlow the hollywood actress died aged 26.

Contents


39.5 Jul

11.  George Gershwin the composer died aged 38.

Contents


39.6 Aug

29.  Japanese bomb Shanghai

Contents


39.7 Sep

2.   Sir Malcolm Campbell breaks the water speed record at 129 mph.

Contents


39.8 Dec

27.  Maurice Ravel the French composer died aged 62.

Contents


39.9 Review

*

Contents


39.10 Cars


Contents


40. 1938


Contents


40.1 Feb

10.  Hitler appoints himself Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces.

Contents


40.2 Mar

*     Franco gains strength in the Spanish Civil War.
15.  Eighteen high ranking Soviets were executed in Lubyanka prison for treason.

Contents


40.3 Apr

19.  General Franco gains victory in Catalonia.

Contents


40.4 Jun

8.   Japanese bomb Canton.

Contents


40.5 Jul

3.   The steam locmotive "Mallard" broke a speed record of 126 mph.
15.  Howard Hughes sets new record for around the world flight in 3 days 19 hours 17 minutes.

Contents


40.6 Sep

27.  The liner Queen Elizabeth was launched.

Contents


40.7 Oct

5.   Hitler invades Czechoslovakia

Contents


40.8 Dec

*     Jews in Germany have their property confiscated.

Contents


40.9 Review

*

Contents


40.10 Cars


Contents


41. 1939


Contents


41.1 Jan

26.  Franco captures Barcelona.
*     IRA has bombing campaign in Britain.
*     RAF takes on more pilots and aircraft.

Contents


41.2 Feb

10.  Pope Pius XI died aged 81.

Contents


41.3 Mar

28.  The Spanish civil war ends with a victory to General Franco's Nationalist forces.  Madrid was finally taken after a 3 year battle.
2.   Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli becomes Pope Pius XII.

Contents


41.4 May

22.  Italy joins forces with Germany.  The "Pact of Steel" was signed.

Contents


41.5 Jul

*     IRA bomb explodes in London.

Contents


41.6 Aug

23.  Germany and Russia sign the Non-Agggression Pact.
25.  Five people were killed in Coventry by an IRA bomb.
27.  The first jet plane the Heinkel HE-178 flies.

Contents


41.7 Sep

3.   Britain declares war on Germany at 11am and France declares war at 5pm.
30.  Germany and Russia invade Poland.

Contents


41.8 Nov

*     Red Army attacks Finland.

Contents


41.9 Dec

*     Red Army is defeated in Finland.

Contents


41.10 Review

*

Contents


41.11 Cars

*      Brooklands race track closes.

Contents


42. 1940


Contents


42.1 Feb

20.  Hitler orders U-boat blockade of Britain.

Contents


42.2 Apr

9.   Germany invades Denmark.
*     Allied Forces are defeated in Norway.

Contents


42.3 May

10.  Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister.
*     Germany invades France, Belgium and Netherlands.
28.  Belgium and Holland surrender.
*     British forces in France are driven back to the coast.

Contents


42.4 Jun

4.   The evacuation of British troops at Dunkirk, Operation Dynamo.
11.  Italy declares war on France and Britain.
14.  Paris falls to the Germans.
16.  France surrenders to Germany.

Contents


42.5 Jul

1.   Germany invades Channel Islands
3.   Britain sinks French fleet in Algeria to stop it getting into the hands of the Germans, 1000 lives are lost.

Contents


42.6 Aug

18.  Battle of Britain begins.
26.  RAF bomb Berlin.

Contents


42.7 Sep

7.   The Blitz of British cities begin.

Contents


42.8 Oct

24.  Hitler tried to get support from Spain but General Franco refused to go to war against the England. Later giving token support on Russian front.
*     The battle for the Atlantic begins.

Contents


42.9 Nov

22.  Greeks defeat Italians at Koritza.

Contents


42.10 Dec

9.   Britain launches North Africa attack.
*     London suffers major bombing raids.

Contents


42.11 Review

*

Contents


42.12 Cars


Contents


43. 1941


Contents


43.1 Jan

*     British Army push back Italian army in North Africa and gain victory at Tobruk.
*     Amy Johnson goes missing.

Contents


43.2 Feb

14.  The German "Afrika Korps" landed in Tripoli under the command of General Rommel
25.  Empire troops took Italian held Mogadishu, Somaliland.

Contents


43.3 Mar

4.   British forces sank 11 German ships off Norway.
*     Germans march into Bulgaria.
11.  America gives support to Britain under the Lend-Lease agreement

Contents


43.4 Apr

*     Rommel launches an offensive in North Africa.
*     Hitler takesYugoslavia.
27.  Athens falls to Germans.

Contents


43.5 May

10.  Rudolph Hess Parachutes into Scotland with an offer of peace. It is rejected and he is imprisoned.
20.  Germans invade Crete.
27.  German warship the Bismarck is sunk by British navy.

Contents


43.6 Jun

16.  Italian forces surrender in Abyssinia.
30.  Germany invades Russia

Contents


43.7 Jul

*     Germany bombs Moscow.

Contents


43.8 Aug

25.  Britain and Russia invade Iran to expel the Germans
*     Britain and America sign the Atlantic Charter which set out their war aims.

Contents


43.9 Sep

*     German forces encircle Leningrad.

Contents


43.10 Oct

*     German forces attempt to take over Moscow.
30.  US battleship sunk by U-boat in the Atlantic.

Contents


43.11 Nov

13.  HMS Ark Royal was sunk by Italian U-boat.
*     German forces are driven back from Moscow by Russian army.

Contents


43.12 Dec

7.   Japan bombs Pearl Harbour bringing the US into the war.  360 Japanese planes destroyed 5 battleships, 14 smaller ships, 200 aircraft and over 2,400 people were killed.
12.  Allied forces invade Norway.
*     Russians defeat Hitler's Panzers.

Contents


43.13 Review

*

Contents


43.14 Cars


Contents


44. 1942


Contents


44.1 Jan

*     Japan takes Indonesia, Philippines, Malaya and Singapore.
26.  US troops land in Europe.
*     Rommel pushes back the 8th Army in the Western Dessert.

Contents


44.2 Feb

15.  Singapore surrenders to the Japanese.

Contents


44.3 Mar

28.  RAF bomb the Baltic port of Lubeck

Contents


44.4 Apr

5.   Japanese attack Ceylon.
18.  US planes bomb Tokyo.

Contents


44.5 May

31.  More than 2,000 tons of bombs were dropped on Cologne in one night, detroying more than 200 factories.

Contents


44.6 Jun

*     Germans close in on Cairo
*     US navy forces Japanese to withdraw at the Battle of Midway.

Contents


44.7 Jul

1.   Russia's Black Sea fortress of Sebastoplol falls to the Germans.
*     US begins recapture of Pacific Islands.

Contents


44.8 Aug

6.   Montgomery takes command of the 8th Army.
*     Germans Lay seige to Stalingrad.

Contents


44.9 Sep

12.  The ship Laconia carrying Italian prisoners of war was sunk by German U-boat killing 1800.

Contents


44.10 Oct

*     General Montgomery launches offensive against Rommel at El Alemein.

Contents


44.11 Nov

15.  British gain victory at El Alemein.
*     US troops land in North Africa.

Contents


44.12 Review

*

Contents


44.13 Cars

*     A French CGE Tudor electric car designed by Jean Gregoire, a stylish car for it's day, covered 158 miles between Paris and Tours on a single charge.

Contents


45. 1943


Contents


45.1 Jan

23.  Allies take Tripoli.
31.  Germans surrender at Stalingrad.
*     The Jewish uprising of the Warsaw Ghetto.
31.  Britain carries out daylight bombing campaign on Berlin.

Contents


45.2 Feb

9.   US win the battle in the Solomon Islands.
26.  US troops push Rommel back in Tunisia.

Contents


45.3 Mar

28.  Rachmaninov the composer died aged 69.

Contents


45.4 Apr

26.  A grave containing 4,000 Polish officers was found said to be murdered by the Russians.

Contents


45.5 May

17.  The 617 Squadron "Dambusters" destroyed the Mohne dam and the Eder dam.
*     German U-boats withdraw in North Atlantic.

Contents


45.6 Jul

*     Allied forces land in Italy.
8.   Jean Moulin "Max" leader of the French Resistance died after being tortured.
13.  Red Army tanks defeat the Germans at Kursk in the biggest Mechanical battle in history.
25.  Mussolini is deposed.

Contents


45.7 Aug

3.   10,000 tons of bombs were dropped on Hamburg in 2 days by RAF and USAF.

Contents


45.8 Sep

12.  Mussolini flees Rome.
*     Italy surrenders as the Allies invade Italy.

Contents


45.9 Oct

13.  Italy declares war on Germany.

Contents


45.10 Dec

26.  The Royal Navy sunk Germany's last great warship the Scharnhorst.

Contents


45.11 Review

*

Contents


45.12 Cars


Contents


46. 1944


Contents


46.1 Jan

19.  The 1000 day seige of Leningrad ends with victory for Russia.
22.  Thousands of American and British troops land at Anzio, Italy.

Contents


46.2 Feb

*     PAYE begins in Britain.

Contents


46.3 Mar

8.   Welsh miners go on strike.
12.  A travel ban between Ireland and Britain was enforced.  
19.  British land behind Japanese lines in Burma.
*     Allies bomb Nuremberg

Contents


46.4 Apr

9.   General De Gaulle becomes Commander of the French forces
*     The Red Army liberates the Crimea and Romania.

Contents


46.5 May

28.  Forty seven POWs shot by Gestapo after escaping from Stalag Luft III.
*     Forces gather in Britain for the invasion of Europe.

Contents


46.6 Jun

6   The Allied Forces launch the biggest ever seaborne invasion against German occupied France.
4.   Amercian troops enter Rome.
15.  US B-29s bomb Japan.
*     Britain is bombarded with German V-1 rockets.

Contents


46.7 Jul

20.  An assassination attempt on Hitler fails

Contents


46.8 Aug

20.  Nazi tanks shell Warsaw.
*     German troops leave Channel Islands.

Contents


46.9 Sep

*     Allied troops liberate Paris.

Contents


46.10 Oct

14.  Rommel commits suicide.
*     General Tito of Yugoslavia Liberates Belgrade.
*     The Jewish uprising in Warsaw is crushed.

Contents


46.11 Nov

12.  RAF sink the warship Tirpitz.
*     German army retreats as the Invasion of Europe continues.   French and Belgian towns are liberated.

Contents


46.12 Dec

16.  Glen Miller the band leader, goes missing over the English Channel.
*    Germany makes counter attack  in the Ardennes

Contents


46.13 Review

*

Contents


46.14 Cars


Contents


47. 1945


Contents


47.1 Jan

*     The Red Army liberates Warsaw.

Contents


47.2 Feb

14.  More than 100,000 people are thought to have been killed after heavy night and day bombing, which reduced Dresden to a ruin
23.  Americans capture Iwo Jima

Contents


47.3 Mar

26.  David Lloyd George died aged 82.
*     Allies cross Rhine into Germany.

Contents


47.4 Apr

*     Mussolini is captured by Italian Partisans and shot.
30.  Hitler shot himself.
*     Franklin D Roosevelt the american President dies.

