Contents


Contents


1. Reformatted from the original Psion file world.s5 from

http://3lib.ukonline.co.uk/pocketinfo/index.html

by 

Bob Hepple, bhepple@freeshell.org, Nov 2002

Contents


2. Afghanistan


Capital:             Kabul
GMT-offset:          +4:30
Currency:            100 puls = 1 afghani
ISO code:            AFA
Currency rate:       7,953·40
Dial code:           93
Population:          16,450,000
Area:                649,507 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            AFG
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 11955,  15575,  15310
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Recommended
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Vets are good and treat people here
Notes:               

Contents


3. Albania


Capital:             Tiranë
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 quarts = 1 lek
ISO code:            ALL
Currency rate:       292·183
Dial code:           355 (42)
Population:          3,335,000
Area:                28,749 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            AL
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 12095, 15070, 12095
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate reqd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Fairly Safe
Health care:         Hospitals safe and free
Notes:               Independence (Turkey): 1912

Contents


4. Algeria


Capital:             Algiers
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            Dinar
ISO code:            DZD
Currency rate:       98·1588
Dial code:           213 (2)
Population:          26,022,000
Area:                2,381,740 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            DZ
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15575, 17705, 12095
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Some licences recognized - otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Recommended
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe in main towns
Health care:         Hospitals free but dirty. Private consultations from 200 DZD
Notes:               Independence (France): 1962

Contents


5. Andorra


Capital:             Andorra la Vella
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            French Francs, Spanish Pesetas
ISO code:            
Currency rate:       
Dial code:           376
Population:          53,000
Area:                487 km2
Religion:            Catholic
Language:            AND
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   
Driving license:     
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         
Notes:               

Contents


6. Angola


Capital:             Luanda
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            Kwanza (readj)
ISO code:            AON
Currency rate:       329,721·1
Dial code:           244 (2)
Population:          8,668,000
Area:                1,246,700 km2
Religion:            
Language:            Portugese
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 17885, 21660, 17880
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Recommended
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Not Safe
Health care:         Free but inadequate, nothing outside Luanda other than ICRC or MSF
Notes:               The Country is littered with land mines and generally unsafe outside Luanda. Extreme caution should be excercised in terms of personal security too. Independence (Portugal): 1975

Contents


7. Antigua & Barbuda


Capital:             St John's
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 East Caribbean  Dollar
ISO code:            XCD
Currency rate:       4·5209   2·7 EC$=1US$
Dial code:           1 809
Population:          64,000
Area:                443 km2
Religion:            
Language:            English
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15220, 6195, 9915
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Show own permit for issue of local one at police
Cholera:             Independence (Britain): 1981
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         
Notes:               

Contents


8. Argentina


Capital:             Buenos Aires
GMT-offset:          -3:00
Currency:            100centavos = 1 peso
ISO code:            ARS
Currency rate:       1·6737
Dial code:           54 (1)
Population:          32,664,000
Area:                2,776,661 km2
Religion:            Catholic
Language:            Spanish
Car code:            RA
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15190, 15260, 11750
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Recommended
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe in main towns
Health care:         High standard generally
Notes:               Independence (Spain): 1810

Contents


9. Armenia


Capital:             Jerevan
GMT-offset:          +4:00
Currency:            Dram
ISO code:            RUR
Currency rate:       853·525
Dial code:           374 (2)
Population:          3,283,000
Area:                29,800 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: try 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         
Notes:               

Contents


10. Aruba


Capital:             
GMT-offset:          
Currency:            Florin
ISO code:            
Currency rate:       2·9972
Dial code:           297
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   
Driving license:     
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         
Notes:               

Contents


11. Australia


Capital:             Canberra
GMT-offset:          +10:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 dollar
ISO code:            AUD
Currency rate:       2·2626
Dial code:           61 (6)
Population:          17,288,000
Area:                7,682,300 km2
Religion:            
Language:            English
Car code:            AUS
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15340, 11955, 17830
Visa Requirements:   Yes UK, US, Canada
Driving license:     All accepted, but IDP preferred
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         High standards - expensive but free emergency treatment for UK nationals
Notes:               Largest city and former capital, Sydney (2). Independence (Britain): 1901

Contents


12. Austria


Capital:             Vienna
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 groschen = 1 schilling
ISO code:            SCS
Currency rate:       21·0955
Dial code:           43 (1)
Population:          7,666,000
Area:                83,851
Religion:            
Language:            German
Car code:            A
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15575, 15070, 9410
Visa Requirements:   No up to 3 months
Driving license:     US,UK,NZ CAN,AUS OK
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Excellent
Notes:               EEA

Contents


13. Azerbaijan


Capital:             Baku
GMT-offset:          +4:00
Currency:            Manat
ISO code:            ?
Currency rate:       6,644·02
Dial code:           994 (12)
Population:          7,029,000
Area:                86,600 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: try 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Check
Yellow fever:        Check
Typhoid:             Check
Malaria:             Check
Polio:               Check
Water Quality:       Check
Health care:         Check
Notes:               

Contents


14. Azores


Capital:             Ponta Delgada
GMT-offset:          -1:00
Currency:            Port. Escudos
ISO code:            PTE
Currency rate:       302·815
Dial code:           351 (96)
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:    Check
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Free to UK nationals
Notes:               

Contents


15. Bahamas


Capital:             Nassau
GMT-offset:          -5:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 dollar
ISO code:            BSD
Currency rate:       1·6744    = 1US$)
Dial code:           1 809
Population:          252,000
Area:                13,939 km2
Religion:            
Language:            English
Car code:            BS
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15220, 6195, 9915
Visa Requirements:   No, up to 3 months
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         OK but low standard - fly to Miami for anything but basic treatment
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1973

Contents


16. Bahrain


Capital:             Al Manamah
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            Dinar
ISO code:            BHD
Currency rate:       0·6313
Dial code:           973
Population:          537,000
Area:                622 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            BRN
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15070, 15575, 1413
Visa Requirements:   Yes except UK (up to 6 months)
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Recommended
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Recommended
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         OK in hotels, government hospitals free, private pratice very expensive
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1971

Contents


17. Bangladesh


Capital:             Dhaka
GMT-offset:          +6:00
Currency:            Taka
ISO code:            BDT
Currency rate:       73·0876
Dial code:           880 (2)
Population:          116,601,000
Area:                142,776km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            BD
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15380, 17790, 15310
Visa Requirements:   Yes except US (up to 6 months)
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Variable
Notes:               Independence (Pakistan): 1972

Contents


18. Barbados


Capital:             Bridgetown
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 dollar
ISO code:            BBD
Currency rate:       3·3677
Dial code:           1 809
Population:          255,000
Area:                430 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            BDS
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15220, 6195, 9915
Visa Requirements:   No except US & Canada
Driving license:     BBD 30 fee for foreign licence recognition
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe - but not after floods
Health care:         Excellent facilities, private and general
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1966

Contents


19. Belgium


Capital:             Brussels
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 franc
ISO code:            BEF
Currency rate:       61·9193
Dial code:           32 (2)
Population:          9,922,000
Area:                30,513 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            B
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 6195, 9750, 9410
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Most OK or IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Excellent but expensive, reciprocal agreement with UK
Notes:               Independence: 21 July 1830

Contents


20. Belize


Capital:             Belmopan
GMT-offset:          -6:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 dollar
ISO code:            BZD
Currency rate:       3·3488   =½ US Dollar
Dial code:           501 (8)
Population:          228,000
Area:                22,966 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            BH
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No - return ticket required
Driving license:     All OK up to 3 months
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Recommended
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Facilities OK
Notes:               Largest City: Belize City (2). Independence (Britain): 1981. Formerly British Honduras.

Contents


21. Benin


Capital:             Porto Novo
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 CFA Franc
ISO code:            XOF
Currency rate:       1,013·10  =0·01 Fr Franc
Dial code:           229
Population:          4,832,000
Area:                112,620 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            DY
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 17885, 15400, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes (15 days only)
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd
Typhoid:             Recommended
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Largest city: Cotonou. Independence (France): 1960. Formerly Dahomey

Contents


22. Bermuda


Capital:             Hamilton
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            100 cents =1 dollar
ISO code:            BMD
Currency rate:       1·6744   =1 US$
Dial code:           1 809
Population:          600,000
Area:                50 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No - return ticket required
Driving license:     Visitors may not drive
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Uncertain
Health care:         Very Expensive
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1981

Contents


23. Bhutan


Capital:             Thimphu
GMT-offset:          +5:30
Currency:            Ngultrum
ISO code:            BTN
Currency rate:       59·7510
Dial code:           975 (2)
Population:          1,598,000
Area:                47,000 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Good but scarce
Notes:               Independence: 1947

Contents


24. Bolivia


Capital:             Sucre
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            Boliviano
ISO code:            BOB
Currency rate:       8·7906
Dial code:           591 (64
Population:          7,157,000
Area:                1,098,582 km2
Religion:            
Language:            Spanish
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15220, 15205, 15260
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK tourists and US up to 90 days
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Recommended
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Former capital and largest city: La Paz (2). Independence (Spain): 1825

Contents


25. Bonaire


Capital:             Kralendijk
GMT-offset:          -8:00
Currency:            
ISO code:            
Currency rate:       
Dial code:           
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v 
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Check
Driving license:     Check
Cholera:             Check
Yellow fever:        Check
Typhoid:             Check
Malaria:             Check
Polio:               Check
Water Quality:       Check
Health care:         Check
Notes:               Dutch Antilles

Contents


26. Bosnia Herzegovina


Capital:             Sarajevo
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            Dinar
ISO code:            YUN
Currency rate:       
Dial code:           387 (1)
Population:          4,124,256
Area:                51,129 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 9410, 15070, 6195
Visa Requirements:   Uncertain
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         Uncertain at present
Notes:               

Contents


27. Botswana


Capital:             Gaberone
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            Pula
ISO code:            BWP
Currency rate:       6·0344
Dial code:           267
Population:          1,258,000
Area:                582,139
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            RB
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 6190, 21660, 3255
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     All OK
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Poorly equipped, medicines free
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1966. Formerly Bechuanaland

