Contents


Contents


1. About World98

Compiled by Christian Morency

World98 is an information database about 264 countries and territories of our modern world. 

The information was processed from various sources, especially the CIA World Factbook 1997, using a small dos program I wrote to filter the information out of the 3mb html files, and from an online currency rates website as of October 1998. I did spent several hours and days working on this. 

At first I thought about writing a shareware to present the info in a graphical user-friendly interface, but since the data came from public domain source, it is only fair to release this in the great spirit of the www.pocketinfo.org website managed by Steve Litchfield. This database is available at this url in EPOC, SIBO and CSV file formats.

If you like World98, you can encourage me by registering one of my shareware for EPOC32, you'll get a great soft in the process :-).

Christian Morency
morency@palmtime.com
http://www.palmtime.com/
October 1998

Reformatted for gjots from the original Psion file world98.s5
from http://3lib.ukonline.co.uk/pocketinfo/index.html

by

Bob Hepple Nov 2002, bhepple@freeshell.org

Contents


2. Afghanistan


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southern Asia
Coordinates:     33 00 N, 65 00 E
Area:            647,500 sq km
Capital:         Kabul
Population:      23,738,085 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     4.48% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Afghan(s)
Languages:       Pashtu, Afghan Persian, Turkic languages
Govt type:       Transitional government
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Afghanis
Currency rate:   28700.000

Contents


3. Albania


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Southeastern Europe
Coordinates:     41 00 N, 20 00 E
Area:            28,750 sq km
Capital:         Tirane
Population:      3,299,757 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.9% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Albanian(s)
Languages:       Albanian, Greek
Govt type:       Emerging democracy
GDP growth:      5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,290 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Leks
Currency rate:   143.000

Contents


4. Algeria


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Northern Africa
Coordinates:     28 00 N, 3 00 E
Area:            2,381,740 sq km
Capital:         Algiers
Population:      29,830,370 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.18% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Algerian(s)
Languages:       Arabic, French
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $4,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Algerian dinars
Currency rate:   58.780

Contents


5. American Samoa


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     14 20 S, 170 00 W
Area:            199 sq km
Capital:         Pago Pago
Population:      61,819 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.72% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     American Samoan(s)
Languages:       Samoan
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $2,600 (1991 est.)
Currency:        US dollars
Currency rate:   1.000

Contents


6. Andorra


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Southwestern Europe
Coordinates:     42 30 N, 1 30 E
Area:            450 sq km
Capital:         Andorra la Vella
Population:      64,000 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.72% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Andorran(s)
Languages:       Catalan, French, Castilian
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $18,000 (1995 est.)
Currency:        French francs
Currency rate:   5.620

Contents


7. Angola


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     12 30 S, 18 30 E
Area:            1,246,700 sq km
Capital:         Luanda
Population:      10,548,847 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.06% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Angolan(s)
Languages:       Portuguese, Bantu and other African languages
Govt type:       Transitional government
GDP growth:      9% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Kwanza reajustado
Currency rate:   411021.000

Contents


8. Anguilla


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     18 15 N, 63 10 W
Area:            91 sq km
Capital:         The Valley
Population:      10,785 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.36% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Anguillan(s)
Languages:       English
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      -4.3% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $7,400 (1995 est.)
Currency:        East Caribbean dollars
Currency rate:   2.700

Contents


9. Antigua and Barbuda


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     17 03 N, 61 48 W
Area:            440 sq km
Capital:         Saint John's
Population:      63,739 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.44% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Antiguan(s), Barbudan(s)
Languages:       English
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      4.7% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $6,800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        East Caribbean dollars
Currency rate:   2.700

Contents


10. Arctic Ocean


Region:          Other
Sub-region:      Body of water
Coordinates:     90 00 N, 0 00 E
Area:            14.056 million sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


11. Argentina


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Southern South America
Coordinates:     34 00 S, 64 00 W
Area:            2,766,890 sq km
Capital:         Buenos Aires
Population:      35,797,985 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.3% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Argentine(s)
Languages:       Spanish, English, Italian, German, French
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      4.4% (1996)
GDP per capita:  $8,600 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Nuevo peso argentino
Currency rate:   0.998