Contents


47.5 May

7.   Peace was declared in Europe at 2.41 am.
8.   VE Day is declared.

Contents


47.6 Jun

21.  Worst day of fighting in the battle for Okinawa.  A total of 12,000 Americans and 110,000 Japanese were killed

Contents


47.7 Jul

*    Berlin is divided into four sectors Russian, British, French and American.
*     US test atomic bomb in New Mexico.

Contents


47.8 Aug

6.   Hiroshima, Japan 8.15 am, the first atomic bomb was dropped, killing 140,000 people, 200,000 to date as a result of the bomb.
9.   The second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki Japan killing more than 70,000 people
14.  Japan surrenders.

Contents


47.9 Sep

*     The Lend-Lease programme ends.

Contents


47.10 Oct

*     The United Nations comes into existance with 29 countries.

Contents


47.11 Nov

*     The Nuremberg war trials begin.
*     The People's Republic of Yugoslavia is declared.

Contents


47.12 Review

*     From 1939, 6 million Jews were killed in German concentration camps. A further 6 million people were also killed in the death camps.
*     A total of 55 million were killed in the second World war

Contents


47.13 Cars

*     SS Cars becomes Jaguar Cars.

Contents


48. 1946


Contents


48.1 Jan

1.    Heathrow becomes a civil airport.
*     The Bank of England is nationalised.

Contents


48.2 Feb

*     An electronic calculator called ENIAC was introduced by IBM.

Contents


48.3 Mar

9.   33 people die as a barrier collapses at Bolton Wanderer's football ground.

Contents


48.4 Jun

4.   Juan Peron bocomes President of Argentina.
13.  King Umberto II of Italy steps down.  The end of monarchy in Italy.
14.  John Logie Baird the inventor television died aged 58.

Contents


48.5 Jul

*     US carries out nuclear testing off Bikini Atol in the Pacific.
22.  British HQ in Jerusalem blown up by Jewish terrorists killing more than 40 people.

Contents


48.6 Oct

*     12 Nazis are sentenced to death for war crimes and Rudolf Hess is sentenced to life imprisonment at the Nuremberg trials.

Contents


48.7 Nov

17.  Jewish terrorists kill 8 British servicemen in Jerusalem.

Contents


48.8 Dec

28.  Martial law is proclaimed in Indo-China by the French Government.

Contents


48.9 Review

*     War time rations continue in Britain.
*     The link between cigarette smoking and lung cancer is discovered.
*     Divorce rate reaches an all time high.

Contents


48.10 Cars

*      Austin buys out Vanden Plas.

Contents


49. 1947


Contents


49.1 Jan

1.   Britains coal industry is nationalised.
*     British are evacuated from Palastine.

Contents


49.2 Feb

20.  Lord Mountbatten is appointed Viceroy of India.

Contents


49.3 Mar

*     Violence increases in India.

Contents


49.4 Apr

7.   Henry Ford the car manufacturer died aged 83.
19.  Texas City in the US is destroyed by fire killing 714 people.
*     The school leaving age in Britain is raised to 15.

Contents


49.5 Jun

*     The Marshall plan is unveiled pledging financial aid by the US to help rebuild Europe.

Contents


49.6 Aug

15.  British rule in India ends.  Two new states are formed, India and Parkistan.

Contents


49.7 Oct

14.  Charles Yeager breaks the sound barrier in a Bell X-I jet.

Contents


49.8 Nov

20.  Princess Elizabeth marries Philip Mountbatten.

Contents


49.9 Dec

14.  Stanley Baldwin the Prime Miniister died aged 80.

Contents


49.10 Review

*

Contents


49.11 Cars

*     David Brown Buys Aston Martin for £20,500 and Lagonda (excl. the Staines factory) for 52,000.

Contents


50. 1948


Contents


50.1 Jan

4.   Burma gains independence.
30.  Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated in India.
*     Fighting continues between Arabs and Jews in Jerusalem.
*     British Railways are nationalised.

Contents


50.2 Feb

16.  Argentinia and Chile attempt to enforce claims to the Falkland Islands.
27.  Communists take over Czechoslovakia.

Contents


50.3 May

14.  The new state of Israel is born.  British troops withdraw.  Arab nations attack.

Contents


50.4 Jun

*     The Soviets blockade western sectors of Berlin.  The Berlin air lift begins.

Contents


50.5 Jul

*     Jamaican immigrants arrive in Britain.
*     The National Health Service comes into operation.

Contents


50.6 Aug

14.  The Olympic games held in Wembley London.

Contents


50.7 Sep

*     The transistor is introduced.

Contents


50.8 Nov

*     Prince Charles is born

Contents


50.9 Dec

23.  General Tojo of Japan along with 6 other wartime leaders were hanged in Tokyo.
*     Worst fog in memory in Britain lasting 144 hours.

Contents


50.10 Review

*     Baby boom in Britain.
*     Transistors were invented replacing the valve.
*     The Berlin air-lift beats Russian blockade of Germany.

Contents


50.11 Cars

*     The Land Rover was launched at the Amsterdam Motor Show.

Contents


51. 1949


Contents


51.1 Jan

22.  China's leader Chiang Kai-Shek retires.
*     A cease-fire ends the first Arab Israeli war.

Contents


51.2 Feb

24.  Egypt and Israeli sign armastice.

Contents


51.3 Apr

*     !2 countries sign up to form NATO.

Contents


51.4 May

12.  Soviet blockade of Berlin ends.
26.  Communists under the leadership of Mao Tse-Tung take over Shanghai.

Contents


51.5 Jun

*     South Africa introduces Apartheid, banning inter-racial marriages.

Contents


51.6 Jul

27.  The world's first jet air liner made it's first flight. The De Havilland comet flew at 500 mph

Contents


51.7 Aug

*     The Handley Page Hermes turbo-prop made it's first flight, flying at 353 mph.

Contents


51.8 Sep

*     Russia tests A-bomb.

Contents


51.9 Oct

1.   Mao Tse-Tung declared China a Communist Republic.
*     A German Democratic Republic is set up in the Soviet zone.

Contents


51.10 Dec

28.  Ahmed Sukarno was elected President of Indonesia.

Contents


51.11 Review

*

Contents


51.12 Cars


Contents


52. 1950


Contents


52.1 Jan

*     Britain recognises communist China.

Contents


52.2 Feb

26.  Sir Harry Lauder the Scottish comedian died aged 79.

Contents


52.3 Apr

24.  The new Kingdom of Jordan was created.

Contents


52.4 Jun

17.  The first kidney transplant was performed in the US.
25.  North Korea crosses the 38 parallel into South Korea, starting  the Korean war.
*     British and the US forces aid South Korea.

Contents


52.5 Sep

16.  Thousands of UN troops went ashore at the port of Inchon in South Korea in order to push the North Koreans back and out of the capital Seoul.

Contents


52.6 Oct

30.  Mao Tse-Tung marches into Tibet.
*     Legal aid starts in Britain.

Contents


52.7 Nov

2.   George Bernard Shaw the playwrite died aged 94.
28.  China enters the Korean war.

Contents


52.8 Dec

*     UN troops push back out of North Korea.
*     Britain no longer receives aid under the Marshall Plan.

Contents


52.9 Review

*

Contents


52.10 Cars

*     The world's first jet powered car, Rover's JET 1, runs for the first time.

Contents


53. 1951


Contents


53.1 Jan

*     UN troops are forced back from the 38th parallel in Korea.
28.  US tests nuclear bomb in the Navada Desert.
*     Fighting continues in Vietnam with the communist guerrillas being defeated by the French.

Contents


53.2 Apr

11.  President Truman fired General MacArthur as Commander of the UN forces in Korea for his demands to attack Manchuria in China.

Contents


53.3 May

14.  Black people in South Africa are denied the right to vote.
3.   Festival of Britain opens on the South Bank of the Thames.

Contents


53.4 Jun

*     Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean the two British spies, flee to Soviet Union.

Contents


53.5 Jul

20.  King Abdullah of Jordan was assassinated.
*     Peace talks begin over Korea.

Contents


53.6 Aug

*     British oil workers pull out of Iran.

Contents


53.7 Oct

19.  British troops seize Suez Canal zone.
*     Winston Churchhill is elected Prime Minister.

Contents


53.8 Nov

*     Fighting starts at the Suez, British families are evacuated.

Contents


53.9 Dec

24.  Libya declares independence.

Contents


53.10 Review

*

Contents


53.11 Cars

*     The Ministry of Transport introduce zebra crossings.
*     Jaguar wins Le Mans in a C-type.

Contents


54. 1952


Contents


54.1 Feb

6.   George VI dies.
*     Churchill announced that Britain has developed an atomic bomb.

Contents


54.2 Apr

15.  World War II in the Pacific officially ends with President Truman signing the peace treaty.  Japan is officilly recognised as a sovereignty by 49 states.

Contents


54.3 Jul

26.  Evita Peron the First Lady of Argentina died aged 33.
*     King Farouk of Egypt abdicates.
*     The last London tram makes it's final journey.

Contents


54.4 Aug

*    Helsinki hosts the Olympic Games.
11.  Prince Hussein becomes King of Jordan.
26.  A British Canberra bomber crossed the Atlantic and back in 8 hours which broke previous records.

Contents


54.5 Sep

6.   A de Havilland fighter broke up over the Farnborough air show killing 26 spectators, the pilot and observer.

Contents


54.6 Oct

3.   Britain tests an atomic bomb at Monte Bello Islands, NW Australia.
8.   Train crash at Harrow and Wealdstone station,112 people are killed.

Contents


54.7 Nov

30.  US tests hydrogen bomb at Enewetak atoll in the Pacific.  The island disappeared.

Contents


54.8 Dec

*     London is engulfed in smog.

Contents


54.9 Review

*

Contents


54.10 Cars

*     Austin and Morris merge to form British Motor Corporation.
*     Lord Montague opens the Motor Museum at Beaulieu.

Contents


55. 1953


Contents


55.1 Jan

14.  Josif Tito becomes President of Yugoslavia.
28.  Derek Bentley was hanged at Wandsworth prison for the murder of a policeman, although his accomplice fired the shots. 
31.  A car ferry sinks in the Irish Sea, 128 people were drowned.

Contents


55.2 Feb

*     Mau Mau uprising in Kenya grows.

Contents


55.3 Mar

5.   Joseph Stalin dies.
*     Polio vaccine is sucessfully tested.
24.  Queen Mary dies.

Contents


55.4 Apr

8.   Jomo Kenyatta the Mau Mau leader was jailed.

Contents


55.5 May

2.   A BOAC Comet crashed near Calcutta killing 43 people.
29.  Edmund Hilary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay conquer Mount Everest.

Contents


55.6 Jun

2.   Elizabeth II is crowned Queen.
19.  Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed in the electric chair at Sing Sing prison for alleged spying.
17.  East German workers rise up against Soviet rule.

Contents


55.7 Jul

26.  After an attack on an army barracks in Cuba, the rebel leader Fidel Castro was jailed.
27.  The Korean war ends.

Contents


55.8 Aug

*     Russia starts producing nuclear weapons.