Contents


28. Brazil


Capital:             Brasilia
GMT-offset:          -3:00
Currency:            100 Centavos = 1 Real
ISO code:            BRL
Currency rate:       1·8104
Dial code:           55 (61)
Population:          155,356,000
Area:                8,506,663 km2
Religion:            Catholic
Language:            Portugese
Car code:            BR
Mains voltage:       110/220v (dc in some areas)
World Service frews: 15190, 15260, 11750
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK (up to 3 months)
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Treatment expensive
Notes:               Largest city: São Paulo (11), Former capital, Rio de Janeiro (21). Independence (Portugal) 1822

Contents


29. British Virgin Islands


Capital:             Road Town
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 US Dollar
ISO code:            USD
Currency rate:       1·6744
Dial code:           1 809 49
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No - return ticket required
Driving license:     Temp licence issued on presentation of foreign licence
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Good in parts
Notes:               

Contents


30. Brunei


Capital:             Bandar Seri Begawan
GMT-offset:          +8:00
Currency:            Dollar
ISO code:            BRD
Currency rate:       2·4560
Dial code:           673 (2)
Population:          398,000
Area:                5,765 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            BRU
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15070, 15590, 1413
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except CAN 14 days and UK indefinite
Driving license:     Local Licence required on presentation of own national licence
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected country
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Good facilities
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1984

Contents


31. Bulgaria


Capital:             Sofia
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            100 stitink = 1 lev
ISO code:            BGL
Currency rate:       2,985·45
Dial code:           359 (2)
Population:          8,911,000
Area:                110,912 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            BG
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 12095, 15070, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes - Package holiday may be exempt
Driving license:     Some recognized, otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Fairly Safe
Health care:         Reciprocal treatment with UK
Notes:               Independence (Turkey): 1908

Contents


32. Burkina Faso


Capital:             Ouagadougou
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 CFA Franc
ISO code:            XOF
Currency rate:       1,013·10    = 0·01 Fr Franc
Dial code:           226 (3)
Population:          9,360,000
Area:                274,200 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 17885, 15400, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK tourists, can be obtained on arrival (up to 8 days)
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence (France): 1960. Formerly Upper Volta

Contents


33. Burundi


Capital:             Bujumbura
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            Francs
ISO code:            
Currency rate:       570·468
Dial code:           257 (2)
Population:          5,831,000
Area:                27,835
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 17885, 21470, 9630
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence: 1962

Contents


34. Byelorussia


Capital:             Minsk
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            Roubles
ISO code:            RUR
Currency rate:       20,877·20
Dial code:           375 (17)
Population:          10,200,000
Area:                207,600 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Good
Notes:               

Contents


35. Cameroon


Capital:             Yaounde
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 CFA Franc
ISO code:            XAF
Currency rate:       1,013·10    = 0·01 Fr Franc
Dial code:           237
Population:          11,390,000
Area:                175,441
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Competent but expensive, as are medicines
Notes:               Largest city: Doula. Independence (France): 1960

Contents


36. Canada


Capital:             Ottowa
GMT-offset:          -5:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 dollar
ISO code:            CAD
Currency rate:       2·3024
Dial code:           1 (613)
Population:          26,835,331
Area:                9,976,139
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            CDN
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP preferred validity period varies according to province
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Very good but expensive
Notes:               Largest city: Toronto (905/416)

Contents


37. Cape Verde


Capital:             Praia
GMT-offset:          -1:00
Currency:            Escudo
ISO code:            
Currency rate:       160·165
Dial code:           238
Population:          387,000
Area:                4,033 km2
Religion:            
Language:            Portugese
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   
Driving license:     
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               Independence (Portugal): 1975
Water Quality:       
Health care:         
Notes:               

Contents


38. Cayman Islands


Capital:             Georgetown
GMT-offset:          -5:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 dollar
ISO code:            KYD
Currency rate:       1·3868
Dial code:           1 809
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110v
World Service frews: 15220, 15205, 9915
Visa Requirements:   Check
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Usually safe
Health care:         Good - but difficult cases must goto USA
Notes:               

Contents


39. Central African Republic


Capital:             Bangui
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 CFA franc
ISO code:            XAF
Currency rate:       1,013·10    = 0·01 Fr Franc
Dial code:           236
Population:          2,952,000
Area:                626,780 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            RCA
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15400, 17790, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Very limited outside major centres
Notes:               Independence (France): 1960. Formerly French Equatorial Africa

Contents


40. Chad


Capital:             N'Djamena
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 CFA franc
ISO code:            XAF
Currency rate:       1,013·10    = 0·01 Fr Franc
Dial code:           235
Population:          5,122,000
Area:                1,283,998 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15400, 15105, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Facilities poor
Notes:               Independence (France): 1960

Contents


41. Chile


Capital:             Santiago
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            Pesos
ISO code:            CLP
Currency rate:       697·806
Dial code:           56 (2)
Population:          13,287,000
Area:                756,946 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            RCH
Mains voltage:       220v (dc in some areas)
World Service frews: 15190, 15260, 11750
Visa Requirements:   No - except NZ
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Good in cities, poor elsewhere - none in Patagonia
Notes:               Independence (Spain): 1818

Contents


42. China


Capital:             Beijing
GMT-offset:          +8:00
Currency:            100 fen = 1 yuan
ISO code:            CNY
Currency rate:       13·8633
Dial code:           86 (10)
Population:          1,151,487,000
Area:                9,599,690 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 17830, 21715, 11820
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Unclear
Cholera:             Recommended
Yellow fever:        Yes- Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Good in major centres and cheap
Notes:               Largest city, Shanghai (21)

Contents


43. Colombia


Capital:             Bogota
GMT-offset:          -5:00
Currency:            100 centavos = 1 peso
ISO code:            COP
Currency rate:       1,851·34
Dial code:           57 (1)
Population:          33,778,000
Area:                1,138,339 km2
Religion:            
Language:            Spanish
Car code:            CO
Mains voltage:       110v
World Service frews: 11220, 15205, 9915
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK tourists
Driving license:     National licence accepted accopanied by local licence
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        Recommended
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Good facilities in main centres
Notes:               Independence (Spain): 1886

Contents


44. Comoros Islands


Capital:             Moroni
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            Francs
ISO code:            KMF
Currency rate:       763·325
Dial code:           269 (73)
Population:          477,000
Area:                1,862 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Check
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence (France): 1975

Contents


45. Congo


Capital:             Brazzaville
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 CFA franc
ISO code:            XAF
Currency rate:       1,013·10    = 0·01 Fr Franc
Dial code:           242
Population:          2,309,000
Area:                342,000 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            RCB
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 9610, 21660, 17880
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence (France): 1960

Contents


46. Congo (Democratic Republic of)


Capital:             Kinshasa (formerly Leopoldville)
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            Zaire
ISO code:            ZRN
Currency rate:       230,229·90
Dial code:           243 (12)
Population:          37,832,000
Area:                2,344,113 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            ZRE
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 21470, 21660, 6190
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Terrible
Notes:               n.b. recent outbreak  of the Ebola virus. Independence (Belguim): 1960. Formerly Zaire, previously Belgian Congo

Contents


47. Costa Rica


Capital:             San José
GMT-offset:          -6:00
Currency:            100 centisimos = 1 colon
ISO code:            CRC
Currency rate:       394·397
Dial code:           506
Population:          2,309,000
Area:                342,000 km2
Religion:            Catholic
Language:            Spanish
Car code:            CR
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15220, 15205, 9915
Visa Requirements:   No up to 30/60 days
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             Check
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence (Spain): 1838

Contents


48. Croatia


Capital:             Zagreb
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            Kuna
ISO code:            HRK
Currency rate:       10·6975
Dial code:           385 (1)
Population:          4,601,469
Area:                56,538 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            HR
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 9410, 15070, 6195
Visa Requirements:   Check
Driving license:     Check
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         Uncertain at this time
Notes:               

Contents


49. Cuba


Capital:             Havana
GMT-offset:          -5:00
Currency:            100 centavos = 1 peso
ISO code:            CUP
Currency rate:       35·1624    21 peso = 1 US$
Dial code:           53 (7)
Population:          10,732,000
Area:                114,494 km2
Religion:            
Language:            Spanish
Car code:            C
Mains voltage:       110v
World Service frews: 15220, 6195, 9915
Visa Requirements:   Yes - Company letter required for business visa. Return ticket required
Driving license:     National licence accepted for 6 months
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Recommended
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Good & free
Notes:               Independence (Spain): 1898

Contents


50. Cyprus


Capital:             Nicosia
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            1,000 mills = 1 pound
ISO code:            CYP
Currency rate:       0·8808
Dial code:           357 (2)
Population:          709,000
Area:                8,995 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            CY
Mains voltage:       220v (dc in some areas)
World Service frews: 9410, 15070, 6180
Visa Requirements:   No up to 30/60 days
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Recommended
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Fairly safe
Health care:         Good - reciprocal arrangements with UK
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1960

Contents


51. Czech Republic


Capital:             Prague
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 haleru = 1 koruna
ISO code:            CZK
Currency rate:       57·3767
Dial code:           42 (2)
Population:          10,291,927
Area:                78,863 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            CZ
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15575, 15070, 9410
Visa Requirements:   No except NZ and AUS
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Fairly safe
Health care:         Good, reciprocal arrangement with UK
Notes:               

Contents


52. Denmark


Capital:             Copenhagen
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 öre = 1 krone
ISO code:            DKK
Currency rate:       11·4199
Dial code:           45
Population:          5,133,000
Area:                43,069
Religion:            
Language:            Danish
Car code:            DK
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 6195, 12095, 3955
Visa Requirements:   No up to 3 months
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Excellent
Notes:               EEA

Contents


53. Djibouti


Capital:             Djibouti
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 franc
ISO code:            DJF
Currency rate:       297·574
Dial code:           253
Population:          346,000
Area:                23,000 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15070, 11760, 1413
Visa Requirements:   Yes - return ticket required
Driving license:     Check
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from an infected country
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Limited
Notes:               Independence (France): 27 June 1977. Formerly Territory of Afars and Isas, previously French Somaliland