Contents


12. Armenia


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southwestern Asia
Coordinates:     40 00 N, 45 00 E
Area:            29,800 sq km
Capital:         Yerevan
Population:      3,433,629 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.33% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Armenian(s)
Languages:       Armenian, Russian
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Dram
Currency rate:   502.000

Contents


13. Aruba


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     12 30 N, 69 58 W
Area:            193 sq km
Capital:         Oranjestad
Population:      68,031 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.39% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Aruban(s)
Languages:       Dutch
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $21,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Aruban florin
Currency rate:   

Contents


14. Ashmore and Cartier Islands


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southeastern Asia
Coordinates:     12 14 S, 123 05 E
Area:            5 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


15. Atlantic Ocean


Region:          Other
Sub-region:      Body of water
Coordinates:     0 00 N, 25 00 W
Area:            82.217 million sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


16. Australia


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     27 00 S, 133 00 E
Area:            7,686,850 sq km
Capital:         Canberra
Population:      18,438,824 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.96% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Australian(s)
Languages:       English, native languages
Govt type:       Federal parliamentary state
GDP growth:      3.6% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $23,600 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Australian dollars
Currency rate:   1.670

Contents


17. Austria


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Central Europe
Coordinates:     47 20 N, 13 20 E
Area:            83,850 sq km
Capital:         Vienna
Population:      8,132,505 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.02% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Austrian(s)
Languages:       German
Govt type:       Federal republic
GDP growth:      1.1% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $19,700 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Austrian schillings
Currency rate:   11.800

Contents


18. Azerbaijan


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southwestern Asia
Coordinates:     40 30 N, 47 30 E
Area:            86,600 sq km
Capital:         Baku (Baki)
Population:      7,797,476 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.78% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Azerbaijani(s)
Languages:       Azeri, Russian, Armenian
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      1.2% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,550 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Manat
Currency rate:   3804.000

Contents


19. Belarus


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Eastern Europe
Coordinates:     53 00 N, 28 00 E
Area:            207,600 sq km
Capital:         Minsk
Population:      10,412,219 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.01% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Belarusian(s)
Languages:       Byelorussian, Russian
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $5,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Belarusian ruble
Currency rate:   52500.000

Contents


20. Belgium


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Western Europe
Coordinates:     50 50 N, 4 00 E
Area:            30,510 sq km
Capital:         Brussels
Population:      10,165,059 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.11% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Belgian(s)
Languages:       Flemish, French, German
Govt type:       Federal parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch
GDP growth:      1.4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $20,300 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Belgian francs
Currency rate:   34.600

Contents


21. Belize


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Middle America
Coordinates:     17 15 N, 88 45 W
Area:            22,960 sq km
Capital:         Belmopan
Population:      224,663 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.42% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Belizean(s)
Languages:       English, Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,960 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Belizean dollars
Currency rate:   1.980

Contents


22. Benin


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     9 30 N, 2 15 E
Area:            112,620 sq km
Capital:         Porto-Novo
Population:      5,902,178 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.31% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Beninese (singular and plural)
Languages:       French, Fon and Yoruba
Govt type:       Republic under multiparty democratic rule
GDP growth:      5.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,440 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Communaute Financiere Africaine francs
Currency rate:   562.000

Contents


23. Bermuda


Region:          America
Sub-region:      North America
Coordinates:     32 20 N, 64 45 W
Area:            50 sq km
Capital:         Hamilton
Population:      62,569 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.75% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Bermudian(s)
Languages:       English
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      2.4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $29,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Bermudian dollars
Currency rate:   1.000

Contents


24. Bhutan


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southern Asia
Coordinates:     27 30 N, 90 30 E
Area:            47,000 sq km
Capital:         Thimphu
Population:      1,865,191 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.3% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Bhutanese (singular and plural)
Languages:       Dzongkha, Tibetan, Nepalese
Govt type:       Monarchy
GDP growth:      6.9% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $730 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Ngultrum
Currency rate:   42.260