Contents


55.9 Nov

9.   Dylan Thomas died aged 39.
*     Fighting continues between French and Communists in Vietnam.

Contents


55.10 Dec

31.  Robert Oppenheimer the man behind the atom bomb, had his security clearence suspended by President Eisenhower over allegations of delaying development of H-bomb.
*     Winston Churchill wins Nobel prize for literature.

Contents


55.11 Review

*

Contents


55.12 Cars


Contents


56. 1954


Contents


56.1 Jan

11.  BOAC Comet crashes in Elba, Italy.  Comets are grounded.
*     Nautilus the world's first nuclear submarine is launched.

Contents


56.2 Feb

*     Fighting continues at Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam.

Contents


56.3 May

6.   Roger Banister breaks the 4 minute mile.
8.   The French fortress of Dien Bien Phu was taken by the Viet Minh after a 55 day battle.
*     The European convention on human rights came into force.

Contents


56.4 Jul

27.  An agreement was reached with Colonel Nasser the Egyptian leader to pull British forces out of Suez.
31.  An agreement separating Vietnam into North and South ends war in Indo-China.
*     Rationing came to an end in Britain.

Contents


56.5 Sep

9.   An earthquake hits Algeria killing 800 people.

Contents


56.6 Oct

13.  Chris Chataway breaks the 5,000m at 13 minutes 15 seconds.

Contents


56.7 Nov

1.   Rioting breaks out in Algeria.

Contents


56.8 Review

*     Myxomatosis wipes out Britains rabbit population.

Contents


56.9 Cars

*     Flashing indicators become legal in the UK.
*     Standard introduces Britain's first diesel engine car.

Contents


57. 1955


Contents


57.1 Apr

5.   Winston Churchill resigns as Prime Minister and Anthony Eden takes over.
18.  Albert Einstein the scientist died aged 76.
29.  Civil war broke out in South Vietnam.

Contents


57.2 May

1.   Stirling Moss wins the Mille Miglia in Italy.
5.  West Germany has it,s sovereignty restored.
15.  Austria has it's sovereignty restored.
14.  8 Eastern countries sign the Warsaw Pact.

Contents


57.3 Jun

11.  Three cars crash into the spectators stand at Le Mans killing 80 people.

Contents


57.4 Jul

23.  Donald Campbell breaks the water speed record at 202.32 mph.
*     Ruth Ellis is the last person to be hanged in Britain.

Contents


57.5 Aug

*     Fighting continues in Algeria with attacks on many French targets.

Contents


57.6 Sep

30.  James Dean the actor died aged 24.
22.  Commercial television started in th UK.
24.  The president of Argentina Juan Peron was sent into exile in Paraguay.

Contents


57.7 Nov

28.  A state of emergency is declared in Cyprus as 2 Soldiers are killed.
*     Russia does more nuclear testing.

Contents


57.8 Review

*

Contents


57.9 Cars

*     Jaguar has another victory at Le Mans in a D-type

Contents


58. 1956


Contents


58.1 Jan

*     British troops are sent to Cyprus.

Contents


58.2 Mar

9.   British deported Archbishop Makarios from Cyprus.

Contents


58.3 Apr

19.  Prince Rainier II of Monaco married Grace Kelly.

Contents


58.4 Jun

29.  Workers in Poland riot against Soviet domination.  Marshall law is declared in Poznan.

Contents


58.5 Jul

*     Colonel Nasser the Egyptian President nationalises the Suez canal.

Contents


58.6 Aug

*     British and French troops are sent to Suez.

Contents


58.7 Oct

31.  Anglo-French forces bomb the Suez zone over the control of the canal.
*     Israel invades Sinai.
*     Demonstrations in Hungary against Soviet influence.

Contents


58.8 Nov

5.   Soviets invade Hungary to supress revolt.
6.   Allied forces cease control of Suez.
8.   The United Nations impose a cease-fire in Suez.
*     UN forces take over in the Canal Zone in Suez.
*     Melbourne hosts Olympic Games.

Contents


58.9 Review

*

Contents


58.10 Cars

*     Petrol rationing is introduced in UK as a result of the Suez crisis.

Contents


59. 1957


Contents


59.1 Jan

10.  Harold Macmillan becomes Prime Minister after Anthony Eden resigns.
14.  Humphrey Bogart the film actor died aged 56.

Contents


59.2 Feb

*     Fighting continues in Cuba between President Batista and Fidel Castro.

Contents


59.3 Mar

*     BEA Viscount crashes at Manchester.
*     Six countries set up the European Common Market.

Contents


59.4 Aug

30.  Malaya declares independance from British rule.

Contents


59.5 Oct

4.   Russia launched Sputnik-I making them first in Space.
24.  Christian Dior the fashion designer died aged 52.

Contents


59.6 Nov

3.   The Soviet Union sends a dog into space

Contents


59.7 Dec

4.   Two commutor trains collide in fog at Lewisham killing 92 people.

Contents


59.8 Review

*

Contents


59.9 Cars

*     First double white lines introduced between London to Folkestone and London to Portsmouth roads.

Contents


60. 1958


Contents


60.1 Jan

28.  More rioting broke out in Nicosia, Cyprus.

Contents


60.2 Feb

1.   America put it's first satelite into Space.
6.   Manchester City football team's plane crashed at Munich airport.  Seven members of the team were killed along with other passengers.
17.  CND was formed for the abolition of nuclear weapons.

Contents


60.3 Mar

24.  Elvis Presley starts National Service in the army.

Contents


60.4 Apr

7.   Anti-nuclear bomb protesters marched from London to Aldermaston
*     The Church of England supports family planning.

Contents


60.5 May

*     Crisis continues in Algeria.

Contents


60.6 Jun

31.  Tibetans revolt against Chinese occupation of Tibet.

Contents


60.7 Aug

25.  Ralph Vaughan Williams the composer died aged 85.
*     The US submarine Nautilus completed a voyage under the North Pole ice-cap.

Contents


60.8 Sep

9.   Race riots in Notting Hill.
17.  Fidel Castro along with another revolutionary Che Guevara launch an offensive on the Batista government.

Contents


60.9 Oct

26.  Boeing 707's begin trans-Atlantic service.
28.  Cardinal Angelo Guiseppe Roncalli was elected as the new Pope, John XXIII.

Contents


60.10 Nov

5.    The mortgage scheme for buying houses was introduced in Britain.

Contents


60.11 Dec

21.  President Charles De Gaulle of France became President.

Contents


60.12 Review

*     The Hovercraft was invented by Christopher Cockerell.

Contents


60.13 Cars

*     Britain's first parking meters were installed.
*     M6 motorway is opened in Britain.

Contents


61. 1959


Contents


61.1 Jan

2.   The Cuban leader Fulgencio Batista is overthrown.  Fidel Castro takes over.
21.  Cecil B. de Mille the movie maker died aged 77.
22.  Mike Hawthorn the British racing driver was killed in a road accident, he was 29.

Contents


61.2 Feb

3.   Buddy Holly the singer was killed in a plane crash he was 22.
23.  A peace deal was reached for Cyprus.

Contents


61.3 Apr

*     The spiritual leader of Tibet the Dalai Lama flees to India as Chinese forces advance.

Contents


61.4 Jul

17.  Billie Holiday the lady who sung the blues died aged 44.
*     The first crossing of the English Channel by Hovercraft, invented by Christopher Cockerel.

Contents


61.5 Sep

14.  Soviet Union reaches the moon with Lunik II.

Contents


61.6 Oct

14.  Errol Flynn the film actor died aged 50.

Contents


61.7 Dec

4.   Pu-Yi, the former child Emperor of China was pardoned by the Communists.
14.  Archbishop Makarios becomes President of the new Republic of Cyprus.

Contents


61.8 Review

*

Contents


61.9 Cars

*     The Mini is introduced.
*     The M1 motorway in opens.

Contents


62. 1960


Contents


62.1 Feb

*     Queen Elizabeth II gives birth to Prince Andrew.

Contents


62.2 Mar

1.   Earthquake hits Morroco, more than 1,000 are killed.
21.  Policemen in Sharpeville South Africa open fire on protesters killing 56.

Contents


62.3 May

*     US pilot Gary Powers was shot down over the Soviet Union in a U-2 spy plane.
*     Princess Margaret marries Antony Armstrong-Jones.
23.  Israelis capture Adolf Eichmann.

Contents


62.4 Jun

21.  British yachtsman Francis Chichester sailed solo across the Atlantic.
30.  The Congo Declared independence after 80 years of Belgian rule.
*     The laser is invented.

Contents


62.5 Jul

11.  Civil war breaks out in the Congo.

Contents


62.6 Aug

*     Rome hosts the Olympic Games.

Contents


62.7 Oct

1.   Nigeria declares independence

Contents


62.8 Nov

16.  Clark Gable the film actor died aged 59.

Contents


62.9 Dec

*     National service was abolished in Britain.

Contents


62.10 Review

*

Contents


62.11 Cars

*    Jaguar buys Daimler for £3.4 million.

Contents


63. 1961


Contents


63.1 Jan

20.  John Fitzgerald Kennedy becomes US President.
*     The contraceptive pill goes on sale in Britain.

Contents


63.2 Mar

8.   Sir Thomas Beecham the orchestra conductor died aged 81.

Contents


63.3 Apr

12.  Yuri Gagarin became first man in space,  orbiting the world twice in Vostok I.
19.  The attempt overthrow of Fidel Castro by the US and Cuban exiles at the Bay of Pigs was a failure.

Contents


63.4 May

5.   Alan Shepard was the first American in space.

Contents


63.5 Jun

16.  Rudolf Nureyev the Russian ballet dancer defected in Paris.

Contents


63.6 Jul

2.   Ernest Hemingway the writer died aged 61.

Contents


63.7 Aug

7.   Major Gherman Titov the Russian cosmonaut, orbited the earth 17 times.
*     The Berlin wall was built.

Contents


63.8 Sep

17.  Ban the bomb demonstration took place in Trafalgar Square 15,000 people took part, 850 were arrested.
*    MOT tests for cars were introduced in Britain.

Contents


63.9 Oct

20.  Algerians demonstrated on the streets of Paris.

Contents


63.10 Dec

15.  In Jerusalem Adolf Eichmann was sentenced to hang for the murder of millions of Jews.
19.  India regained Goa after 400 years as a Portuguese colony.

Contents


63.11 Review

*

Contents


63.12 Cars

*     The E-Type Jaguar was launched.
*     Ford buys out remaining British shareholders in Ford for $368 million.
*     Leyland Motors buy Standard Triumph for £18 million.

Contents


64. 1962


Contents


64.1 Feb

10. Soviet/American spy swap, Rudolph Abel was exchanged for Gary Powers.
17.  James Hanratty was sentenced to death for the A6 murder.
20.  John Glenn was the first American to orbit earth.

Contents


64.2 Mar

*     London's last trolley bus is retired.

Contents


64.3 May

31.  Adolf Eichmann was hanged for Nazi war crimes.
*     Malcolm Scott Carpenter was America's second astronaut to orbit earth.

Contents


64.4 Jul

3.   France gives independance to Algeria.
20.  The first Hovercraft went into service between Rhyl and Wallasey.
*     Telstar the first communication satellite was launched making live television possible across the Atlantic.