Contents


54. Dominica


Capital:             Roseau
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 EC dollar
ISO code:            XCD
Currency rate:       4·5209    2·7 EC$ = 1 US $
Dial code:           1 809 (449)
Population:          86,000
Area:                751 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            WD
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15220, 6195, 9915
Visa Requirements:   No - return ticket req'd
Driving license:     
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from an infected country
Typhoid:             Recommended
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Limited
Notes:               Windward Isles. Independence: 1978

Contents


55. Dominican Republic


Capital:             Santo Domingo
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            100 centavos = 1 peso
ISO code:            DOP
Currency rate:       23·6007
Dial code:           1 809
Population:          7,385,000
Area:                48,443 km2
Religion:            
Language:            Spanish
Car code:            DOM
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews:  15220, 6195, 9915
Visa Requirements:   No up to 60/90 days
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Fair
Notes:               Independence (Haiti): 1844

Contents


56. Ecuador


Capital:             Quito
GMT-offset:          -5:00
Currency:            100 centavos = 1 sucre
ISO code:            ECS
Currency rate:       6,731·92
Dial code:           593 (2)
Population:          10,752,000
Area:                109,483 km2
Religion:            
Language:            Spanish
Car code:            EC
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15220, 15205, 9915
Visa Requirements:   No up to 3 months, UK up to 6 months
Driving license:     National licence accepted for 30 days, otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Private facilities safe, fairly cheap, cities only
Notes:               Largest city: Guayaquil (4). Independence (Spain): 1830

Contents


57. Egypt


Capital:             Cairo
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            1,000 milliemes = 1 pound
ISO code:            EGP
Currency rate:       5·6783
Dial code:           20 (2)
Population:          54,452,000
Area:                1,001,447 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            ET
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15070, 21470, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes available on  arrival
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       City mains OK
Health care:         Fair
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1936

Contents


58. El Salvador


Capital:             San Salvador
GMT-offset:          -6:00
Currency:            100 centavos = 1 colon
ISO code:            SVC
Currency rate:       14·6594
Dial code:           503
Population:          5,419,000
Area:                21,393 km2
Religion:            
Language:            Spanish
Car code:            ES
Mains voltage:       110v
World Service frews: 15220, 15205, 9915
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK
Driving license:     National licence accepted for 30 days with permit from police
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               

Contents


59. Equatorial Guinea


Capital:             Malabo
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 CFA franc
ISO code:            XAF
Currency rate:       1013·10    = 0·01 Fr Franc
Dial code:           240
Population:          28,052 km2
Area:                379,000
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   
Driving license:     
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         
Notes:               Independence (Spain): 1968. Formerly Rio Mundi

Contents


60. Eritrea


Capital:             Asmara
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            ?
ISO code:            ?
Currency rate:       ?
Dial code:           251 (4)
Population:          2,614,700
Area:                117,600 km
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         Check
Notes:               

Contents


61. Estonia


Capital:             Tallinn
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            Kroon
ISO code:            EEK
Currency rate:       23·9841
Dial code:           372 (2)
Population:          1,573,000
Area:                45,100 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            EW
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 9410, 17640, 15070
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Fairly safe
Health care:         Fairly good
Notes:               

Contents


62. Ethiopia


Capital:             Addis Ababa
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            Birr
ISO code:            ETB
Currency rate:       10·9338
Dial code:           251 (1)
Population:          50,576,300
Area:                1,104,300 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            ETH
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 21470, 15420, 6005
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     National licence accepted in exchange fore local in Asmara Rd, Addis. No test
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Expensive and not very good
Notes:               

Contents


63. Falkland Islands


Capital:             Stanley
GMT-offset:          -3:00
Currency:            100 pence = 1 pound
ISO code:            FKP
Currency rate:       1·00
Dial code:           500
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            English
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v (square pin plug in places)
World Service frews:  15190, 9915, 15260
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Treatment good, free but limited.
Notes:               

Contents


64. Faroe Islands


Capital:             Thorshavn
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            Danish Krone
ISO code:            DKK
Currency rate:       8·6192
Dial code:           298
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            FR
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   
Driving license:     
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Good
Notes:               Independence (Denmark): 1 April 1976

Contents


65. Fiji


Capital:             Suva
GMT-offset:          +12:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 dollar
ISO code:            FJD
Currency rate:       2·2103
Dial code:           679
Population:          744,000
Area:                18,272 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            FIJ
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Fairly safe
Health care:         Adequate - some excellent private care
Notes:               Independence: 1969

Contents


66. Finland


Capital:             Helsinki
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            100 penni = 1 markka
ISO code:            FIM
Currency rate:       6·7494
Dial code:           358 (0)
Population:          4,991,000
Area:                337,032 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            FIN
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 7230, 15070, 12095
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Excellent but expensive
Notes:               Independence (Russia):6 December 1917, EEA

Contents


67. France


Capital:             Paris
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1ranc
ISO code:            FRF
Currency rate:       7·6361
Dial code:           33 (1)
Population:          56,596,000
Area:                543,998 km2
Religion:            Catholic
Language:            French
Car code:            F
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 9410, 12095, 7325
Visa Requirements:   No - except AUS & Canada
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Excellent - reciprocal arrangement with UK
Notes:               EEA

Contents


68. French Guiana


Capital:             Cayenne
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 Franc
ISO code:            
Currency rate:       7·6361 (=1 Fr Franc)
Dial code:           594
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No - except AUS & NZ, US up to 90 days
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Facilities in Cayenne but not elsewhere
Notes:               

Contents


69. French Polynesia


Capital:             Papeete
GMT-offset:          -10:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 CFP franc
ISO code:            XPF
Currency rate:       139·178
Dial code:           689
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No up to 3 months - except AUS  & NZ,
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               

Contents


70. Gabon


Capital:             Libreville
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 CFA Franc
ISO code:            XAF
Currency rate:       763·61
Dial code:           241
Population:          1,080,000
Area:                267,666 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Limited, very expensive
Notes:               Independence (France): 1960

Contents


71. Gambia


Capital:             Banjul (formerly Bathurst)
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            Dalasi
ISO code:            GMD
Currency rate:       15·2399
Dial code:           220
Population:          875,000
Area:                10,689 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            WAG
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No up to 3 months - except US
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Fairly good, but limited
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1965

Contents


72. Georgia


Capital:             Tbilisi
GMT-offset:          +4:00
Currency:            ?
ISO code:            ?
Currency rate:       ?
Dial code:           7 (32)
Population:          5,449,000
Area:                69,700 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: try 9410 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         Check
Notes:               

Contents


73. Germany


Capital:             Berlin
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 pfennigs = 1 deutschemark
ISO code:            DEM
Currency rate:       2·2289
Dial code:           49 (30)
Population:          79,548,000
Area:                356,780 km2
Religion:            
Language:            German
Car code:            D
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15575, 12095, 9410
Visa Requirements:   No up to 3 months - except UK unlimited
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Excellent - reciprocal arrangement with UK
Notes:               Independence (Austria): 1848. EEA

Contents


74. Ghana


Capital:             Accra
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            100 pesewa = 1 cedi
ISO code:            GHC
Currency rate:       2,251·18
Dial code:           233 (21)
Population:          15,617,000
Area:                238,536 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            GH
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15400, 21660, 17880
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     National licence accepted from Commonwealth up to 90 days or IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence (Britain):6 March 1957. Formerly Gold Coast

Contents


75. Gibraltar


Capital:             Gibraltar
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            Pounds
ISO code:            GIP
Currency rate:       1·00
Dial code:           350
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            English
Car code:            GBZ
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15575, 17705, 12095
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Excellent - free in some hospitals for UK citizens.
Notes:               

Contents


76. Greece


Capital:             Athens
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            100 lepta = 1 drachma
ISO code:            GRD
Currency rate:       365·785
Dial code:           30 (1)
Population:          10,043,000
Area:                131,945 km2
Religion:            Orthadox
Language:            Greek
Car code:            GR
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 12095, 15070, 9410
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Good but expensive - reciprocal arrangement with UK but poorly implemented
Notes:               Independence (Turkey): 25 March 1821. EEA

Contents


77. Greenland


Capital:             Godthaab
GMT-offset:          -3:00
Currency:            Danish Krone
ISO code:            DKK
Currency rate:       8·6192
Dial code:           299
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            Danish
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Check
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Medical services generally free
Notes:               

Contents


78. Grenada


Capital:             St George's
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            100 cents =1 EC Dollar
ISO code:            XCD
Currency rate:       4·1775
Dial code:           1 809
Population:          84,000
Area:                344 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            WG
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15220, 15205, 9915
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Fairly safe
Health care:         Adequate
Notes:               Windward Isles. Commonwealth. Independence (Britain): 1974

Contents


79. Guadaloupe


Capital:             Basse-Terre
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 franc
ISO code:            
Currency rate:       7·6361 (=1 Fr Franc)
Dial code:           590
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Check
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Leeward Isles

Contents


80. Guam


Capital:             Agana
GMT-offset:          +10:00
Currency:            US Dollars
ISO code:            USD
Currency rate:       1·5472
Dial code:           671
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Check
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               

Contents


81. Guatemala


Capital:             Guatemala City
GMT-offset:          -6:00
Currency:            100 centavos =1 quetzal
ISO code:            GTQ
Currency rate:       9·3859
Dial code:           502 (2)
Population:          9,266,000
Area:                108,889 km2
Religion:            
Language:            Spanish
Car code:            GCA
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No - except NZ & AUS
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Good in Guatemala City
Notes:               Independence (Spain): 1838

Contents


82. Guinea


Capital:             Conakry
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 francs
ISO code:            GNF
Currency rate:       1,542·56
Dial code:           224
Population:          7,456,000
Area:                245,856 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain and very rudimentary
Notes:               Independence (France): 1958

Contents


83. Guinea Bissau


Capital:             Bissau
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            Pesos
ISO code:            GWP
Currency rate:       27,905·30
Dial code:           245
Population:          943,000
Area:                36,125 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence (Portugal): 1974. Formerly Portugese Guinea

Contents


84. Guyana


Capital:             Georgetown
GMT-offset:          -3:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 dollar
ISO code:            GYD
Currency rate:       215·834
Dial code:           592 (2)
Population:          1,024,000
Area:                214,970 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            GUY
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15220, 15205, 9915
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Hospital treatment free in Georgetown
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1966. Formerly British Guiana