Contents


25. Bolivia


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Central South America
Coordinates:     17 00 S, 65 00 W
Area:            1,098,580 sq km
Capital:         La Paz and Sucre
Population:      7,669,868 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.04% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Bolivian(s)
Languages:       Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      3.9% (1996)
GDP per capita:  $3,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Bolivianos
Currency rate:   5.560

Contents


26. Bosnia and Herzegovina


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Southeastern Europe
Coordinates:     44 00 N, 18 00 E
Area:            51,233 sq km
Capital:         Sarajevo
Population:      3,222,584 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     5.09% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Bosnian(s), Herzegovinian(s)
Languages:       Serbo-Croatian (Bosnian)
Govt type:       Emerging democracy
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $600 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Convertible Marks
Currency rate:   1.680

Contents


27. Botswana


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     22 00 S, 24 00 E
Area:            600,370 sq km
Capital:         Gaborone
Population:      1,500,765 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.48% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)
Languages:       English, Setswana
Govt type:       Parliamentary Republic
GDP growth:      5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,100 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Pula
Currency rate:   4.695

Contents


28. Bouvet Island


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     54 26 S, 3 24 E
Area:            58 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


29. Brazil


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Eastern South America
Coordinates:     10 00 S, 55 00 W
Area:            8,511,965 sq km
Capital:         Brasilia
Population:      164,511,366 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.1% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Brazilian(s)
Languages:       Portuguese, Spanish, English, French
Govt type:       Federal republic
GDP growth:      2.9% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $6,300 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Real
Currency rate:   1.189

Contents


30. British Indian Ocean Territory


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southern Asia
Coordinates:     6 00 S, 71 30 E
Area:            60 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


31. British Virgin Islands


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     18 30 N, 64 30 W
Area:            150 sq km
Capital:         Road Town
Population:      13,368 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.32% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     British Virgin Islander(s)
Languages:       English
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      4% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $10,200 (1995 est.)
Currency:        United States dollars
Currency rate:   1.000

Contents


32. Brunei


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southeastern Asia
Coordinates:     4 30 N, 114 40 E
Area:            5,770 sq km
Capital:         Bandar Seri Begawan
Population:      307,616 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.5% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Bruneian(s)
Languages:       Malay, English, Chinese
Govt type:       Constitutional sultanate
GDP growth:      2% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $15,800 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Bruneian dollars
Currency rate:   1.680

Contents


33. Bulgaria


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Southeastern Europe
Coordinates:     43 00 N, 25 00 E
Area:            110,910 sq km
Capital:         Sofia
Population:      8,290,988 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.63% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Bulgarian(s)
Languages:       Bulgarian
Govt type:       Emerging democracy
GDP growth:      -10% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $4,630 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Leva
Currency rate:   1675.000

Contents


34. Burkina Faso


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     13 00 N, 2 00 W
Area:            274,200 sq km
Capital:         Ouagadougou
Population:      10,891,159 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.45% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Burkinabe (singular and plural)
Languages:       French, Sudanic
Govt type:       Parliamentary
GDP growth:      5.4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $740 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Communaute Financiere Africaine francs
Currency rate:   562.000

Contents


35. Burma


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southeastern Asia
Coordinates:     22 00 N, 98 00 E
Area:            678,500 sq km
Capital:         Rangoon (Yangon)
Population:      46,821,943 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.81% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Burmese (singular and plural)
Languages:       Burmese
Govt type:       Military regime
GDP growth:      7% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,120 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Kyats
Currency rate:   249.000

Contents


36. Bahrain


Region:          Middle East
Sub-region:      Middle East
Coordinates:     26 00 N, 50 33 E
Area:            620 sq km
Capital:         Manama
Population:      603,318 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.18% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Bahraini(s)
Languages:       Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu
Govt type:       Traditional Monarchy
GDP growth:      3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $13,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Bahraini dinars
Currency rate:   0.376