Contents


64.5 Aug

5.   Marilyn Monroe the actress was found dead.
12.  Two Russian cosmonauts orbit the earth at the same time.

Contents


64.6 Oct

26.  Fighting broke out onthe Indian Chinese border.
28.  The US discovers Soviet missile bases in Cuba.  The crisis is resolved when Nikita Krushchev agrees to withdraw the missiles.

Contents


64.7 Nov

7.   Nelson Mandela was jailed for 5 years in Pretoria.

Contents


64.8 Review

*

Contents


64.9 Cars


Contents


65. 1963


Contents


65.1 Jun

16.  Valentia Tereshkova is the first woman in space.
*     John Profumo Secretary of state for war resigned over the Christine Keeler scandal.

Contents


65.2 Jul

*     Kim Philby a former high ranking MI6 officer turns up in Moscow.

Contents


65.3 Aug

8.   The Great Train Robbery took place, over £1 million was taken.
*    US, Britain and Soviet Union sign nuclear test ban treaty.
28.  Martin Luther King made his speech "I have a dream" in front of 250,000 people.
22.  Lord Nuffield died aged 84.

Contents


65.4 Oct

*     China becomes a nuclear power.

Contents


65.5 Nov

22.  President John F Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas.
22.  Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as US President.
24.  Lee Harvey Oswald accused of assassinating President Kennedy was shot dead.
26.  Jack Ruby was indicted for killing Oswald.

Contents


65.6 Review

*     Mary Quant opens shop in Chelsea changing the face of fashion.

Contents


65.7 Cars

*     Leyland Motor Corporation is formed.

Contents


66. 1964


Contents


66.1 Jan

5.   Pop Paul VI visits the Holy Land.

Contents


66.2 Feb

25.  Cassius Clay becomes world heavyweight champion.

Contents


66.3 Mar

19.  UN force goes into Cyprus to keep the peace between the Cypriots and the Turks.
*     British government announces closure of railways as recommended by Dr Beeching.

Contents


66.4 May

18.  Margate sees the battle of the Mods and Rockers on the beach
28.  The Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru died aged 74.

Contents


66.5 Jun

14.  A court in South Africa sentences Nelson Mandela to life imprisonment for treason.

Contents


66.6 Jul

2.   President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act.
28.  Sir Winston Churchill made his last appearance in the House of Commons at the age of 89.

Contents


66.7 Aug

12.  Ian Fleming the author died aged 56.
*     After a North Vietnamese torpedo attack on a US destroyer, President Johnson retaliates and receives the approval from Congress to take further action against the Communists.

Contents


66.8 Sep

28.  Harpo Marx of the Marx Brothers died aged 70.

Contents


66.9 Oct

15.  Nikita Krushchev is deposed and succeeded by Leonid Breznev.
24.  Martin Luther King receives the Nobel Peace Prize.
*     Harold Wilson becomes Prime Minister.
*     Tokyo hosts the Olympic Games.

Contents


66.10 Nov

12.  Kenya becomes a Republic.
*     South Vietnam forces attack Communist strongholds.

Contents


66.11 Dec

21.  Government vote to abolish capital punishment for murder in Britain.

Contents


66.12 Review

*     Pirate radio stations start, off the coast of Britain.  Radio Caroline and Radio Atlanta are the first two.

Contents


66.13 Cars

*     BMC had it's first victory in the Monte Carlo Rally with Paddy Hopkirk and Henry Liddon driving a Mini Cooper S.
*     Chrysler buys a share of Rootes.

Contents


67. 1965


Contents


67.1 Jan

4.   T. S. Eliot the poet died aged 76.
24.  Winston Churchill the great British statesman dies aged 90.

Contents


67.2 Feb

23.  Stan Laurel of Laurel and Hardy died aged 74
*     Blockade of Gibraltar begins.
*     B-57 bombers bomb North Vietnam.

Contents


67.3 Mar

*     President Lyndon Johnson sends the marines to Vietnam.

Contents


67.4 Jun

3.    Major Edward White became the first American to walk in space.
29.  American troops go into battle alongside South Vietnam forces.

Contents


67.5 Aug

15.  Race riots flare up in Los Angeles

Contents


67.6 Sep

4.    Dr Albert Schweitzer died aged 90.
22.  India and Parkistan go to war over Kashmir.

Contents


67.7 Oct

26.  Beatles were awarded MBEs.
28.  Ian Brady and Myra Hindley were both charged with murder of a 10 year old girl.

Contents


67.8 Nov

11.  Rhodesia declares independence.

Contents


67.9 Dec

22.  Richard Dimbleby the commentator died aged 52
27.  Oil rig callapses in the North Sea killing 13.

Contents


67.10 Review

*

Contents


67.11 Cars

*     Rover buys Alvis.
*     BMC takes over Pressed Steel Britains largest supplier of car bodies.

Contents


68. 1966


Contents


68.1 Jan

11.  The prime minister of India Lal Bahadur Shastri dies Mrs Indira Gandhi takes over.
17.  A B52 bomber carrying an H-bomb collided in mid-air with another plane off the coast of southern Spain. The bomb goes missing.

Contents


68.2 Feb

1.   Buster Keaton the actor died aged 70.

Contents


68.3 Mar

17.  Gemini 8 docked with their Agena launcher, the first docking in space
23.  Heads of Roman Catholic and Anglican churches met in Rome after a 400 year rift.

Contents


68.4 Apr

7.   The H-bomb that went missing off the coast of southern Spain was found.
19.  Australian troops are sent to fight in Vietnam.

Contents


68.5 May

6.   Ian Brady and Myra Hindley the Moors murderers were both sentenced to life imprisonment.

Contents


68.6 Jun

6.   Gemini 9, an unmanned spacecraft landed on the Moon.
30.  US bombs Hanoi.

Contents


68.7 Jul

30.  England beat Germany in the World Cup.
*     Race riots start in the US.

Contents


68.8 Aug

11.  Peace deal ends 3 years of fighting between Indonesia and Malaysia.

Contents


68.9 Sep

*     The first vertical take-off plane the Hawker Harrier was shown at the Farnborough Air Show.

Contents


68.10 Oct

21.  116 children and 28 adults were buried alive in Aberfan, when a coal slag tip slid towards the village and buried the school.

Contents


68.11 Nov

1.   Viet Cong shell Saigon.
9.   Floods hit northern Italy destroying many art treasures.
*     The Soviet satellite crashes on the moon.

Contents


68.12 Dec

16.  Walt Disney the cartoonist died aged 65.

Contents


68.13 Review

*     Fighting continues in Vietnam.

Contents


68.14 Cars

*     BMC merges with Jaguar.
*     Lotus Cars moves from Cheshunt, Hertfordshire to Hethnel, Norfolk

Contents


69. 1967


Contents


69.1 Jan

4.   Donald Campbell was killed while attempting to break the water speed record in Bluebird on Coniston Water.
27.  Three American astronauts were killed when a fire swept through their spacecraft while on the launch pad.

Contents


69.2 Mar

9.   Stalin's daughter defects to the West.
19.  The oil tanker Torrey Canyon runs aground off Lands End spilling many thousands of gallons of oil.
*     North Sea oil starts to be pumped ashore.

Contents


69.3 Apr

24.  Russian Cosmonaut is killed when his spacecraft crashed after coming out of orbit

Contents


69.4 May

28.  Francis Chichester returns from his solo round the world yacht voyage.
*     Britain's first satellite Ariel III goes into orbit.

Contents


69.5 Jun

3.   DC-4 crashed in the Pyrenees killing 83 holidaymakers.
4.   A British Midland Argonaut crashed near Manchester killing 78 holidaymakers.
10.  Spencer Tracy the actor died aged 67.
*     The Israeli 6 day war.
*     War breaks out in Biafra.

Contents


69.6 Jul

8.   Vivien Leigh the actress died aged 53.

Contents


69.7 Aug

27.  Brian Epstein the Beatles manager died.

Contents


69.8 Sep

20.  The QE2 liner was launched by the Queen at Clydebank.

Contents


69.9 Oct

10.  Che Guevara the revolutionary was shot dead in Bolivia.
*     Abortion is legalised in Britain.

Contents


69.10 Nov

30.  Britain gets out of Aden.
*     A train was derailed at Hither Green killing 49 people.

Contents


69.11 Dec

3.   The South African heart surgeon Cristian Barnard performs the first heart transplant.  The patient survive for 18 days.

Contents


69.12 Review

*     Fighting continues in Vietnam.

Contents


69.13 Cars

*     UK introduces a 70 mph speed limit.
*     Chrysler buys major share of Rootes Group.
*     Leyland Motor Corporation takes over Rover.
*     Ford Europe is created joining British and German businesses.
*     UK introdues Breathalyser test

Contents


70. 1968


Contents


70.1 Jan

28.  A B-52 bomber crash off Greenland with 4 nuclear bombs aboard the bombs were lost..

Contents


70.2 Mar

27.  Yuri Gagarin the first man in space was killed in a plane crash.

Contents


70.3 Apr

4.   Martin Luther King was shot dead in Memphis.
7.  Jim Clark the racing driver was killed in a crash at Hockenheim circuit in West Germany.

Contents


70.4 May

3.   The first heart transplant is performed in the UK.
*     Student riots break out in Paris.

Contents


70.5 Jun

5.   Senator Bobby Kennedy was assassinated.
24.  Tony Hancock the comedian committed suicide.

Contents


70.6 Aug

*     Warsaw treaty forces invade Czechoslovakia.

Contents


70.7 Oct

20.  Bud Flanigan the comedian died.
*     Mexico City hosts the Olympic Games.
*     Anti Vietnam demonstrations take place outside the American Embassy in London.

Contents


70.8 Nov

6.   Richard Nixon becomes US President.

Contents


70.9 Dec

27.  Apollo 8 orbited ten times around the Moon.

Contents


70.10 Review

*     President Johnson ordered the bombing of North Vietnam to end.

Contents


70.11 Cars

*     US safety regulations over cars sold in America comes into force.
*     The last Austin Healey 3000 comes off the line after a decision to discontinue the marque.

Contents


71. 1969


Contents


71.1 Jan

1.   Kenya expel Asians.

Contents


71.2 Feb

3.   Yasar Arafat becomes the new leader of the PLO.

Contents


71.3 Mar

5.   The Kray twins were sentenced to life imprisonment for gangland murder.
7.   Golda Meir becomes Israeli Prime Minister.

Contents


71.4 Apr

9.   Concorde 002 took her maiden flight

Contents


71.5 Jun

8.   The Spain - Gibraltar border is closed.
21.  Man lands on the moon at 3.56am BST.  Neil Armstrong, "Buzz" Aldrin are the first men on the moon.
22.  Judy Garland the actress died aged 47.
*     High grade crude oil is dicovered in the North Sea.

Contents


71.6 Aug

*     British troops are sent to Belfast after fierce fighting breaks out..

Contents


71.7 Sep

1.   Gadaffi takes over Libya

Contents


71.8 Nov

24.  Americans make a second Moon landing.

Contents


71.9 Review

*

Contents


71.10 Cars

*     The Riley name is dropped by Leyland.

Contents


72. 1970


Contents


72.1 Jan

*     Britains voting age is lowered to 18.
*     Hong Kong flu kills thousands of people in Britain.