Contents


85. Haiti


Capital:             Port au Prince
GMT-offset:          -5:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 goude
ISO code:            HTG
Currency rate:       29·3968
Dial code:           509
Population:          6,287,000
Area:                27,697 km2
Religion:            
Language:            French
Car code:            RH
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15220, 15205, 9915
Visa Requirements:   Yes AUS & NZ, US & CAN up to 30 days, UK indefinite
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Fairly Good
Notes:               Indepence (France): 1804

Contents


86. Honduras


Capital:             Tegucigalpa
GMT-offset:          -6:00
Currency:            100 centavos = 1 lempira
ISO code:            HNL
Currency rate:       15·6113
Dial code:           504
Population:          4,949,000
Area:                112,087 km2
Religion:            
Language:            Spanish
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15220, 15205, 9915
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence (Spain): 1838

Contents


87. Hong Kong


Capital:             Victoria
GMT-offset:          +8:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 dollar
ISO code:            HKD
Currency rate:       11·9629
Dial code:           852
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            HK
Mains voltage:       220v (square pin plugs in some areas)
World Service frews: 675
Visa Requirements:   No up to 3 months - except US up to 1 month
Driving license:     National licence accepted for 12 months - after must apply for local licence
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Excellent but expensive - limited reciprocal agreement with UK
Notes:               

Contents


88. Hungary


Capital:             Budapest
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 fillers = 1 forint
ISO code:            HUF
Currency rate:       211·782
Dial code:           36 (1)
Population:          10,558
Area:                93,030 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            H
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 9410, 15070, 6195
Visa Requirements:   No - except AUS & NZ
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Fairly safe
Health care:         Reciprocal agreement with UK
Notes:               Independence (Austria): 1849

Contents


89. Iceland


Capital:             Reykjavik
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            100 aurar = 1 krona
ISO code:            ISK
Currency rate:       101·45
Dial code:           354
Population:          260,000
Area:                103,000 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            IS
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP presented to police for local permit
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Good - reciprocal agreement with UK
Notes:               EEA

Contents


90. India


Capital:             New Delhi
GMT-offset:          +5:30
Currency:            100 paisa = 1 rupee
ISO code:            INR
Currency rate:       55·2720
Dial code:           91 (11)
Population:          869,515,000
Area:                3,287,558 km2
Religion:            Hindu
Language:            
Car code:            IND
Mains voltage:       220v (dc in some areas)
World Service frews: 15310, 17790, 9740
Visa Requirements:   Yes - return ticket req'd
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Variable, some excellent private care
Notes:               Commonwealth. Independence (Britain): 1947. Largest city: Calcutta (33)

Contents


91. Indonesia


Capital:             Jakarta
GMT-offset:          +7:00
Currency:            100 sen = 1 rupiah
ISO code:            IDR
Currency rate:       3,546·07
Dial code:           62 (21)
Population:          19,560,000
Area:                2,042,034 km2
Religion:            Islam
Language:            
Car code:            RI
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 11955, 17830, 9740
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         OK but expensive in Jakarta, poor in other towns, nothing in rural areas
Notes:               Independence (Netherlands): 6 July 1949

Contents


92. Iran


Capital:             Tehran
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            100 dinars = 1 rial
ISO code:            IRR
Currency rate:       4,641·06 (3,000 R = 1 US $)
Dial code:           98 (21)
Population:          59,051,000
Area:                1,648,000 km2
Religion:            Islam
Language:            Persian
Car code:            IR
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 7135, 17640, 15070
Visa Requirements:   Yes - check
Driving license:     National licence accepted for 6 months. IDP preferred
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Limited outside Tehran
Notes:               Formerly Persia

Contents


93. Iraq


Capital:             Baghdad
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            1,000 fils = 1 dinar
ISO code:            IQD
Currency rate:       0·4810
Dial code:           964 (1)
Population:          19,525,000
Area:                446,713 km2
Religion:            Islam
Language:            
Car code:            IRQ
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15575, 11760, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes - Check
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Few facilities, no medical supplies
Notes:               Independence (British Mandate): 1932

Contents


94. Ireland


Capital:             Dublin
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            100 pence = 1 Punt
ISO code:            IEP
Currency rate:       0·9669
Dial code:           353 (1)
Population:          4,489,000
Area:                70,282 km2
Religion:            Catholic
Language:            
Car code:            IRL
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 6195, 12095, 9410
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Good, reciprocal arrangements with UK
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1922, EEA

Contents


95. Israel


Capital:             Jerusalem
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            100 agarot = 1 shekel
ISO code:            ILS
Currency rate:       4·8268
Dial code:           972 (2)
Population:          4,558,000
Area:                20,324 km2
Religion:            Jewish
Language:            Hebrew
Car code:            IL
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 9410, 17640, 1323
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK
Driving license:     National licence accepted but IDP preferred
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Fairly safe
Health care:         Excellent
Notes:               Independence (Britain) 1948. Largest City: Tel Aviv (3)

Contents


96. Italy


Capital:             Rome
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 centisimi = 1 lire
ISO code:            ITL
Currency rate:       2,434·52
Dial code:           39 (6)
Population:          57,772,000
Area:                301,225 km2
Religion:            Catholic
Language:            Italian
Car code:            I
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15575, 12095, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP or translation of local licence
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Fairly Safe
Health care:         Good, reciprocal arangement with UK
Notes:               Independence (Austria): 1848. EEA.

Contents


97. Ivory Coast


Capital:             Yamoussoukro
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 CFA franc
ISO code:            XOF
Currency rate:       1,013·1    = 0·01 Fr Franc
Dial code:           225
Population:          12,978,000
Area:                322,465 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            CI
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 9610, 21660, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Limited care
Notes:               Largest city: Abidjan. Indeoendence (France): 1960

Contents


98. Jamaica


Capital:             Kingston
GMT-offset:          -5:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 dollar
ISO code:            JMD
Currency rate:       57·2464
Dial code:           1 809 92
Population:          2,489,000
Area:                11,424 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            JA
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15220, 15205, 9915
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Fairly safe
Health care:         Variable, OK in Kingston and Montego Bay
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1962

Contents


99. Japan


Capital:             Tokyo
GMT-offset:          +9:00
Currency:            100 sen = 1 yen
ISO code:            JPY
Currency rate:       162·575
Dial code:           81 (3)
Population:          124,017,00
Area:                377,441 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            J
Mains voltage:       110v
World Service frews: 17830, 21715, 15360
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except CAN & NZ up to 3 months, UK up to 6 months
Driving license:     IDP, local licence will be given after sight and co-ordination test.
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Good but expensive
Notes:               

Contents


100. Jordan


Capital:             Amman
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            1,000 fils = 1 dinar
ISO code:            JOD
Currency rate:       1·0969
Dial code:           962 (6)
Population:          3,413,000
Area:                90,650 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            HKJ
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 9410, 17640, 1323
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     National licence accepted foreigners not allowed to drive vehicles with Jordanian plates
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Excellent hospitals in large towns
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1946

Contents


101. Kampuchea


Capital:             Phnom Penh
GMT-offset:          +7:00
Currency:            Riel
ISO code:            KHR
Currency rate:       4,755·29
Dial code:           855 (23)
Population:          7,146,000
Area:                181,306 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            K
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 11955, 11750, 9740
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Unclear
Cholera:             Recommended
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Recommended
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence: 1949

Contents


102. Kazakhstan


Capital:             Alma Ata
GMT-offset:          +6:00
Currency:            Tenge
ISO code:            
Currency rate:       99·7480
Dial code:           7 (3272)
Population:          16,538,000
Area:                2,715,100 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: try 9410 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               

Contents


103. Kenya


Capital:             Nairobi
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 shilling
ISO code:            KES
Currency rate:       86·7206
Dial code:           254 (2)
Population:          25,242,000
Area:                582,626 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            EAK
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 17855, 21470, 9630
Visa Requirements:   No - except US and AUS
Driving license:     IDP required to drive Kenyan registered vehicle
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe only in major towns
Health care:         Good in Nairobi, fair in other urban centres
Notes:               Commonwealth. Independence (Britain): 1963

Contents


104. Kiribati


Capital:             Bairiki (Tarawa island)
GMT-offset:          -10:00
Currency:            Aus Dollars
ISO code:            AUD
Currency rate:       2·0731
Dial code:           86
Population:          71,000
Area:                754 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK & CAN up to 28 days
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence: 1979

Contents


105. Korea (North)


Capital:             Pyongyang
GMT-offset:          +9:00
Currency:            100 chon = 1 won
ISO code:            KPW
Currency rate:       3·3265
Dial code:           850 (2)
Population:          21,815,000
Area:                120,539 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 17830, 21715, 15360
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Check
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence: 1948

Contents


106. Korea (South)


Capital:             Seoul
GMT-offset:          +9:00
Currency:            100 chon = 1 won
ISO code:            KRW
Currency rate:       1,223·10
Dial code:           82 (2)
Population:          43,134,000
Area:                98,873 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            ROK
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 17830, 21715, 15360
Visa Requirements:   No up to 15 days - UK up to 90 days
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Fairly safe
Health care:         Facilities in business and tourist areas ok - uncertain elsewhere
Notes:               Independence: 1948

Contents


107. Kuwait


Capital:             Al Kuwayt
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            Dinar
ISO code:            KWD
Currency rate:       0.4632
Dial code:           965
Population:          2,204,000
Area:                16,918 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            KWT
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15070, 11760, 1413
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Must pass Kuwait vehicle test. National licence accepted if accompanied by local temporary licence
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Fairly safe
Health care:         Good and free but limited
Notes:               Independence: 1961

Contents


108. Kyrgyzstan


Capital:             Bishkek (formerly Frunze)
GMT-offset:          +6·00
Currency:            ?
ISO code:            ?
Currency rate:       ?
Dial code:           7 (3312)
Population:          4,291,000
Area:                198,500 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               