Contents


37. Baker Island


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     0 13 N, 176 31 W
Area:            1.4 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


38. Bangladesh


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southern Asia
Coordinates:     24 00 N, 90 00 E
Area:            144,000 sq km
Capital:         Dhaka
Population:      125,340,261 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.82% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Bangladeshi(s)
Languages:       Bangla, English
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      4.7% (1996)
GDP per capita:  $1,260 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Takas
Currency rate:   46.960

Contents


39. Barbados


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     13 10 N, 59 32 W
Area:            430 sq km
Capital:         Bridgetown
Population:      258,756 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.12% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Barbadian(s)
Languages:       English
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      3.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $10,300 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Barbadian dollars
Currency rate:   2.000

Contents


40. Bassas da India


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     21 30 S, 39 50 E
Area:            0.2 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


41. Cambodia


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southeastern Asia
Coordinates:     13 00 N, 105 00 E
Area:            181,040 sq km
Capital:         Phnom Penh
Population:      11,163,861 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.72% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Cambodian(s)
Languages:       Khmer, French
Govt type:       Multiparty liberal democracy under a constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      7.4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $710 (1996 est.)
Currency:        New riel
Currency rate:   3790.000

Contents


42. Cameroon


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     6 00 N, 12 00 E
Area:            475,440 sq km
Capital:         Yaounde
Population:      14,677,510 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.86% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Cameroonian(s)
Languages:       African languages, English, French
Govt type:       Unitary republic
GDP growth:      3.4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,230 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Communaute Financiere Africaine francs
Currency rate:   562.000

Contents


43. Canada


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Northern North America
Coordinates:     60 00 N, 95 00 W
Area:            9,976,140 sq km
Capital:         Ottawa
Population:      30,337,334 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.13% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Canadian(s)
Languages:       English, French
Govt type:       Confederation with parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      1.4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $25,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Canadian dollars
Currency rate:   1.500

Contents


44. Cape Verde


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     16 00 N, 24 00 W
Area:            4,030 sq km
Capital:         Praia
Population:      393,943 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.54% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Cape Verdean(s)
Languages:       Portuguese, Crioulo
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      4.7% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,000 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Cape Verdean escudo
Currency rate:   95.280

Contents


45. Cayman Islands


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     19 30 N, 80 30 W
Area:            260 sq km
Capital:         George Town
Population:      36,153 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     4.25% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Caymanian(s)
Languages:       English
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      4.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $23,800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Caymanian dollars
Currency rate:   0.810

Contents


46. Central African Republic


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Central Africa
Coordinates:     7 00 N, 21 00 E
Area:            622,980 sq km
Capital:         Bangui
Population:      3,342,051 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.01% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Central African(s)
Languages:       French, Sangho, Arabic
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      4.8% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $800 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Communaute Financiere Africaine francs
Currency rate:   562.000

Contents


47. Chad


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Central Africa
Coordinates:     15 00 N, 19 00 E
Area:            1.284 million sq km
Capital:         N'Djamena
Population:      7,166,023 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.67% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Chadian(s)
Languages:       French, Arabic, Sara and Sango
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      2.6% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $600 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Communaute Financiere Africaine francs
Currency rate:   562.000

Contents


48. Chile


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Southern South America
Coordinates:     30 00 S, 71 00 W
Area:            756,950 sq km
Capital:         Santiago
Population:      14,508,158 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.18% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Chilean(s)
Languages:       Spanish
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      6.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $8,400 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Chilean new pesos
Currency rate:   467.000

Contents


49. China


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Eastern Asia
Coordinates:     35 00 N, 105 00 E
Area:            9,596,960 sq km
Capital:         Beijing
Population:      1,221,591,778 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.93% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Chinese (singular and plural)
Languages:       Standard Chinese or Mandarin
Govt type:       Communist state
GDP growth:      9.7% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Yuan renminbi
Currency rate:   8.266