Contents


72.2 Feb

2.   Bertrand Russell died aged 97.

Contents


72.3 Mar

1.   US bombs the Ho Chi Minh trail.

Contents


72.4 Apr

17.  Apollo 13 lands safely after an explosion in the service module.
30.  US sends troops into Cambodia.
*     The Beatles split up.

Contents


72.5 Jun

19.  Edward Heath becomes Prime Minister.
*     Tonga gets independance from Britain.

Contents


72.6 Jul

*     Egypt completes the Aswan Dam.

Contents


72.7 Aug

*     Windscale nuclear plant in Britain has a radioactive leak.

Contents


72.8 Sep

18.  Jimi Hendrix the rock star dies.

Contents


72.9 Nov

9.   Charles de Gaulle the French President dies.

Contents


72.10 Review

*

Contents


72.11 Cars

*     Lucas Industries started making electric vehicles mainly vans but limousines were later made of which The Duke of Edinburgh bought two.

Contents


73. 1971


Contents


73.1 Jan

2.   A stand at Ibrox Park football ground collapses killing 66 fans.
10.  Coco Chanel the fashion designer died aged 87.

Contents


73.2 Feb

15.  Decimal currency was introduced into Britain.
20.  Idi Amin elects himself President of Uganda.

Contents


73.3 Mar

*     Civil war breaks out in Pakistan.

Contents


73.4 Jul

31.  Two astronauts drove a moon buggy on the moon.

Contents


73.5 Aug

*     Rioting breaks out in Northern Ireland after the shooting of British soldiers.

Contents


73.6 Sep

24.  Britain expels 90 Russians for spying.

Contents


73.7 Oct

9.   Emperor Hirohito of Japan was in London on a state visit.

Contents


73.8 Review

*

Contents


73.9 Cars

*     Rolls Royce declares itself bankrupt and is Nationalised

Contents


74. 1972


Contents


74.1 Jan

9.   Fire destroys the liner Queen Elizabeth in Hong Kong harbour.
*     Bloody Sunday, British troops kill 13 marchers in Londonderry.

Contents


74.2 Feb

16.  The miners strike, results in power cuts in Britain.
22.  Seven people were killed when an IRA bomb exploded at the army barracks in Aldershot.

Contents


74.3 Apr

*     John Fairfax and Sylvia Cook row across the Pacific.

Contents


74.4 May

2.   John Edgar Hoover the FBI boss died aged 77.
28.  The Duke of Windsor dies.
30.  Japanese Red Army terrorists masacred 26 people at Lod Airport, Tel Aviv.

Contents


74.5 Jun

18.  A BEA Trident crashed shortly after take off at Heathrow.  The plane came down in a field at Staines killing all 118 people.

Contents


74.6 Aug

*     Idi Armin expels Asians from Uganda.

Contents


74.7 Sep

*     Munich hosts the Olympic Games.
5.   Arab Guerillas of the "Black September" group broke into the Olympic village killing 2 Israeli athletes and took 9 hostages which they later shot.

Contents


74.8 Dec

25.  Many thousands of people died when an earthquake hit the Nicaraguan capital of Managua.
*     A Uruguayan plane crashed in the Andes.  The 16 survivors ate the dead to stay alive for 10 weeks until their rescue.

Contents


74.9 Review

*

Contents


74.10 Cars

*     David Brown sells Aston Martin.

Contents


75. 1973


Contents


75.1 Jan

1.    Britain joins the Common Market
22.  Lyndon Johnson the former US President died aged 64.
*     A ceasefire was declared in Vietnam.

Contents


75.2 Feb

22.  A Lybian Boeing 727 was shot down by Israeli fighters killing 74 people.
*     Direct rule is imposed on the province of Ulster.

Contents


75.3 Mar

26.  Noel Coward the composer died aged 73
*     The last US troops leave Vietnam.

Contents


75.4 Apr

8.   Pablo Picasso the artist died aged 91.
*     VAT comes into force in the UK.

Contents


75.5 May

*     The Watergate Scandal inquiry started.

Contents


75.6 Sep

11.  President Allende of Chile was killed after a Military coup led by General Pinochet.
*     Air battles go on between Israel and Syria.

Contents


75.7 Oct

6.   Syria and Egypt attack Israel on Yom Kippur the Jewish holy day.
17.  Arab oil producing countries increase the price of oil by 70 per cent.

Contents


75.8 Nov

14.  Princess Anne and Mark Phillips are married.

Contents


75.9 Dec

17.  Britian announces a three day week.
20.  Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco Spain's Prime Minister was assassinated.  In an explosion, his car was hurled over a 5 storey building landing on a balcony on the otherside.  ETA claimed responsibility.

Contents


75.10 Review

*

Contents


75.11 Cars


Contents


76. 1974


Contents


76.1 Jan

31.  Samuel Goldwyn the film producer died.

Contents


76.2 Feb

11.  The capital of Cambodia, Phnom Penh was shelled by the Communists.

Contents


76.3 Mar

3.   A Turkish Airline DC-10 crashed in France killing 344 people.  200 of the passengers were British.

Contents


76.4 Apr

2.   Georges Pompidou President of France died.

Contents


76.5 May

18.  India tests their first nuclear bomb.
24.  Duke Ellington the jazz musician died aged 75.
*     Fighting continues between the Arabs and Israelis.

Contents


76.6 Jun

2.   An explosion at Fixborough chemical plant kills 55 people.
17.  The IRA bomb the Houses of Parliament.

Contents


76.7 Jul

1.   The President of Argentina Juan Peron died aged 78.
17.  The IRA bomb the Tower of London.
24.  Turkish troops invade Cyprus.

Contents


76.8 Aug

8.   President Nixon resigns over the Watergate scandal.
9.   Gerald Ford becomes US President.

Contents


76.9 Sep

12.  Haile Selassie is overthrown as Emperor of Etheopia in a coup.

Contents


76.10 Oct

5.   The IRA bomb 2 Pubs in Guildford killing 5 people.

Contents


76.11 Nov

21.  The IRA bomb 2 Pubs in Birmingham killing 17 people.
*     The hunt starts for Lord Lucan for allegedly murdering the nanny.

Contents


76.12 Review

*

Contents


76.13 Cars

*     Aston Martin is declared insolvent and car production ceases.

Contents


77. 1975


Contents


77.1 Jan

16.  Angola gets independence from the Portuguese
*     Khmer Rouge attack Cmbodia's capital Phnom Penh.

Contents


77.2 Feb

28.  Forty two people die in tube crash at Moorgate.

Contents


77.3 Mar

25.  King Faisal of Saudi Arabia was assassinated by his nephew.
29.  Da Nang in South Vietnam fell to the North Vietnamese.

Contents


77.4 Apr

10.  Josephine Baker the entertainer died aged 68.
17.  Cambodia is taken over by Communists.
31.  Saigon falls to the North Vietnamese, the war is over.  All Americans are evacuated.

Contents


77.5 Jun

5.   The Suez Canal reopens after 8 years.

Contents


77.6 Jul

19.  The first link-up in space by 2 spacecraft.  The US Apollo and the Soviet Soyuz.
*     The "Terra Cotta army" was discovered in China.

Contents


77.7 Sep

28.  Five Basque terrorists were executed in Spain.
*     Civil war breaks out in Beirut between Christians and Moslems.

Contents


77.8 Nov

20.  General Franco the Dictator leader of Spain dies.
22.  Don Juan Carlos becomes King of Spain.
24.  Civil war breaks out in Angola.
*     Spain gives up Spanish Sahara.

Contents


77.9 Review

*    Dutch Elm disease sweeps through Britain.
*     Thousands of people were worked to death in the fields and executed in Cambodia.  One of the worlds worst cases of Genocide.  Final death toll was over 1 million people.

Contents


77.10 Cars

*     British Leyland Motor Corporation becomes British Leyland in which the government hold 99.8 per cent of the shares.
*     Aston Martin was bought for £1.5 million by the American Peter Sprague

Contents


78. 1976


Contents


78.1 Jan

13.  Agatha Christie the author died aged 85.
21.  Concorde began serpersonic air travel with BA flight from London to Bahrain in 3 hours 38 minutes and an Air France flight to Rio de Janeiro.

Contents


78.2 Feb

23.  L.S.Lowry the artist died.

Contents


78.3 Apr

5.   James Callaghan becomes British Prime Minister after Harold Wilson's resignation.
5.   Howard Hughes the aviator died aged 70.

Contents


78.4 May

*     Fighting continues in the Lebanon.

Contents


78.5 Jun

*     Soweto, South Africa sees three days of rioting.

Contents


78.6 Jul

4.   One hundred hostages held by Palestinians at Entebbe airport in Uganda were rescued by the Israelis.
*     Montreal host the Olympic Games.

Contents


78.7 Sep

9.   Mao Tse-tung leader of Communist China died aged 82.
*     Briton suffers droughts.

Contents


78.8 Nov

2.  Jimmy Carter becomes US President.

Contents


78.9 Dec

5.   Benjamin Britten the musician died aged 65.

Contents


78.10 Review

*

Contents


78.11 Cars

*     Jensen ceases production.

Contents


79. 1977


Contents


79.1 Feb

*     Fighting continues in Rhodesia.  White missionaries were killed by African guerrilla gang.
*     Idi Amin's 6 year reign of terror continues in Uganda.

Contents


79.2 Mar

27.  574 people were killed at Tenerife airport when 2 Jumbo jets belonging to KLM and Pan Am collided.

Contents


79.3 Apr

*     The Alpha Bravo oil rig blows out in the North Sea.

Contents


79.4 Jun

6.   Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II.
15.  Spain hold their first elections for 41 years.
16.  Von Braun the rocket scientist died aged 65.

Contents


79.5 Aug

3.   Archbishop makarios of Cyprus died.
16.  Elvis Presley King of Rock'n Roll died aged 42.
19.  Groucho Marx of the Marx brothers died aged 86.

Contents


79.6 Sep

12.  Steve Biko a black leader in South Africa died in prison aged 30.
16.  Marc Bolan the singer in "T-Rex" died.
26.  Freddie Laker starts "Skytrain".

Contents


79.7 Oct

14.  Bing Crosby the singer died aged 75.
18.  SAS and German anti-terrorist squad free hi-jacked plane and all it's pasengers at Mogadishu airport.

Contents


79.8 Dec

25.  Sir Charlie Chaplin the actor died aged 88.

Contents


79.9 Review

*     Many countries are taking in Vietnamese refugees.
*     The police increase efforts to catch the "Yorkshire Ripper".

Contents


79.10 Cars


Contents


80. 1978


Contents


80.1 Mar

14.  Israel attacks southern Lebanon.
*     The oil tanker Amoco Cadiz runs aground off the Brittany coast spilling 200,000 tons of crued oil.

Contents


80.2 May

9.   Aldo Moro a senior Italian statesman and former Prime Minister was killed by the Red Brigade.

Contents


80.3 Jul

11.  Two hundred holidaymakers died in a gas explosion on a campsite at San Carlos de la Rapita, Spain.
26.  First test tube baby is born

Contents


80.4 Aug

*     Pope Paul VI dies and is succeeded by John Paul I.

Contents


80.5 Sep

25.  A Pacific Southwest Airline 727 collided with a light aircraft over San Diego killing 135 pasengers and people on the ground.
30.  Pope John Paul died.