Contents


109. Laos


Capital:             Vientiane
GMT-offset:          +7:00
Currency:            Kip
ISO code:            LAK
Currency rate:       1,423·42
Dial code:           856
Population:          4,113,000
Area:                236,800 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            LAOS
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 11955, 9740, 11750
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP which is preferred
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence: 1949

Contents


110. Latvia


Capital:             Riga
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            Lats
ISO code:            LVL
Currency rate:       0·8375
Dial code:           371 (2)
Population:          1,681,000
Area:                663,700 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            LV
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15575, 12095, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Fairly safe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               

Contents


111. Lebanon


Capital:             Beirut
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            Livres
ISO code:            LBP
Currency rate:       2,466·15
Dial code:           961 (1)
Population:          3,385,000
Area:                10,399 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            RL
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 9410, 17640, 1323
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     National licence accepted but must be validated
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence (French Mandate): 1946 

Contents


112. Lesotho


Capital:             Maseru
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            Maluti
ISO code:            LSL
Currency rate:       5·6204
Dial code:           266
Population:          1,801,000
Area:                30,355 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            LS
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: FM 90, 3255, 1197
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Certain African licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe in towns
Health care:         Safe. Several good private doctors. South Africa nearby for serious cases
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1966. Formerly Basutoland

Contents


113. Liberia


Capital:             Monrovia
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 dollar
ISO code:            LRL
Currency rate:       1·5472 (=1 US $)
Dial code:           231
Population:          2,730,000
Area:                111,370 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            LB
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     National licence accepted if presented to police for issue of local temporary licence
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Good private doctors
Notes:               

Contents


114. Libya


Capital:             Tripoli
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            Dinar
ISO code:            LYD
Currency rate:       0·5500
Dial code:           218 (21)
Population:          4,353,000
Area:                1,759,537 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            LAR
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 21470, 17640, 15070
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except US on business
Driving license:     National licence accepted for three months
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Limited outside cities
Notes:               Independence (Italy/UN): 1951

Contents


115. Liechtenstein


Capital:             Vaduz
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 rappen = 1Swiss franc
ISO code:            CHF
Currency rate:       1·7960
Dial code:           41 75
Population:          28,000
Area:                158 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            FL
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Excellent
Notes:               EEA

Contents


116. Lithuania


Capital:             Vilnius
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            Litas
ISO code:            LTL
Currency rate:       6·1888
Dial code:           370 (2)
Population:          3,690,000
Area:                65,200 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            LT
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews:  try 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Fair
Notes:               

Contents


117. Luxembourg


Capital:             Luxembourg
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 franc
ISO code:            LUF
Currency rate:       45·8135
Dial code:           352
Population:          388,000 km2
Area:                2,587 km2
Religion:            Catholic
Language:            
Car code:            L
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15575, 12095, 9410
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Excellent, reciprocal agreement with UK
Notes:               EEA

Contents


118. Macau


Capital:             Macau
GMT-offset:          +8:00
Currency:            Pataca
ISO code:            MOP
Currency rate:       12·3609
Dial code:           853
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 675
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Good
Notes:               

Contents


119. Macedonia


Capital:             Skopje
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            denar
ISO code:            
Currency rate:       60·8056
Dial code:           389 (91)
Population:          1,909,136
Area:                25,713 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   
Driving license:     
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         
Notes:               

Contents


120. Madagascar


Capital:             Antananarivo
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 franc
ISO code:            MGF
Currency rate:       6,335·78
Dial code:           261 (2)
Population:          12,185,000
Area:                587,041 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            RM
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain National licences accepted
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Doctors and equipment okay in hospitals, but nursing care poor and drugs hard to get
Notes:               Independence (France): 1960

Contents


121. Madeira


Capital:             Funchal
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            Portugese Escudos
ISO code:            PTE
Currency rate:       231·252
Dial code:           351 91
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v (dc in some areas)
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Fairly good
Notes:               

Contents


122. Malawi


Capital:             Lilongwe
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            Kwacha
ISO code:            MWK
Currency rate:       23·6722
Dial code:           265
Population:          9,438,000
Area:                118,485 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            MW
Mains voltage:       2209v
World Service frews: 17885, 21660, 6190
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Largest city: Blantyre. Independence (Britain): 1964. Formerly Nyasaland

Contents


123. Malaysia


Capital:             Kuala Lumpur
GMT-offset:          +8:00
Currency:            Ringgit
ISO code:            MYR
Currency rate:       3·9646
Dial code:           60 (3)
Population:          17,982,000
Area:                332,318 km2
Religion:            Islam
Language:            
Car code:            MAL
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 11750, 11955, 9740
Visa Requirements:   No up to 6 months - except US up to 3 months
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Commonwealth. Independence (Britain): 1957. Formerly Malaya

Contents


124. Maldives


Capital:             Male
GMT-offset:          +5:00
Currency:            Rufiya
ISO code:            MVR
Currency rate:       18·2106
Dial code:           223
Population:          226,000
Area:                298 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Recommended
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence: 1965

Contents


125. Mali


Capital:             Bamako
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 CFA Franc
ISO code:            XOF
Currency rate:       763·610
Dial code:           223
Population:          8,339,000
Area:                1,204,021 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            RMM
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 9410, 15400, 15105 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence (France): 1960

Contents


126. Malta


Capital:             Valletta
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 lira
ISO code:            MTL
Currency rate:       0·5478
Dial code:           356
Population:          356,000
Area:                316 km2
Religion:            Catholic
Language:            English/Maltese
Car code:            M
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 9410, 15070, 6180
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Fairly safe
Health care:         Good
Notes:               Largest city: Sliema. Independence (Britain): 21 September 1964

Contents


127. Marshall Islands


Capital:             Majuro
GMT-offset:          +12:00
Currency:            US Dollars
ISO code:            
Currency rate:       1·5472
Dial code:           692
Population:          48,000
Area:                181 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   
Driving license:     
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         
Notes:               

Contents


128. Martinique


Capital:             Fort de France
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 franc
ISO code:            FRF
Currency rate:       7·6361 (=1 Fr Franc)
Dial code:           596
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            Islam
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15220, 6195, 9915
Visa Requirements:   Check
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Fair in urban areas
Notes:               

Contents


129. Mauritania


Capital:             Nouakchott
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            Ouguiya
ISO code:            MRO
Currency rate:       208·547
Dial code:           222
Population:          1,996,000
Area:                1,085,803 km2
Religion:            Islam
Language:            
Car code:            RIM
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     National licence accepted for limited period - otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Very limited
Notes:               Independence (France): 1960

Contents


130. Mauritius


Capital:             Port Louis
GMT-offset:          +4:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 rupee
ISO code:            MUR
Currency rate:       28·3834
Dial code:           230
Population:          1,081,000
Area:                2,046 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            MS
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted if endorsed by police
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Good public paying facilities
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1968

Contents


131. Mexico


Capital:             Mexico City
GMT-offset:          -6:00
Currency:            100 centavos = 1 peso
ISO code:            MXN
Currency rate:       11·5572
Dial code:           52 (5)
Population:          90,007,000
Area:                1,972,546 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            MEX
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15220, 15205, 9640
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted if driving a non-Mexican registered vehicle - otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Good
Notes:               Independence (Spain): 1821

Contents


132. Micronesia


Capital:             Kolonia
GMT-offset:          +10:00
Currency:            US Dollar
ISO code:            
Currency rate:       1·5472
Dial code:           691
Population:          108,000
Area:                702 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   
Driving license:     
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         
Notes:               

Contents


133. Moldova


Capital:             Kishinev
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            leu
ISO code:            
Currency rate:       7·0166
Dial code:           373 (2)
Population:          4,341,000
Area:                33,700 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Fair
Notes:               

Contents


134. Monaco


Capital:             Monte Carlo
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            French Francs
ISO code:            FRF
Currency rate:       7·6361
Dial code:           33 93
Population:          30,000
Area:                149 hectares
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            MC
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 9410, 12095, 7325
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Good
Health care:         Excellent
Notes:               

Contents


135. Mongolia


Capital:             Ulan Bator
GMT-offset:          +8:00
Currency:            100 mung = 1 tugrik
ISO code:            MNT
Currency rate:       711·990
Dial code:           976
Population:          2,247,000
Area:                1,569,962
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 9410, 15070.12095
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Fair but sparse
Notes:               Independence (China): 1946

Contents


136. Montserrat


Capital:             Plymouth
GMT-offset:          -5:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 EC dollars
ISO code:            XCD
Currency rate:       4·1775
Dial code:           1 809
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15220, 6195, 9915
Visa Requirements:   Check
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Limited, reciprocal agreement with UK
Notes:               

Contents


137. Morocco


Capital:             Rabat
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            100 francs = 1 dirham
ISO code:            MAD
Currency rate:       13·1566
Dial code:           212 (7)
Population:          26,182,000
Area:                446,550 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            MA
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15575, 17705, 15070
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted for 3 months. IDP required for hire car
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safish
Health care:         Hospitals okay - pay for drugs only. Use private facilities if possible
Notes:               Largest city: Casablanca (2).  Independence (France & Spain): 1956
Independence: 1956

Contents


138. Mozambique


Capital:             Maputo (Formerly Lourenço Marques)
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            Metical
ISO code:            MZM
Currency rate:       15,317·3
Dial code:           258 (1)
Population:          115,113,000
Area:                786,762 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 17885, 21660, 6190
Visa Requirements:   Yes - Check details
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Virtually non-existent
Notes:               Independence (Portugal): 1975

Contents


139. Myanmar


Capital:             Rangoon
GMT-offset:          +6:30
Currency:            100 pyas = 1 kyat
ISO code:            MMK
Currency rate:       10·4230
Dial code:           95 (1)
Population:          42,112,000
Area:                678,034 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            BUR
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 11955, 11750, 9740
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:      IDP presented to police for issue of visitor's permit
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1948. Formerly Burma

Contents


140. Namibia


Capital:             Windhoek
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            SA Rand
ISO code:            ZAR
Currency rate:       5·6204
Dial code:           264 (61
Population:          1,521,000
Area:                823,172 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            SWA
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 6190, 11940, 3255
Visa Requirements:   Check
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe in towns
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               

Contents


141. Nauru


Capital:             Yaren
GMT-offset:          +12:00
Currency:            Aus Dollars
ISO code:            AUD
Currency rate:       2·0731
Dial code:           674
Population:          9,000
Area:                20 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe in towns
Health care:         Limited but good
Notes:               Independence: 1968

Contents


142. Nepal


Capital:             Kathmandu
GMT-offset:          +5:30
Currency:            rupee
ISO code:            NPR
Currency rate:       83·9356
Dial code:           977 (1)
Population:          19,612,000
Area:                141,557 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15380, 17790, 11750
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP for 15 days then local licence required
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         OK for minor ailments. Leave the country if any major treatment required
Notes:               

Contents


143. Netherland Antilles


Capital:             Willemstad
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            Guilders
ISO code:            ANG
Currency rate:       2·7695
Dial code:           599
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            NA
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Good
Notes:               

Contents


144. Netherlands


Capital:             The Hague
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 guilder
ISO code:            NLG
Currency rate:       2·4972
Dial code:           31 (70)
Population:          15,022,000
Area:                41,160 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            NL
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 6195, 12095, 3955
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Good
Health care:         Excellent, reciprocal agreement with UK
Notes:               Largest city: Amsterdam (20). Independence (Spain) 1606. EEA.