Contents


50. Christmas Island


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southeastern Asia
Coordinates:     10 30 S, 105 40 E
Area:            135 sq km
Capital:         The Settlement
Population:      743 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -8.98% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Christmas Islander(s)
Languages:       English
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        Australian dollars
Currency rate:   1.670

Contents


51. Clipperton Island


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Middle America
Coordinates:     10 17 N, 109 13 W
Area:            7 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


52. Cocos (Keeling) Islands


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southeastern Asia
Coordinates:     12 30 S, 96 50 E
Area:            14 sq km
Capital:         West Island
Population:      617 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.98% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Cocos Islander(s)
Languages:       English, Malay
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        Australian dollars
Currency rate:   1.670

Contents


53. Colombia


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Northern South America
Coordinates:     4 00 N, 72 00 W
Area:            1,138,910 sq km
Capital:         Bogota
Population:      37,418,290 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.61% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Colombian(s)
Languages:       Spanish
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      2.1% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $5,400 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Colombian pesos
Currency rate:   1560.000

Contents


54. Comoros


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     12 10 S, 44 15 E
Area:            2,170 sq km
Capital:         Moroni
Population:      528,893 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.09% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Comoran(s)
Languages:       Arabic, French, Comoran
Govt type:       Independent republic
GDP growth:      -2.3% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $650 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Comoran francs
Currency rate:   421.500

Contents


55. Congo


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Central Africa
Coordinates:     0 00 N, 25 00 E
Area:            2,345,410 sq km
Capital:         Kinshasa
Population:      47,440,362 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.34% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Congolese (singular and plural)
Languages:       French, Lingala, Kingwana
Govt type:       Republic with a strong presidential system
GDP growth:      -0.7% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $400 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Franc congolais
Currency rate:   2.220

Contents


56. Congo


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     1 00 S, 15 00 E
Area:            342,000 sq km
Capital:         Brazzaville
Population:      2,583,198 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.15% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Congolese (singular and plural)
Languages:       French, Lingala, Kikongo
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      0.9% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,960 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Communaute Financiere Africaine francs
Currency rate:   562.000

Contents


57. Cook Islands


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     21 14 S, 159 46 W
Area:            240 sq km
Capital:         Avarua
Population:      19,776 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.08% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Cook Islander(s)
Languages:       English, Maori
Govt type:       Self-governing parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $3,000 (1993 est.)
Currency:        New Zealand dollars
Currency rate:   1.980

Contents


58. Coral Sea Islands


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     18 00 S, 152 00 E
Area:            less than 3 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


59. Costa Rica


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Middle America
Coordinates:     10 00 N, 84 00 W
Area:            51,100 sq km
Capital:         San Jose
Population:      3,534,174 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Costa Rican(s)
Languages:       Spanish, English
Govt type:       Democratic republic
GDP growth:      -0.9% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $5,500 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Costa Rican colones
Currency rate:   263.450

Contents


60. Cote d'Ivoire


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     8 00 N, 5 00 W
Area:            322,460 sq km
Capital:         Yamoussoukro
Population:      14,986,218 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.35% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Ivorian(s)
Languages:       French
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      6.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,620 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Communaute Financiere Africaine francs
Currency rate:   562.000

Contents


61. Croatia


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Southeastern Europe
Coordinates:     45 10 N, 15 30 E
Area:            56,538 sq km
Capital:         Zagreb
Population:      4,664,710 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.17% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Croat(s)
Languages:       Serbo-Croatian, Italian, Hungarian, Czechoslovak
Govt type:       Presidential/parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $4,300 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Croatian kuna
Currency rate:   6.500

Contents


62. Cuba


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     21 30 N, 80 00 W
Area:            110,860 sq km
Capital:         Havana
Population:      10,999,041 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.42% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Cuban(s)
Languages:       Spanish
Govt type:       Communist state
GDP growth:      7.8% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,480 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Cuban pesos
Currency rate:   1.000

Contents


63. Cyprus


Region:          Middle East
Sub-region:      Middle East
Coordinates:     35 00 N, 33 00 E
Area:            9,250 sq km
Capital:         Nicosia
Population:      752,808 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.08% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Cypriot(s)
Languages:       Greek, Turkish, English
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      3.4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $11,800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Cypriot pounds
Currency rate:   0.495