Contents


80.6 Oct

16.  Cardinal Karol Wojtyla of Poland is declared Pope, taking the name of John Paul II. The first non-Italian since 1542.
*     Fighting continues in Rhodesia.

Contents


80.7 Nov

29.  913 people of an American religious cult committed suicide in Guyana

Contents


80.8 Dec

8.   Golda Meir the Prime Minister of Israel died aged 80.
10.  Millions of Iranians demonstrated across Iran for the abdication of the Shah.

Contents


80.9 Review

*

Contents


80.10 Cars


Contents


81. 1979


Contents


81.1 Jan

8.   Vietnamese drive out the Khmer Rouge and take over the capital Phnom Penh.
16.  Supporters of the Ayatollah Khomeini depose the Shah of Iran.

Contents


81.2 Feb

1.   Ayatollah Khomeini returns to Iran.

Contents


81.3 Mar

30.  An IRA bomb kills Airey Neave.
31.  Atomic leak scare at Three Mile Island, US.

Contents


81.4 Apr

*     Horrors of the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia are revealed.

Contents


81.5 May

4.   Margaret Thatcher becomes Britain's first woman Prime Minister.

Contents


81.6 Jun

11.  John Wayne the actor died aged 72.

Contents


81.7 Jul

20.  General Somozo of Nicaragua went into exile after civil war in the country.

Contents


81.8 Aug

19.  Pol Pot the leader of the Khmer Rouge was condemned to death for the genocide of the Cambodian people.
27.  Earl Mountbatten is killed by an IRA bomb.
*     Sebastian Coe breaks 3 world records.

Contents


81.9 Sep

*     The "Yorkshire Ripper" kills a 12 victim.

Contents


81.10 Nov

4.   One hundred people were taken hostage by Ayatollah Khomeini supporters at the American Embassy in Tehran.

Contents


81.11 Dec

10.  Mother Teresa wins Nobel Peace Prize.
27.  The Soviet invade Afghanistan.
*     Peace deal is signed for Zimbabwe.

Contents


81.12 Review

*     From 1975, 1 million people were murdered by the Khmer Rouge under the leadership of Pol Pot.
*     From 1971, 300,000 people were murdered  in Uganda under the leadership of Idi Amin.

Contents


81.13 Cars


Contents


82. 1980


Contents


82.1 Apr

18.  Zimbabwe gets independence, Britain's last African colony.
25.  A US attempt to rescue the Embassy hostages in Iran failed.
29.  Alfred Hitchcock the film director died aged 80.

Contents


82.2 May

5.   SAS rescued 19 hostages in the Iranian Embassy in London.
4.   Marshal Tito President of Yugoslavia died.
19.  Mount St. Helens in the US erupted.

Contents


82.3 Jun

12.  Sir Billy Butlin head of Butlin's holiday camps died aged 80.

Contents


82.4 Jul

24.  Peter sellers the comedian and actor died.
27.  The Shah of Iran died in exile in Cairo.
*     Moscow hosts the Olympic Games.

Contents


82.5 Aug

2.   Terrorist bomb kills 80 people at Bologna station in Italy.

Contents


82.6 Sep

*     Iraq attacks oil installations in Iraq.

Contents


82.7 Oct

11.  Two Earthquakes hit Algeria killing thousands of people.

Contents


82.8 Nov

7.   Steve McQueen the actor died.
22.  Mae West the actress died.

Contents


82.9 Dec

8.   John Lennon of the Beatles was shot dead in New York.

Contents


82.10 Review

*

Contents


82.11 Cars

*     Rolls Royce merge with Vickers.
*     The last Triumph Spitfire was built at Canley, 314,342 were produced.
*     The last MGB was built at Abingdon over half a million were produced.

Contents


83. 1981


Contents


83.1 Jan

21.  US Embassy hostages in Teheran were released.
*     Peter Sutcliffe is charged with murder ending the long search for the Yorkshire Ripper.

Contents


83.2 Feb

23.  Right-wing Guardia Civil stage an attempted coup in Spain, taking over the Cortes.

Contents


83.3 Mar

23.  Mike Hailwood the motor-cycle champion was killed in a car accident.
30.  An assassination attempt was made on President Reagan.

Contents


83.4 Apr

3.   Riots break out in Brixton, UK.

Contents


83.5 May

10.  Francois Mitterand becomes President of France.
11. Bob Marley the Reggae singer died aged 36.
13.  A Turkish gunman attempts to assassinate the Pope.
*     Rioting in Belfast, following hunger strike and death of Bobby Sands in the Maze prison.

Contents


83.6 Jul

17.  Israelis bomb Beruit.
29.  Prince Charles marries Lady Diana Spencer.
*     Riots take place in British cities following the Brixton riots.

Contents


83.7 Oct

6.   Anwar Sadat of Egypt was assassinated.

Contents


83.8 Dec

20.  The Penlee lifeboat went down with a loss of 8 crew in it's attempt to rescue people from the ship Union Star.  A further 8 people died.
*     Martial law is declared in Poland over trade union activists

Contents


83.9 Review

*

Contents


83.10 Cars


Contents


84. 1982


Contents


84.1 Jan

13.  Air Florida plane crashed into the Potomac River in Washington, 78 people died.

Contents


84.2 Feb

4.   Laker Airways collapsed

Contents


84.3 Mar

4.   The Barbican Centre opens in London.

Contents


84.4 Apr

2.   Argentina invades Falkland Islands.
5.   The Task Force leaves for the Falklands.  A huge convoy of ships left Portsmouth meeting up with others from Plymouth and Gibralter.  Amongst them the 2 carriers HMS Hermes and Invinsible.

Contents


84.5 May

*     Battles take place on sea and land for the recapture of the Falklands.  Britain losses HMS Sheffield and HMS Coventry was hit.  Argentina loses battle at Goose Green and the ship Belgrano was sunk.

Contents


84.6 Jun

14.  British capture Port Stanley and Argentinians surrender.
21.  Princess Diana gives birth to Prince William.
*     Fighting continues in the Lebanon.

Contents


84.7 Jul

20.  IRA explode a bomb at Hyde Park, London killing 2 guardsmen and 7 army horses.

Contents


84.8 Aug

12.  Henry Fonda the actor died aged 77.
29.  Ingrid Bergman the actress died aged 67.
*     Israelis drive the PLO out of Beirut.

Contents


84.9 Sep

15.  Princess Grace of Monaco was killed in car accident she was 52.
*     Civilians are massacred in refugee camps in Beirut.  Peace keeping force moves in.

Contents


84.10 Nov

10.  Leonid Brezhnev the Soviet Leader died aged 75.

Contents


84.11 Dec

12.  Anti-cruise missile demonstration took place on Greenham Common.

Contents


84.12 Review

*

Contents


84.13 Cars


Contents


85. 1983


Contents


85.1 Feb

*     Iranian forces move into Iraq.

Contents


85.2 Apr

1.   More anti-cruise protests at Greenham common.
19.  Bomb destroys US Embassy in Beirut.

Contents


85.3 May

*     Mount Etna erupts.

Contents


85.4 Jun

10.  Margaret Thatcher is re-elected as Prime Minister.

Contents


85.5 Jul

29.  David Niven the actor died aged 72.

Contents


85.6 Aug

6.   The Spanish oil tanker Castillo de Belver carrying 200,000 tons of crude oil caught fire and split in two off South Africa

Contents


85.7 Sep

*     A Soviet plane shot down a Korean Airline 747 off Siberia, 269 people died.

Contents


85.8 Oct

4.   Richard Noble breaks the land speed record at Bonneville flats at 633.46 mph
23.  Two suicide attacks on peace keeping forces in Beirut killed 241 US marines and 58 French Paratroopers.
*     US invades Grenada.

Contents


85.9 Nov

26.  A gang stole £25 million in gold bars at the Brinks-Mat warehouse at Heathrow.

Contents


85.10 Dec

17.  The IRA explode a bomb outside Harrods in London.
*     Yassir Arafat is forced to leave Lebanon.

Contents


85.11 Review

*     Compact discs were launched

Contents


85.12 Cars


Contents


86. 1984


Contents


86.1 Feb

14.  Jane Torvill and Cristopher Dean win Olympic gold for ice dancing

Contents


86.2 Mar

*     Scientist warn of the greenhouse effect.

Contents


86.3 Apr

22.  UK expels Libyans
23.  The AIDS virus is discovered.
26.  Count Basie the jazz pianist dies aged 79

Contents


86.4 May

19.  Sir John Betjemin the poet dies aged 78.
29.  Eric Morecombe the comedian dies aged 58.
29.  Violence errupts in South Yorkshire with the miners strike which has been going for 12 weeks.

Contents


86.5 Jun

*     Childhood Leukaemia scare around the Sellafield reprocessing plant.

Contents


86.6 Jul

9.   700 year old York Minster burns after lightning strike.
27.  James Mason the actor dies aged 75.

Contents


86.7 Aug

15.  J. B. Priestley the novelist dies aged 89.
*     The Los Angeles Olympics open.
28.  French ship carrying 450 tons of uranium sunk in the North Sea.

Contents


86.8 Oct

12.  Bomb explodes at the Grand Hotel in Brighton, where the Tory party conference was being held.  Three people were killed.
31.  Mrs Gandhi Prime Minister of India was assassinated.

Contents


86.9 Nov

*     Two people have died in Britain after receiving blood transfusions.
19.  260 people have died in a gas explosion in Mexico City.

Contents


86.10 Dec

10.  Bishop Tutu of Johannesburg won the Nobel peace prize for his fight against Apartheid.
10.  Chemical leak at factory in Bhopal, India kills over 2000 people.
14.  Band Aid record "Do they know it's Christmas" raises money for famine in Africa.

Contents


86.11 Review

*

Contents


86.12 Cars

*     Jaguar cars are privatised.

Contents


87. 1985


Contents


87.1 Jan

*     Arctic weather in the Mediterranean.

Contents


87.2 Feb

4.  The border between Spain and Gibralter is open after 16 yrs.

Contents


87.3 Mar

11.  Mikhai Gorbachev becomes leader of the Soviet Union.

Contents


87.4 May

11.  Fire at Bradford City football ground killing 40 fans.
28.  Tidal wave and cyclone hits Bangladesh
29.  41 football supporters die after riot at Heysal Stadium Brussels.

Contents


87.5 Jun

23.  Air India 747 explodes in mid-air over Irish Sea killing 325 people.

Contents


87.6 Jul

7.  Boris Becker wins Wimbledon at 17.
7.  Live Aid.  Two pop concerts raised £40 million for Africa's famine.
10. Greanpeace's ship Rainbow Warrior was hit by 2 explosions in Auckland harbour killing 1 person.

Contents


87.7 Aug

22.  Air crash at Manchester airport kills 54 people.  A further two crashes happened in the same month, a Japanese 747 crashed in Japan killing 517 and Delta airlines at Fort Worth killed 140 people.

Contents


87.8 Sep

17.  Laura Ashley the fashion designer dies at 60
22.  Earthquake hits Mexico City
22.  France admits responsibility for the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior.

Contents


87.9 Oct

2.  Rock Hudson the film actor dies at 59.
10.  Orsen Wells the film maker dies at 70

Contents


87.10 Nov

15.  Anglo-Irish deal signed in Ulster

Contents


87.11 Review

*

Contents


87.12 Cars

*     Sir Clive Sinclair unveils the C5.