Contents


145. New Caledonia


Capital:             Noumea
GMT-offset:          +11:00
Currency:            Pacific Franc
ISO code:            CFP
Currency rate:       139·178
Dial code:           687
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except US & CAN up to 3 months and UK up to 1 month
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               

Contents


146. New Zealand


Capital:             Wellington
GMT-offset:          +12:00
Currency:            NZ Dollars
ISO code:            NZD
Currency rate:       2·3376
Dial code:           64 (4)
Population:          3,309,000
Area:                268,676 km2
Religion:            
Language:            English
Car code:            NZ
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15340, 11955, 17830
Visa Requirements:   No AUS, No US & CAN up to 3 months and UK up to 6 months
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Excellent, reciprocal agreement with UK
Notes:               Largest city: Auckland (9). Independence (Britain): 1907

Contents


147. Nicaragua


Capital:             Managua
GMT-offset:          -6:00
Currency:            100 centavos = 1 cordoba oro
ISO code:            NIO
Currency rate:       12·3389
Dial code:           505 (2)
Population:          3,752,000
Area:                118,358 km2
Religion:            
Language:            Spanish
Car code:            NIC
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15220, 6195, 9915
Visa Requirements:   No up to 90 days - except AUS & NZ
Driving license:     National licence or IDP accepted for 1 month for vehicle registered abroad then local licence
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence (Spain): 1838

Contents


148. Niger


Capital:             Niamey
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 CFA Franc
ISO code:            XOF
Currency rate:       763·610
Dial code:           227
Population:          8,154,000
Area:                1,267,000 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            RN
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15400, 17790, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Poor
Notes:               Independence (France): 1960

Contents


149. Nigeria


Capital:             Abuja
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            Naira
ISO code:            NGN
Currency rate:       34·0384
Dial code:           234 (9)
Population:          122,471,000
Area:                924,630 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            WAN
Mains voltage:       220v (square pin plugs in some areas)
World Service frews: 15400, 17790, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Private clinics safe and good but limited. State hospitals poor
Notes:               Largest city (and former capital): Lagos (1). Independence (Britain): 1960

Contents


150. Norway


Capital:             Oslo
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 öre = 1 krone
ISO code:            NOK
Currency rate:       9·7889
Dial code:           47 (22)
Population:          4,273,000
Area:                323,887 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            N
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 7230, 15070, 12095
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Excellent
Notes:               Independence (Sweden): 17 May 1905. EEA.

Contents


151. Oman


Capital:             Muscat
GMT-offset:          +4:00
Currency:            Rial
ISO code:            OMR
Currency rate:       0·5957
Dial code:           968
Population:          1,534,000
Area:                310,800 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            OMAN
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     National licence accepted for 7 days, then local licence issued - valid 3 months
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Good treatment but expensive
Notes:               

Contents


152. Pakistan


Capital:             Islamabad
GMT-offset:          +5:00
Currency:            100 paisa = 1 rupee
ISO code:            PKR
Currency rate:       52·9370
Dial code:           92 (51)
Population:          117,490,000
Area:                803,944 km2
Religion:            Islam
Language:            
Car code:            PK
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 11955, 15575, 9740
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK up to 3 months
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Poor
Notes:               Commonwealth. Independence (Britain): 1947. Largest city: Karachi (21). Former Capital: Rawlpindi

Contents


153. Panama


Capital:             Panama
GMT-offset:          -5:00
Currency:            100 centesimos = 1 balboa
ISO code:            PAB
Currency rate:       1·5472
Dial code:           507
Population:          2,476,000
Area:                77,082 km2
Religion:            Catholic
Language:            Spanish
Car code:            PA
Mains voltage:       110v
World Service frews: 15220, 15205, 9915
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        Recommended
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Fairly safe
Health care:         Good but expensive
Notes:               Independence (Columbia): 1903

Contents


154. Papua New Guinea


Capital:             Port Moresby
GMT-offset:          +10:00
Currency:            Kina
ISO code:            PGK
Currency rate:       2·0712
Dial code:           675
Population:          3,913,000
Area:                475,369 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            PNG
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Just about safe
Notes:               Independence: 1975

Contents


155. Paraguay


Capital:             Asuncion
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            100 centimos = 1 guarani
ISO code:            PYG
Currency rate:       3,036·38
Dial code:           591 (21)
Population:          4,799,000
Area:                406,752 km2
Religion:            
Language:            Spanish
Car code:            PY
Mains voltage:       220v (dc in some areas)
World Service frews: 15190, 11750
Visa Requirements:   No up to 90 days - except NZ & AUS
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence (Spain): 1811

Contents


156. Peru


Capital:             Lima
GMT-offset:          -5:00
Currency:            100 centavos = 1 new sol
ISO code:            PEN
Currency rate:       3·6413
Dial code:           51 (14)
Population:          22,362,000
Area:                1,285,215 km2
Religion:            
Language:            Spanish
Car code:            PE
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15220, 15205, 9915
Visa Requirements:   Yes NZ & AUS. No up to 3 months UK & CAN, No US,
Driving license:     National licence accepted - 3 months
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Public hospitals terrible. Private clinics in Lima good but expensive
Notes:               Independence (Spain): 1821

Contents


157. Philippines


Capital:             Manilla
GMT-offset:          +8:00
Currency:            100 centavos = 1 peso
ISO code:            PHP
Currency rate:       40·5973
Dial code:           63 (2)
Population:          65,759,000
Area:                299,681 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            RP
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 11955, 17830, 9740
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Fair
Notes:               Independence (USA): 1946

Contents


158. Pitcairn Islands


Capital:             Adamstown
GMT-offset:          -8:30
Currency:            NZ Dollar/Pound Sterling
ISO code:            NZD
Currency rate:       2·3376
Dial code:           649
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15340, 11955, 17830
Visa Requirements:   Check
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Good
Notes:               

Contents


159. Poland


Capital:             Warsaw
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 groszy = 1 zloty
ISO code:            PLZ
Currency rate:       3·8582
Dial code:           482 (2/22)
Population:          37,800,000
Area:                312,678 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            PL
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15575, 15070, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes up to 90 days - except US
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Standard okay - reciprocal agreement with UK
Notes:               Independence: 1846

Contents


160. Portugal


Capital:             Lisbon
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            100 centavos = 1 escudo
ISO code:            PTE
Currency rate:       231·253
Dial code:           351 (1)
Population:          10,388,000
Area:                92,072 km2
Religion:            
Language:            Portugese
Car code:            P
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 9410, 17705, 12095
Visa Requirements:   No - except NZ
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Good, reciprocal arrangement with UK
Notes:               EEA

Contents


161. Puerto Rico


Capital:             San Juan
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            US Dollars
ISO code:            USD
Currency rate:       1·5472
Dial code:           1 809
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15220, 6195, 9915
Visa Requirements:   Check
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Good but costly
Notes:               US Protectorate (from Spain): 1898

Contents


162. Qatar


Capital:             Doha
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            Riyal
ISO code:            QAR
Currency rate:       5·6335
Dial code:           974
Population:          518,000
Area:                11,000 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK
Driving license:     National licence accepted if accompanied by local temporary licence from police - valid 30 days
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Good but expensive
Notes:               Independence: 1971

Contents


163. Reunion


Capital:             Saint-Denis
GMT-offset:          +4:00
Currency:            Fr Francs
ISO code:            FRF
Currency rate:       7·6361
Dial code:           262
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               

Contents


164. Romania


Capital:             Bucharest
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            100 bani = 1 leu
ISO code:            ROL
Currency rate:       4,254·80
Dial code:           40 (1)
Population:          23,397,000
Area:                237,500 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            RO
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 12095, 15070, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safish
Health care:         Poor - reciprocal agreement with UK
Notes:               Independece (Turkey): 1878

Contents


165. Russian Federation


Capital:             Moscow
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            100 kopecks = 1 rouble
ISO code:            RUR
Currency rate:       7,233·93
Dial code:           7 095
Population:          147,386,000
Area:                17,075,400 km2
Religion:            
Language:            Russian
Car code:            RUS
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 9410, 17640, 15070
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Recommended
Malaria:             Recommended in some areas
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Reciprocal agreement with UK
Notes:               

Contents


166. Rwanda


Capital:             Kigali
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 franc
ISO code:            RWF
Currency rate:       340·384
Dial code:           250 (7)
Population:          7,903,000
Area:                26,337 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            RWA
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Poor
Notes:               Independence: 1962. Formerly Burundi, previously Ruanda-Urundi

Contents


167. Saint Helena


Capital:             Jamestown
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            Pound Sterling
ISO code:            UKP
Currency rate:       1·00
Dial code:           290
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v (square pin plugs in some areas)
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Check - except UK no
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               

Contents


168. Saint Kitts and Nevis


Capital:             Bsseterre
GMT-offset:          -5:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 EC dollar
ISO code:            XCD
Currency rate:       4·1775
Dial code:           1 809 465/469
Population:          40,000
Area:                209 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15220, 6195, 9915
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Check
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1983