Contents


64. Czech Republic


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Central Europe
Coordinates:     49 45 N, 15 30 E
Area:            78,703 sq km
Capital:         Prague
Population:      10,298,324 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.13% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Czech(s)
Languages:       Czech, Slovak
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $11,100 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Korunas
Currency rate:   30.000

Contents


65. Denmark


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Northern Europe
Coordinates:     56 00 N, 10 00 E
Area:            43,094 sq km
Capital:         Copenhagen
Population:      5,305,048 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.59% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Dane(s)
Languages:       Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic, German
Govt type:       Constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      2% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $22,700 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Danish kroner
Currency rate:   6.380

Contents


66. Djibouti


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Eastern Africa
Coordinates:     11 30 N, 43 00 E
Area:            22,000 sq km
Capital:         Djibouti
Population:      434,116 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.51% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Djiboutian(s)
Languages:       French, Arabic, Somali, Afar
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      -3.1% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,200 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Djiboutian francs
Currency rate:   177.000

Contents


67. Dominica


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     13 30 N, 61 20 W
Area:            750 sq km
Capital:         Roseau
Population:      66,633 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -1.26% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Dominican(s)
Languages:       English, French patois
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      1.7% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,500 (1996 est.)
Currency:        East Caribbean dollars
Currency rate:   2.700

Contents


68. Dominican Republic


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     19 00 N, 70 40 W
Area:            48,730 sq km
Capital:         Santo Domingo
Population:      7,868,731 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.65% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Dominican(s)
Languages:       Spanish
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      7.3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,670 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Dominican pesos
Currency rate:   15.300

Contents


69. Ecuador


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Western South America
Coordinates:     2 00 S, 77 30 W
Area:            283,560 sq km
Capital:         Quito
Population:      12,105,124 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.93% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Ecuadorian(s)
Languages:       Spanish, Amerindian languages
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      2% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $4,100 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Sucres
Currency rate:   6068.000

Contents


70. Egypt


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Northern Africa
Coordinates:     27 00 N, 30 00 E
Area:            1,001,450 sq km
Capital:         Cairo
Population:      64,824,466 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.89% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Egyptian(s)
Languages:       Arabic, English and French
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      4.9% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,900 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Egyptian pounds
Currency rate:   3.393

Contents


71. El Salvador


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Middle America
Coordinates:     13 50 N, 88 55 W
Area:            21,040 sq km
Capital:         San Salvador
Population:      5,661,827 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.6% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Salvadoran(s)
Languages:       Spanish, Nahua
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,080 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Salvadoran colones
Currency rate:   8.720

Contents


72. Equatorial Guinea


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     2 00 N, 10 00 E
Area:            28,050 sq km
Capital:         Malabo
Population:      442,516 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.57% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Equatorial Guinean(s) or Equatoguinean(s)
Languages:       Spanish, English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo
Govt type:       Republic in transition to multiparty democracy
GDP growth:      11.2% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $800 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Communaute Financiere Africaine francs
Currency rate:   562.000

Contents


73. Eritrea


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Eastern Africa
Coordinates:     15 00 N, 39 00 E
Area:            121,320 sq km
Capital:         Asmara (formerly Asmera)
Population:      3,589,687 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     6.35% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Eritrean(s)
Languages:       Afar, Amharic, Arabic, Italian, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya
Govt type:       Transitional government
GDP growth:      3.9% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $570 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Nakfa
Currency rate:   7.460

Contents


74. Estonia


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Eastern Europe
Coordinates:     59 00 N, 26 00 E
Area:            45,226 sq km
Capital:         Tallinn
Population:      1,436,558 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -1.14% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Estonian(s)
Languages:       Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $5,560 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Estonian kroon
Currency rate:   13.440