Contents


88. 1986


Contents


88.1 Jan

20.  Britain and France give the go ahead to the Channel Tunnel.
28.  Space shuttle Challenger explodes seconds after lift-off.

Contents


88.2 Feb

25.  Marcos flees Manila, Aquino installed as President.
28.  Olaf Palme Prime Minster of Sweden was assassinated.
*     Halley's comet comes it's closest to the sun on it's 75 year visit.

Contents


88.3 Apr

2.  Bomb exploded in mid-air on a TWA flight to Athens kiling 4 people.
15.  US air strike against Libya.
24.  Duchess of Windsor dies aged 89.
26.  Nuclear reactor catches fire at Chernobyl power station in the Ukraine.

Contents


88.4 Jun

12.  South Africa declares state of emergency.

Contents


88.5 Aug

27.  Rioting breaks out in black township  of Soweto 12 dead and 70 injured.

Contents


88.6 Sep

8.  Nissan open a car plant in Sunderland.

Contents


88.7 Nov

22.  Mike Tyson gains WBC world heavyweight title.
30.  Cary Grant the film actor dies aged 82.

Contents


88.8 Dec

Super light plane sets record for non-stop flight round the world 9 days 3mins. 44 secs.

Contents


88.9 Review

*

Contents


88.10 Cars

*     The first car leaves the new Nissan factory in Sunderland.
*     Ford buys Lotus.
*     BL builds the 5 millionth Mini.

Contents


89. 1987


Contents


89.1 Jan

1.  The Archbishop of Canterbury's envoy Terry Wait was kidnapped in Beirut.

Contents


89.2 Feb

16.  War crimes trial begins in Jerusalem of John Demjanjuk.

Contents


89.3 Mar

3.  Danny Kaye the comedian died.
6.  "The Herald of Free Enterprise" capsizes off Zeebrugge, many people die.

Contents


89.4 Jun

22.  Fred Astaire the actor/dancer died

Contents


89.5 Jul

3.   Klaus Barber the "Butcher of Lyon" gets a life sentence.
*     Over 700 people die in Greece from heatwave.

Contents


89.6 Aug

20.  The Hungerford massacre 14 dead
28.  John Huston the film director died aged 81.

Contents


89.7 Sep

*     Iran lays mines in the gulfs main shipping lanes.

Contents


89.8 Oct

15.  Fiji leaves the Commonwealth
16.  Hurricane hits British isles, 110 mph. gusts.
19.  Black Monday, the Stock Market crashes

Contents


89.9 Nov

8.   IRA explode bomb at Rememberance day parade at Enniskillen killing 11 people.
19.  30 people die in Kings Cross tube station fire

Contents


89.10 Review

*     Van Gogh's "Sunflowers" sold for £24 million at Christies.

Contents


89.11 Cars

*     Ford acquires 75 per cent of Aston Martin.

Contents


90. 1988


Contents


90.1 Mar

6.   Three IRA terrorists were shot dead in Gibralter suspected of plotting a bombing.  64 kilos of explosives were found in thier hire car in Marbella.
16.  Loyalist gunman opens fire on mourners at IRA funeral killing 3 and injuring 50.

Contents


90.2 Jul

3.   US warship shoots down Iranian civil airliner in the Gulf, killing 290 passengers.
6.   The North Sea oil rig, Piper Alpha explodes killing more than 150 workers.

Contents


90.3 Aug

8.   The Iran - Iraq war ends.
28.  An Italian air force jet crashes at air show in West Germany.
*     Seoul host the Olympic Games.

Contents


90.4 Sep

*     Bangladesh is hit by floods 20 million people are homeless.

Contents


90.5 Oct

*     The Turin Shroud turns out to be a fake.

Contents


90.6 Nov

8.   George Bush becomes US President.

Contents


90.7 Dec

7.   Armenia suffers earthquake, 100,000 people are killed.
12.  Commuter train crash at Clapham Junction, 36 people die.
22.  Pan Am flight 103 exploded over Lockerbie, Scotland killing 270 passengers and 11 people on the ground.

Contents


90.8 Review

*

Contents


90.9 Cars

*     British Aerospace buy Rover.

Contents


91. 1989


Contents


91.1 Jan

7.   Emperor Hirohito of Japan died aged 82.  He was Emperor for 62 years.
8.  British Midland jet crashed near Kegworth killing 44 passengers and 8 crew.

Contents


91.2 Feb

15.  Ayatollah Khomeini ordered the death of Salman Rushdie for writing the Satanic Verses.
15.  Soviets get out of Afghanistan.

Contents


91.3 Mar

24.  The oil tanker Exxon Valdez ran aground off Alaska spilling 12 million gallons of crude oil.

Contents


91.4 Apr

15.  96 football supporters die at the Hillsborough Stadium disaster.

Contents


91.5 Jun

4.   Many student demonstrators were killed in the Tiananmen Square massacre in China.
4.   Ayatollah Khomeini died aged 86.

Contents


91.6 Jul

11.  Laurence Olivier the actor died aged 82.

Contents


91.7 Aug

20.  Many people died when a pleasure boat the "Marchioness" was hit by the dredger "Bowbelle" in the Thames.
25.  Pictures are sent back from Voyager II of Neptune's moon Triton.

Contents


91.8 Sep

11.  Hungary opens it's border with Austria allowing East Germans to flea to the West.
21.  America is hit by hurricane "Hugo".
22.  IRA bomb kills 10 bandsmen in Deal, Kent.
*     Vietnam leaves Cambodia.

Contents


91.9 Oct

5.   The Dalai Lama receives the nobel peace prize.
19.  Earthquake hits San Francisco killing more than 250 people.
20.  The Guildford 4 are freed after 14 years.

Contents


91.10 Nov

10.  At 11 pm the Brandenburg Gates were opened and the Berlin Wall no longer has any significance.

Contents


91.11 Dec

25.  The dictator of Romania, Nicholae Ceausescus and his wife wer executed.
*     US invades Panama.

Contents


91.12 Review

*

Contents


91.13 Cars

*     Ford buy out Jaguar for £1.6 billion

Contents


92. 1990


Contents


92.1 Feb

2.   F.W.de Klerk lifts ban on anti-apartheid political parties and organisations.
11.  Nelson Mandela was set free after 27 years in prison.

Contents


92.2 Mar

15.  Iraqis hang British journalist for spying.
*     Demonstrations in London against the Poll Tax.

Contents


92.3 Apr

1.   Riots break out in Stangeways prison in Manchester.
15.  Greta Garbo the film actress died aged 84.

Contents


92.4 May

16.  Sammy Davis Jr. the entertainer died.
28.  Two Australians were shot dead in Holland by IRA.  The shooting was a mistake as they were beleived to be British Servicemen.
30.  Boris Yeltsin was elected President of Russia.

Contents


92.5 Jun

2.   Rex Harrison the actor died.
22.  Earthquake hits northern Iran killing many thousands of people.

Contents


92.6 Jul

13.  Boris Yeltsin resigns from the Communist Party.
30.  Ian Gow the Conservative MP was murdered by an IRA car bomb.

Contents


92.7 Aug

2.   Iraq invades Kuwait.
23.  Brian Keenan who was held hostage in the Lebanon for 4 years, was freed.

Contents


92.8 Sep

*     UN impose sanctions on Iraq.

Contents


92.9 Oct

8.   Israelis shoot 21 Palestinians in riots in Jerusalem.
3.   Reunification, Germany becomes a single country.

Contents


92.10 Nov

9.   Mary Robinson becomes Ireland's first female Prime Minister.
12.  Japan's new Emperor Akihito is enthroned.
22.  Magaret Thatcher resigns.

Contents


92.11 Dec

1.   Two sides of the Channel Tunnel met.
9.   Lech Walesa becomes the first elected President of Poland.
10.  Iraq frees foreign hostages.

Contents


92.12 Review

*

Contents


92.13 Cars


Contents


93. 1991


Contents


93.1 Jan

17.  Operation "Dessert Storm" was launched as the deadline passed for Saddam Hussein to get out of Kuwait.
*     Iraq fires "Scud" missiles on Israel.

Contents


93.2 Feb

7.   The IRA fire a mortar bomb into the garden of 10 Downing Street.
21.  Dame Margot Fonteyn the ballerina died aged 71.
27.  The Gulf war ends.  Kuwait is liberated.

Contents


93.3 Mar

14.  The Birmingham Six were released.

Contents


93.4 Apr

*     Kurds flee from Saddam Hussein.

Contents


93.5 Aug

19.  President Gorbachev, the Soviet leader was toppled after a coup
*     Communism ends in Russia.

Contents


93.6 Nov

5.   Robert Maxwell the newspaper tycoon was found drowned.

Contents


93.7 Dec

4.   The American Terry Anderson was freed after being held for 6½ years by terrorists in Lebanon.
25.  Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as Soviet President, as Soviet Union dissolves.

Contents


93.8 Review

*    An agreement was signed by President Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev to reduce nuclear arms.

Contents


93.9 Cars


Contents


94. 1992


Contents


94.1 Mar

*     Britain has it's worst drought since 1745.

Contents


94.2 Apr

20.  Benny Hill the comedian died.

Contents


94.3 May

6.   Marlene Dietrich singer/actress died.
23.  Giovanni Falcone one of Italy's top anti-Mafia judges was killed by a car bomb.
*    Race riots in Los Angeles.

Contents


94.4 Jun

7.   The book "Diana" by Andrew Morton was published.
14.  The Rio Earth Summit.

Contents


94.5 Jul

*     Barcelona hosts the Olympic Games.

Contents


94.6 Aug

*    Death camps are revealed in Serbia.
*    War rages in Bosnia.

Contents


94.7 Oct

4.   A Boeing 747 cargo plane crashes in a residential area near Schipol Airport, 70 people died and hundreds were injured.

Contents


94.8 Nov

3.   Bill Clinton becomes President of the US.
20.  Windsor Castle was badly damaged by fire.

Contents


94.9 Review

*

Contents


94.10 Cars

*     US car manufacturers Ford and General Motors make record losses.

Contents


95. 1993


Contents


95.1 Jan

5.   The oil tanker "Braer" ran aground off the Shetland Islands losing it's cargo of oil.

Contents


95.2 Feb

11.  Queen Elizabeth starts to pay income tax.
26.  A bomb went off in the World Trade Centre in New York.

Contents


95.3 Mar

20.  IRA bomb goes off in Warrington 2 children are killed and many people are injured.

Contents


95.4 Apr

24.  IRA bomb goes off in London killing 1 person.
*     Over 100 people were killed in the Waco seige.

Contents


95.5 Jun

9.   Crowned Prince Naruhito of Japan marries.

Contents


95.6 Jul

29.  John Demjanjuk who was on trial in Israel for Nazi war crimes was freed.

Contents


95.7 Aug

2.   UK ratifies the Maastricht treaty.

Contents


95.8 Sep

13.  A piece agreement was signed in Washington between Israel and PLO.

Contents


95.9 Oct

4.   A rebelion in Moscow against Boris Yeltsin was crushed by the army.  Much of the White house was destroyed by shell fire.
15.  President Frederik de Klerk and Nelson Mandela were jointly awarded the nobel Peace Prize for work in ending apartheid

Contents


95.10 Dec

22.  Aborigines in Australia won land rights for land lost during colonisation.

Contents


95.11 Review

*

Contents


95.12 Cars

*     General Motors produced the first hi-tech ground up electric car.  It clocked 183 mph and 0-60 mph in 8 secs.