Contents


169. Saint Lucia


Capital:             Castries
GMT-offset:          -5:00
Currency:            EC Dollars
ISO code:            XCD
Currency rate:       4·1775
Dial code:           1 809
Population:          153,000
Area:                616 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            WL
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15220, 15205, 9915
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Expensive
Notes:               Windward Isles. Independence: 1979

Contents


170. Saint Pierre & Miquelon


Capital:             St Pierre
GMT-offset:          -3:00
Currency:            French Francs
ISO code:            FRF
Currency rate:       7·6361
Dial code:           508
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Check
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               

Contents


171. Saint Vincent & the Grenadines


Capital:             Kingstown
GMT-offset:          -5:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 EC dollar
ISO code:            XCD
Currency rate:       4·1775
Dial code:           1 809
Population:          114,000
Area:                388 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            WV
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15220, 6195, 9915
Visa Requirements:   Check
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Windward Isles. Independence: 1979

Contents


172. San Marino


Capital:             San Marino
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            Lire
ISO code:            ITL
Currency rate:       2,434·52
Dial code:           378
Population:          23,000 km2
Area:                60·6 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            RSM
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15575, 12095, 9410
Visa Requirements:   No UK
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safish
Health care:         As Italy
Notes:               

Contents


173. Sao Tome et Principe


Capital:             Sao Tome
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            Dobra
ISO code:            STD
Currency rate:       2,718·28
Dial code:           239
Population:          128,000
Area:                963 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Uncertain
Health care:         Unsafe
Notes:               Independence (Portugal): 1975

Contents


174. Saudi Arabia


Capital:             Riyadh
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            Riyal
ISO code:            SAR
Currency rate:       5·8023
Dial code:           966 (1)
Population:          17,870,000
Area:                2,149,687 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15070, 15575, 17640
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP. Fords are banned, Women may not drive. Local licence for longer stays
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Generally good but expensive
Notes:               

Contents


175. Senegal


Capital:             Dakar
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 CFA Franc
ISO code:            XOF
Currency rate:       763·610
Dial code:           221
Population:          7,953,000
Area:                196,720 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            SN
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15400, 17790, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK up to 3 months
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Poor
Notes:               Independence (France): 1960

Contents


176. Serbia


Capital:             Belgrade
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            Dinar
ISO code:            YUN
Currency rate:       Uncertain
Dial code:           
Population:          11,371,275
Area:                102,173 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 9410, 15070, 6195
Visa Requirements:   Uncertain
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain and unsafe
Notes:               

Contents


177. Seychelles


Capital:             Victoria
GMT-offset:          +4:00
Currency:            Rupees
ISO code:            SCR
Currency rate:       7·5620
Dial code:           248
Population:          69,000
Area:                375 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            SY
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safish
Health care:         Reasonable and free care for minor ailments
Notes:               Independence: 1976

Contents


178. Sierra Leone


Capital:             Freetown
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 leone
ISO code:            SLL
Currency rate:       1,407·95
Dial code:           232 (22)
Population:          4,275,000
Area:                72,325 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            WAL
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15400, 17790, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Very poor
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1961

Contents


179. Singapore


Capital:             Singapore
GMT-offset:          +8:00
Currency:            Dollars
ISO code:            SGD
Currency rate:       2·2016
Dial code:           65
Population:          2,756,000
Area:                585 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            SGP
Mains voltage:       110/220v (square pin plugs in some areas)
World Service frews: FM 88
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        Yes
Typhoid:             No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Recommended
Health care:         Safe
Notes:               Excellent
Independence (Britain): 1965

Contents


180. Slovakia


Capital:             Bratislava
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 haleru = 1 koruna
ISO code:            SKK
Currency rate:       46·0184
Dial code:           42 (7)
Population:          4,991,168
Area:                49,014 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            SK
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15575, 12095, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Uncertain
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Recommended
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain and unsafe
Notes:               

Contents


181. Slovenia


Capital:             Ljubljana
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            Tolar
ISO code:            SIT
Currency rate:       199·557
Dial code:           386 (61)
Population:          1,891,864
Area:                20,251 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 9410
Visa Requirements:   No - except AUS & NZ
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               

Contents


182. Solomon Islands


Capital:             Honiara
GMT-offset:          +11:00
Currency:            Dollars
ISO code:            SBD
Currency rate:       5·3261
Dial code:           677
Population:          347,000
Area:                29,785 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 11955, 17830, 9740
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Safe but limited, Australia for excellent specialist treatment. Independence: 1978
Notes:               Commonwealth. Independence (Britain) 1978

Contents


183. Somalia


Capital:             Mogadishu
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            Shillings
ISO code:            SOS
Currency rate:       4,056·66
Dial code:           252 (1)
Population:          6,709,000
Area:                637,658 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 21470, 15420, 9630
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Poor, unsafe and limited except ICRC and MSF
Notes:               Very dangerous. Avoid if possible. Independence (Britain and Italy): 1960

Contents


184. South Africa


Capital:             Pretoria
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 rand
ISO code:            ZAR
Currency rate:       5·6204
Dial code:           27 (12)
Population:          40,601,000
Area:                1,179,274 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            ZA
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 6190, 11940, 3255
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK
Driving license:     National licence accepted printed in English. Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safish
Health care:         Excellent
Notes:               Largest city: Johannesburg (11). Independence (British): 1910

Contents


185. Spain


Capital:             Madrid
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 centimos = 1 peseta
ISO code:            ESP
Currency rate:       187·461
Dial code:           34 (1)
Population:          39,385,000
Area:                504,742 km2
Religion:            Catholic
Language:            Spanish
Car code:            E
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 9410, 17705, 12095
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Good, reciprocal agreement with UK
Notes:               EEA

Contents


186. Sri Lanka


Capital:             Colombo
GMT-offset:          +5:30
Currency:            100 cents = 1 rupee
ISO code:            LKR
Currency rate:       83·2367
Dial code:           94 (1)
Population:          17,424,000
Area:                65,610 km2
Religion:            
Language:            Sinhala
Car code:            CL
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15380, 17790, 9740
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted if accompanied by local licence obtainable on arrival
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Private treatment good, safe and not too expensive
Notes:               Commonwealth. Independence (Britain): 1948. Formerly: Ceylon

Contents


187. Sudan


Capital:             Khartoum
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            Dinar
ISO code:            SDD
Currency rate:       127·644
Dial code:           249 (11)
Population:          27,220,000
Area:                2,505,809 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 21470, 17640, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Low cost, variable quality, don't get sick in rural areas
Notes:               Largest city: Omdurman. Independence (Britain): 1956

Contents


188. Surinam


Capital:             Paramaribo
GMT-offset:          -3:00
Currency:            Guilders
ISO code:            SRG
Currency rate:       649·824
Dial code:           597
Population:          402,000
Area:                142,823 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            SME
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK & CAN
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Indpendence (Netherlands): 1975. Formerly Dutch Guiana

Contents


189. Swaziland


Capital:             Mbabane
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            Lilangeni
ISO code:            SZL
Currency rate:       5·6204
Dial code:           268
Population:          859,000
Area:                17,366 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            SD
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No - except UK tourist visa available on arrival
Driving license:     Certain national licences accepted in English text otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       OK in towns
Health care:         Good, but difficult cases must go to South Africa
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1968

Contents


190. Sweden


Capital:             Stockholm
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 öre = 1 krona
ISO code:            SEK
Currency rate:       10·1989
Dial code:           46 (8)
Population:          8,564,000
Area:                449,792 km2
Religion:            
Language:            Swedish
Car code:            S
Mains voltage:       110/220v (dc in some areas)
World Service frews: 7230, 15070, 9410
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Excellent
Notes:               EEA

Contents


191. Switzerland


Capital:             Berne
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 franc
ISO code:            CHF
Currency rate:       1·7960
Dial code:           41 (31)
Population:          6,784,000
Area:                41,292 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            CH
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15575, 12095, 9410
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Excellent but extremely expensive
Notes:               Largest ciy: Zurich (1)

Contents


192. Syria


Capital:             Damascus
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            Pounds
ISO code:            SYP
Currency rate:       64·8277
Dial code:           963 (11)
Population:          12,966,000
Area:                185,180 km2
Religion:            Muslim (Sunni)
Language:            
Car code:            SYR
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 9410, 15070, 6195
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe outside main cities
Health care:         Good and not expensive
Notes:               Independence (French Mandate): 1946

Contents


193. Tadjikistan


Capital:             Dushanbe
GMT-offset:          +5:00
Currency:            ?
ISO code:            ?
Currency rate:       ?
Dial code:           7 3772
Population:          5,112,000
Area:                143,100 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 9410, 17640, 15070
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               

Contents


194. Taiwan


Capital:             Taipei
GMT-offset:          +8:00
Currency:            Dollars
ISO code:            TWD
Currency rate:       42·3525
Dial code:           886 (2)
Population:          16,609,961
Area:                36,185 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            RC
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 11955, 15360, 9740
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain outside Taipei
Notes:               Independence (China): 1949. Formerly Formosa

Contents


195. Tanzania


Capital:             Dodoma
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 shilling
ISO code:            TZS
Currency rate:       842·450
Dial code:           255 (61)
Population:          26,869,000
Area:                942,003 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            EAT
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 17885, 21470, 9630
Visa Requirements:   No except business - US Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted - report to police on arrival -  otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Largest city (and former capital): Dar es Salaam (51). Independence (Britain): 1961. Formerly Tanganyika

Contents


196. Thailand


Capital:             Bankok
GMT-offset:          +7:00
Currency:            100 satangs = 1 baht
ISO code:            THB
Currency rate:       39·1042
Dial code:           66 (2)
Population:          56,814,000
Area:                513,998 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            T
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 11955, 9740, 11750
Visa Requirements:   No - except UK
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Good in cities
Notes:               Formerly Siam

Contents


197. Togo


Capital:             Lome
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            100 centimes = 1 CFA franc
ISO code:            XOF
Currency rate:       763·610
Dial code:           228
Population:          3,811,000
Area:                56,000 km2
Religion:            
Language:            TG
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except US & UK
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence (France): 1960