Contents


75. Ethiopia


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Eastern Africa
Coordinates:     8 00 N, 38 00 E
Area:            1,127,127 sq km
Capital:         Addis Ababa
Population:      58,732,577 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.67% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Ethiopian(s)
Languages:       Amharic, Tigrinya, Orominga, Guaraginga, Somali, Arabic
Govt type:       Federal republic
GDP growth:      7.7% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $430 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Birr
Currency rate:   7.265

Contents


76. Europa Island


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     22 20 S, 40 22 E
Area:            28 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


77. Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Southern South America
Coordinates:     51 45 S, 59 00 W
Area:            12,170 sq km
Capital:         Stanley
Population:      2,432 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.43% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Falkland Islander(s)
Languages:       English
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        Falkland pounds
Currency rate:   

Contents


78. Faroe Islands


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Northern Europe
Coordinates:     62 00 N, 7 00 W
Area:            1,399 sq km
Capital:         Torshavn
Population:      39,873 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -6.36% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Faroese (singular and plural)
Languages:       Faroese, Danish
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      6% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $16,300 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Danish kroner
Currency rate:   6.380

Contents


79. Fiji


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     18 00 S, 175 00 E
Area:            18,270 sq km
Capital:         Suva
Population:      792,441 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.28% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Fijian(s)
Languages:       English, Fijian, Hindustani
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $6,500 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Fijian dollars
Currency rate:   2.040

Contents


80. Finland


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Northern Europe
Coordinates:     64 00 N, 26 00 E
Area:            337,030 sq km
Capital:         Helsinki
Population:      5,137,269 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.26% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Finn(s)
Languages:       Finnish, Swedish
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      2.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $19,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Markka
Currency rate:   5.110

Contents


81. France


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Western Europe
Coordinates:     46 00 N, 2 00 E
Area:            547,030 sq km
Capital:         Paris
Population:      58,609,285 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.35% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)
Languages:       French
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      1.3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $20,900 (1996 est.)
Currency:        French francs
Currency rate:   5.620

Contents


82. French Guiana


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Northern South America
Coordinates:     4 00 N, 53 00 W
Area:            91,000 sq km
Capital:         Cayenne
Population:      156,946 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.62% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     French Guianese (singular and plural)
Languages:       French
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $6,000 (1993 est.)
Currency:        French francs
Currency rate:   5.620

Contents


83. French Polynesia


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     15 00 S, 140 00 W
Area:            4,167 sq km
Capital:         Papeete
Population:      233,488 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.89% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     French Polynesian(s)
Languages:       French, Tahitian
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $8,000 (1995 est.)
Currency:        CFP francs
Currency rate:   102.180

Contents


84. French Southern and Antarctic Lands


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      South of Africa
Coordinates:     43 00 S, 67 00 E
Area:            7,781 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


85. Gabon


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     1 00 S, 11 45 E
Area:            267,670 sq km
Capital:         Libreville
Population:      1,190,159 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.47% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Gabonese (singular and plural)
Languages:       French, Fang, Myene, Bateke, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      2.6% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $5,400 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Communaute Financiere Africaine francs
Currency rate:   562.000

Contents


86. Gaza Strip


Region:          Middle East
Sub-region:      Middle East
Coordinates:     31 25 N, 34 20 E
Area:            360 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      987,869 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     6.59% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     
Languages:       Arabic, Hebrew, English
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      -1% to -2% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,100 (1996 est.)
Currency:        New Israeli shekels
Currency rate:   

Contents


87. Georgia


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southwestern Asia
Coordinates:     42 00 N, 43 30 E
Area:            69,700 sq km
Capital:         T'bilisi
Population:      5,160,042 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -1.09% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Georgian(s)
Languages:       Armenian, Azeri , Georgian, Russian
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      11% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,350 (1996 est.)
Currency:        lari
Currency rate:   1.330

Contents


88. Germany


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Central Europe
Coordinates:     51 00 N, 9 00 E
Area:            356,910 sq km
Capital:         Berlin
Population:      82,071,765 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     German(s)
Languages:       German
Govt type:       Federal republic
GDP growth:      1.4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $20,400 (est.)
Currency:        Deutsche marks
Currency rate:   1.680