Contents


96. 1994


Contents


96.1 Jan

17.  Los Angeles is hit by an earthquake.

Contents


96.2 Feb

*     Fighting continues in Sarajevo when a mortar bomb exploded in a market place killing 68 people and wounding many more.
25.  Gunman shoots 20 worshipers at the Ibrahim Mosque in Hebron, he was later beaten to death.

Contents


96.3 Apr

22.  Richard Nixon former US President died.
*     Thousands of people are being killed in tribal slaughter in Rwanda.

Contents


96.4 May

1.   Ayrton Senna the Brazilian racing driver was killed at Imola, San Morino.
10.  Nelson Mandela becomes President of South Africa.
*    The Channel tunnel was officially opened by the Queen and President Mitterrand. ?

Contents


96.5 Jul

1.   Yassir Arafat ends his exile from Palestine.

Contents


96.6 Aug

14.  The terrorist Carlos the Jackal was captured and in the hands of the French.
31.  A ceasefire is declared by the IRA.

Contents


96.7 Sep

28.  The Baltic ferry Estonia sank, 912 people were drowned.

Contents


96.8 Oct

20.  The Queen visits Russia.
20.  But Lancaster the actor died.

Contents


96.9 Dec

26.  French commandos storm a hijacked Air France A300 at Marseilles killing 4 Algerian Islamic fanatics.  Three of the hostages had previously been killed by hijackers.

Contents


96.10 Review

*    This year saw fighting in Rwanda where more than 1 million are believed to have been killed.
*     Michael Schumacher wins F1.

Contents


96.11 Cars

*     BMW buys Rover.

Contents


97. 1995


Contents


97.1 Jan

9.   Peter Cook the comedian died aged 57.
17.  An earthquake hit the city of Kobe in Japan killing more than 5,000 people.  The quake measured 7.2 on the Richter scale.

Contents


97.2 Feb

2.    Donald Pleasance the actor died.
*     Peace plan is threatened in Bosnia as fighting continues.

Contents


97.3 Mar

16.  Gerry Adams visits the White House.
20.  The Aim Shinrikyo cult carried out a gas attack on the Tokyo undergound.

Contents


97.4 Apr

19.  A bomb exploded in the Federal Building in Oklahoma killing 168 people.
25.  Ginger Rodgers the actress/dancer died.

Contents


97.5 May

2.   More fighting broke out in Zagreb between Serbs and Croats.
8.   The 50th anniversary of VE Day.
28.  Earthquake measuring 7.5 hits eastern Russia killing over 2000 people.

Contents


97.6 Jun

7.   Serbs release UN hostages.
10.  Asian riots in Bradford.
29.  A department store collapses in Seoul, South Korea killing 63 people.
29.  Lana Turner the actress died.
*     Vietnamese boat people riot in Hong Kong against being repatriated.

Contents


97.7 Jul

4.   More gas attacks in Tokyo stations.
17.  Juan Manuel Fangio the great racing driver died aged 84.
*    US space shuttle Atlantis linked up with the Russian space station Mir

Contents


97.8 Aug

6.   The 50 years since the first A-bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, 60,000 people congregate in the cities Peace Park to remember the dead.

Contents


97.9 Sep

28.  Israel give the Palestinians autonomy in the West Bank.

Contents


97.10 Nov

4.   Yitshak Rabin the Israeli Prime Minister was assassinated.
*     France carries out nuclear tests at Mururoa Atoll in the Pacific.

Contents


97.11 Dec

25.  Dean Martin the actor died aged 78.
27.  France carries out it's 5th nuclear test at Mururoa Atoll in the Pacific.

Contents


97.12 Review

*     After 4 years of fighting in the former Yugoslavia, peace talks begin.

Contents


97.13 Cars

*     Bertone's ZER set a new electric car record of 188 mph, 5 mph faster than General Motor's Impact.
*     The MGF is announced.

Contents


98. 1996


Contents


98.1 Jan

11.  François Mitterrand former President of France died aged 79.
20.  George Burns the comedian died aged 100.
*     Nato peacekeeping troops go into Bosnia.

Contents


98.2 Feb

10.  IRA explode a bomb in the Docklands, 2 people die.
12.  Peace rally goes on in Belfast.

Contents


98.3 Mar

12.  Dunblane, Scotland.  A gunman Thomas Hamilton went into a school shot 16 children and one teacher then shot himself.
*     British beef is banned after BSE scare.

Contents


98.4 Apr

29.  A gunman kills 34 people in Tasmanian massacre.

Contents


98.5 May

20.  Jon Pertwee the actor who played Dr. Who died aged 79.

Contents


98.6 Jun

5.   The second Severn bridge was opened.  At 3 miles long it is the longest  bridge in Britain.
15.  Ella Fitzgerald the singer died aged 79.
17.  Mt. Ruapehu in N.Z. erupted.

Contents


98.7 Jul

18.  TWA flight 800 explodes shortly after take-off from New York, 230 people were killed.

Contents


98.8 Aug

*    Atlanta hosts th Olympic Games were 1 person was killed and many injured after a bomb exploded.

Contents


98.9 Sep

3.   US fire missiles against Iraq.
24.  A nuclear test ban treaty was signed by Britain, France, USA, China and Russia.

Contents


98.10 Oct

4.   Volcano erupts in Iceland.

Contents


98.11 Nov

12.  Worst mid air collision in India kills 350 people.
19.  Fire broke out in the Channel Tunnel.
25.  Hijacked Ethiopian Airlines plane crashes in the sea when it ran out of fuel, killing 127 people.
27.  Michael Bentine the actor died agd 74.

Contents


98.12 Dec

17.  Extremist guerillas took 500 people hostage at the Japanese Ambassador's residence in Lima, Peru.
19.  Marcello Mastroianni the actor died aged 73.

Contents


98.13 Review

*

Contents


98.14 Cars

*     General Motors release EV1 the first electric production car of recent years, capable of 0-60 mph in 8.5 secs.
*     Lotus make a 200 bhp Electric Elise.

Contents


99. 1997


Contents


99.1 Feb

21.  The Bridgewater three were freed after 18 years, having been charged with the murder of the 13 year old newspaper boy Carl Bridgewater.

Contents


99.2 Mar

21.  Rev.W.Awrdy creator of Thomas the tank engine died aged 85.
*     Albania falls into anarchy.

Contents


99.3 Apr

22.  Commandos storm the Japanese ambassador's residence in Lima and freed the remaining 71 hostages.

Contents


99.4 May

2.   Tony Blair becomes Prime Minister.

Contents


99.5 Jun

25.  Jacques Cousteau the French underwater explorer died aged 87.
30.  Hong Kong is handed over to the Chinese.

Contents


99.6 Jul

1.   Robert Mitcham the actor died aged 79.
3.   James Stewart the actor died aged 89.
4.   The Pathfinder Probe lands on Mars.
15.  Gianni Versace the designer was shot dead in Miami.

Contents


99.7 Aug

4.   Jeanne Calment the oldest woman in the world died aged 122.
31.  Diana, Princess of Wales was killed in a car accident in Paris.

Contents


99.8 Sep

5.   Mother Teresa the Roman Catholic nun died aged 87.
6.   The funeral of the Princess of Wales was held at Westminster Abbey.
19.  An InterCity 125 collided with an empty freight train at Southall killing 6.
26.  Earthquakes hit Assisi in Italy.

Contents


99.9 Oct

15.  Andy Green broke the land speed record at 766.10 mph in Thrust SSC also breaking the sound barrier.
*    Forests in Sumatra are ablaze causing thick smoke to drift over Malaysia.

Contents


99.10 Nov

10.  Louise Woodward the au pair accused of killing the baby Matthew Eappen was freed.
17.  58 tourists were killed in a terrorist attack at a temple in Egypt.
22.  Michael Hutchinson lead singer of INXS died aged 37.

Contents


99.11 Dec

1.   Stephane Grapelli the jazz violinist died aged 89.
11.  The Royal Yacht Britannia was decommisioned.
20.   Gerry Adams goes to No. 10 first Republican to go to Downing Street in 76 years.

Contents


99.12 Review

*

Contents


99.13 Cars

*     Scientists find a way of producing electricity from petrol for use in fuel cells for electric cars.
*     The "zero" an American built electric sports by Cocconi with 220 hp. can do 0-60 mph in 4.9 secs.  Top speed is governed at 87 mph.

Contents


100. 1998


Contents


100.1 Feb

3.   A cable car wire was sliced by a jet at a ski resort in northern Italy, killing 20 people.
4.   El Niño storm hits the US west coast.
8.   Enoch Powell the politician died aged 85.

Contents


100.2 Mar

5.   Evidence of water on the moon, has been found  by space probe.
*     Fighting continues in Kosovo.
*     President Clinton faces sex allegations.

Contents


100.3 Apr

10.  New Good Friday peace deal in Ireland.
17.  Linda McCartney wife of Paul McCartney died aged 56.
16.  Pol Pot leader of the Khmer Rouge died.
*     Japan's economy on the brink of collapse.
*     UK, major floods hit the Midlands.

Contents


100.4 May

14.  Frank Sinatra the singer and actor died aged 82.
20.  President Suharto of Indonesia steps down after 30 years.
*     Parkistan test 5 nuclear devices, in retaliation for India carrying out similar tests.

Contents


100.5 Jun

3.     A 125 mph rail crash in Germany kills more than 100 people.
11.  Catherine Cookson the author died aged 91.

Contents


100.6 Aug

7.   Two bombs exploded simultaneously outside US Embassies in Nairobi and Dar-es-Salaam killing more 250 people.
15.  Bomb exploded in Omagh, Ireland killing 28 people.

Contents


100.7 Sep

3.   Swissair McDonald Douglas MD-11 crashed of Novia Scotia killing all 229 on board.
21.  Florence Joyner "Flo-Jo" the American sprinter died of a heart attack aged 38.
*     Iran lifts Salmon Rushdie death sentence.

Contents


100.8 Oct

2.   Gene Autry the movie cowboy died aged 91.
*     General Pinochet of Chile is arrested in London. The Spanish Government want to extradite him. and put him on trial for murder and torture.

Contents


100.9 Nov

1.    Mika Hakkinen is Fomula 1 Champion, driving for Mclaren.

Contents


100.10 Dec

16.  US and British air strikes start in Iraq.

Contents


100.11 Review

*     The drug Viagra goes on sale.

Contents


100.12 Cars


Contents


101. 1999


Contents


101.1 Feb

7.   King Hussein of Jordan died.

Contents


101.2 Mar

3.   Dusty Springfield the singer died.
12.  Yehudi Menuhin the violinst died.
15.  N.Ireland lawyer Rosemary Nelson was killed by car bomb.
16.  Corruption scandal in Euro Parliament..
20.  British and Swiss ballonists circumnavigated the globe.

Contents


101.3 Review

*

Contents


101.4 Cars