Contents


198. Tonga


Capital:             Nuku'alofa
GMT-offset:          -11:00
Currency:            Pa'anga
ISO code:            TOP
Currency rate:       2·0731
Dial code:           676
Population:          102,000
Area:                699 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     IDP + T$3 for required local licence
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safish
Health care:         Comprehensive service provided by Government
Notes:               

Contents


199. Trinidad & Tobago


Capital:             Port of Spain
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            Dollars
ISO code:            TTD
Currency rate:       8·8345
Dial code:           1 809
Population:          1,285,000
Area:                5,128 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            TT
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No - except AUS & NZ
Driving license:     National licence accepted with English translation where necessary - up to 90 days
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Safe. Drugs and treatment expensive
Notes:               Independence (British): 1962

Contents


200. Tunisia


Capital:             Tunis
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            Dinar
ISO code:            TND
Currency rate:       1·4749
Dial code:           216 (1)
Population:          8,276,000
Area:                164,149 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            TN
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15575, 17705, 9410
Visa Requirements:   No up to three months, UK 4 months - except NZ & AUS
Driving license:     National licence accepted for 3 months
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Private clinics excellent
Notes:               Independence (France): 1956

Contents


201. Turkey


Capital:             Ankarra
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            100 kurus = 1 lire
ISO code:            TRL
Currency rate:       93,293·20
Dial code:           90 312
Population:          58,581,000
Area:                779,450 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            TR
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 12095, 17640, 9410
Visa Requirements:   No up to 90 days - except UK Yes
Driving license:     National licence accepted for temporarily imported vehicles, otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Excellent in main cities - good elsewhere
Notes:               Largest city: Istanbul (216)

Contents


202. Turkmenistan


Capital:             Ashkhabad
GMT-offset:          +5:00
Currency:            
ISO code:            
Currency rate:       
Dial code:           7 (3632)
Population:          3,534,000
Area:                488,100 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   
Driving license:     
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         
Notes:               

Contents


203. Turks & Caicos


Capital:             Cockburn Town
GMT-offset:          -5:00
Currency:            US Dollars
ISO code:            USD
Currency rate:       1·5472
Dial code:           1 809
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Local licence req'd
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Fairly safe - anything serious treated in USA
Notes:               Formerr Capital: Grand Turk. British Commonwealth

Contents


204. Tuvalu


Capital:             Funafuti
GMT-offset:          +12:00
Currency:            Aus Dollars
ISO code:            AUD
Currency rate:       2·0731
Dial code:           688
Population:          9,000
Area:                25·3 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No - except US
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence: 1980

Contents


205. Uganda


Capital:             Kampala
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            100 cents = 1 new shilling
ISO code:            UGX
Currency rate:       1,590·52
Dial code:           256 (41)
Population:          18,690,000
Area:                235,887 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            EAU
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 17885, 21470, 9630
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK
Driving license:     National licence accepted for 90 days or IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         OK only in main towns
Notes:               Indepemdance (Britain): 1962

Contents


206. Ukraine


Capital:             Kiev
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            Karbovanets
ISO code:            UAK
Currency rate:       280,507·30
Dial code:           380 (44)
Population:          51,704,00
Area:                603,700 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 9410, 17640, 15070
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Mostly okay
Notes:               

Contents


207. United Arab Emirates


Capital:             Abu Dhabi
GMT-offset:          +4:00
Currency:            Dirham
ISO code:            AED
Currency rate:       5·6827
Dial code:           971 (2)
Population:          2,390,000
Area:                83,600 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15070, 11760, 1413
Visa Requirements:   Yes - except UK up to 30 days
Driving license:     National licence must be presented to police along with letter from sponsor
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safish
Health care:         Good but expensive
Notes:               Largest city: Dubayy (4). Independence: 1971

Contents


208. United Kingdom


Capital:             London
GMT-offset:          +0:00
Currency:            Pound Sterling
ISO code:            GBP
Currency rate:       1·00
Dial code:           44 (181/171)
Population:          57,515,000
Area:                244,493 km2
Religion:            Protestant
Language:            English
Car code:            GB
Mains voltage:       220v (square pin plugs)
World Service frews: N/A
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       V Good
Health care:         Excellent
Notes:               

Contents


209. United States of America


Capital:             Washington DC
GMT-offset:          -5:00
Currency:            Dollars
ISO code:            USD
Currency rate:       1·5472
Dial code:           1 (202)
Population:          252,502,000
Area:                9,384,658 km2
Religion:            
Language:            English
Car code:            USA
Mains voltage:       110v
World Service frews: East 15220, 11775, 9590
West 15220, 15260, 9640
Visa Requirements:   No CAN, UK up to 90 days - except AUS & NZ
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Excellent but astronomically expensive
Notes:               Largest city: New York (718/212)

Contents


210. Uruguay


Capital:             Montevideo
GMT-offset:          -3:00
Currency:            1,000 milesimas = 100 centesimos = 1 peso
ISO code:            UYU
Currency rate:       11·0780
Dial code:           598 (2)
Population:          3,121,000
Area:                186,925 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            ROU
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15190, 15260, 9915
Visa Requirements:   No - except AUS & NZ
Driving license:     National licence accepted if presented to authorities
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Independence (Brazil): 1828
Health care:         
Notes:               

Contents


211. Uzbekistan


Capital:             Tashkent
GMT-offset:          +6:00
Currency:            ?
ISO code:            ?
Currency rate:       ?
Dial code:           7 (3712)
Population:          19,906,000
Area:                449,600 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 9410, 17640, 12095
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               

Contents


212. Vanuatu


Capital:             Vila
GMT-offset:          +11:00
Currency:            Vatu
ISO code:            VUV
Currency rate:       176·607
Dial code:           678
Population:          170,000
Area:                14,763 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Reasonable standard, serious cases flown to Australia
Notes:               Independence: 1980

Contents


213. Vatican City


Capital:             Vatican City
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            Italian Lire
ISO code:            ITL
Currency rate:       2,434·52
Dial code:           39 66 982
Population:          1,000
Area:                44 hectares
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            V
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 15575, 12095, 9410
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     n/a
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No
Typhoid:             No
Malaria:             No
Polio:               No
Water Quality:       Safish
Health care:         Good
Notes:               

Contents


214. Venezuala


Capital:             Caracas
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            100 centimos = 1 bolivar
ISO code:            VEB
Currency rate:       448·108
Dial code:           58 (2)
Population:          20,189,000
Area:                912,050 km2
Religion:            
Language:            YV
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 15220, 6195, 9915
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Good and expensive
Notes:               Independence (Spain): 1830

Contents


215. Vietnam


Capital:             Hanoi
GMT-offset:          +7:00
Currency:            100 xu  1 dong
ISO code:            VND
Currency rate:       17,037·80
Dial code:           84 (4)
Population:          67,568,000
Area:                332,569 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            VN
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 11955, 9740, 6195
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Recommended
Polio:               Unsafe
Water Quality:       Limited
Health care:         Largest city: Ho Chi Minh City (8, formerly Saigon). Independence (France):1949
Notes:               

Contents


216. Virgin Islands


Capital:             Charlotte Amalie
GMT-offset:          -4:00
Currency:            US Dollars
ISO code:            USD
Currency rate:       1·5472
Dial code:           1 809
Population:          
Area:                
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       110v
World Service frews: 15220, 6195, 9915
Visa Requirements:   Check
Driving license:     National licence accepted
Cholera:             No
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             No
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Safe
Health care:         Good on Tortola
Notes:               

Contents


217. Western Samoa


Capital:             Apia
GMT-offset:          -11:00
Currency:            Tala
ISO code:            WST
Currency rate:       3·9189
Dial code:           685
Population:          190,000
Area:                2,934 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            WS
Mains voltage:       110/220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Check
Driving license:     Check
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               Independence: 1962

Contents


218. Yemen (North)


Capital:             Sanaa
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            40 bogaches = 1 rial
ISO code:            YER
Currency rate:       77·3600
Dial code:           967 (1)
Population:          7,300,000
Area:                195,000 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     National licence accepted accompanied by local licence for 3 months. IDP must be stamped by traffic dept.
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Limited
Notes:               Independence (Turkey): 1918

Contents


219. Yemen (South)


Capital:             Aden
GMT-offset:          +3:00
Currency:            40 bogaches = 1 rial
ISO code:            ?
Currency rate:       216·608
Dial code:           967 (2)
Population:          2,000,000
Area:                333,000 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            ADN
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 
Visa Requirements:   Yes
Driving license:     National licence accepted accompanied by local licence for 3 months. IDP must be stamped by traffic dept.
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Limited
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1967. Formerly Aden

Contents


220. Yugoslavia


Capital:             Belgrade
GMT-offset:          +1:00
Currency:            100 paras = 1 new dinar
ISO code:            YUN
Currency rate:       7·3661
Dial code:           381 (11)
Population:          11,371,275
Area:                102,173 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            YU
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 9410, 15070, 9410
Visa Requirements:   Uncertain
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             
Yellow fever:        
Typhoid:             
Malaria:             
Polio:               
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Uncertain
Notes:               

Contents


221. Zambia


Capital:             Lusaka
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            Kwacha
ISO code:            ZMK
Currency rate:       1,523·99
Dial code:           260 (1)
Population:          8,446,000
Area:                752,618 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            Z
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 17885, 21660, 6190
Visa Requirements:   No - except US
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted otherwise IDP
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        Yes - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Mainly free, variable standard
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1964. Formerly Northern Rhodesia

Contents


222. Zimbabwe


Capital:             Harare (formerly Salisbury)
GMT-offset:          +2:00
Currency:            Dollars
ISO code:            ZWD
Currency rate:       14·4470
Dial code:           263 (4)
Population:          10,720,000
Area:                390,580 km2
Religion:            
Language:            
Car code:            ZW
Mains voltage:       220v
World Service frews: 17885, 21660, 6190
Visa Requirements:   No
Driving license:     Certain licences accepted for 3 months but IDP preferred
Cholera:             Yes
Yellow fever:        No - Certificate req'd if coming from infected areas
Typhoid:             Yes
Malaria:             Yes
Polio:               Recommended
Water Quality:       Unsafe
Health care:         Good in major towns
Notes:               Independence (Britain): 1980