Contents


89. Ghana


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     8 00 N, 2 00 W
Area:            238,540 sq km
Capital:         Accra
Population:      18,100,703 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.21% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Ghanaian(s)
Languages:       English, African languages
Govt type:       Constitutional democracy
GDP growth:      5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,530 (1996 est.)
Currency:        New cedi
Currency rate:   2310.360

Contents


90. Gibraltar


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Southwestern Europe
Coordinates:     36 11 N, 5 22 W
Area:            6.5 sq km
Capital:         Gibraltar
Population:      28,913 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.48% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Gibraltarian(s)
Languages:       English, Spanish, Italian
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $6,600 (1993 est.)
Currency:        Gibraltar pounds
Currency rate:   

Contents


91. Glorioso Islands


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     11 30 S, 47 20 E
Area:            5 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


92. Greece


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Southern Europe
Coordinates:     39 00 N, 22 00 E
Area:            131,940 sq km
Capital:         Athens
Population:      10,616,055 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.44% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Greek(s)
Languages:       Greek, English, French
Govt type:       Parliamentary republic
GDP growth:      2.2% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $10,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Drachmae
Currency rate:   289.000

Contents


93. Greenland


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Northern North America
Coordinates:     72 00 N, 40 00 W
Area:            2,175,600 sq km
Capital:         Nuuk (Godthab)
Population:      58,768 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.94% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Greenlander(s)
Languages:       Eskimo, Danish, Greenlandic
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $15,500 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Danish kroner
Currency rate:   6.380

Contents


94. Grenada


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     12 07 N, 61 40 W
Area:            340 sq km
Capital:         Saint George's
Population:      95,537 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.66% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Grenadian(s)
Languages:       English, French patois
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,160 (1996 est.)
Currency:        East Caribbean dollars
Currency rate:   2.700

Contents


95. Guadeloupe


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     16 15 N, 61 35 W
Area:            1,780 sq km
Capital:         Basse-Terre
Population:      411,823 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.13% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Guadeloupian(s)
Languages:       French, Creole patois
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $9,200 (1995 est.)
Currency:        French francs
Currency rate:   5.620

Contents


96. Guam


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     13 28 N, 144 47 E
Area:            541.3 sq km
Capital:         Agana
Population:      160,595 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.5% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Guamanian(s)
Languages:       English, Chamorro, Japanese
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $19,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        United States dollars
Currency rate:   1.000

Contents


97. Guatemala


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Middle America
Coordinates:     15 30 N, 90 15 W
Area:            108,890 sq km
Capital:         Guatemala
Population:      11,685,695 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.73% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Guatemalan(s)
Languages:       Spanish, Amerindian languages
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,460 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Quetzales
Currency rate:   6.350

Contents


98. Guernsey


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Western Europe
Coordinates:     49 28 N, 2 35 W
Area:            194 sq km
Capital:         Saint Peter Port
Population:      63,731 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.28% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Channel Islander(s)
Languages:       English, French, Norman-French
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        Guernsey pounds
Currency rate:   

Contents


99. Guinea


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     11 00 N, 10 00 W
Area:            245,860 sq km
Capital:         Conakry
Population:      7,405,375 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.1% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Guinean(s)
Languages:       French
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      6% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $950 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Guinean francs
Currency rate:   1232.570

Contents


100. Guinea-Bissau


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     12 00 N, 15 00 W
Area:            36,120 sq km
Capital:         Bissau
Population:      1,178,584 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.33% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Guinea-Bissauan(s)
Languages:       Portuguese, Criolo, African languages
Govt type:       Republic, multiparty
GDP growth:      4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $950 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Communaute Financiere Africaine francs
Currency rate:   562.000

Contents


101. Guyana


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Northern South America
Coordinates:     5 00 N, 59 00 W
Area:            214,970 sq km
Capital:         Georgetown
Population:      706,116 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.78% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Guyanese (singular and plural)
Languages:       English, Amerindian dialects
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      7.9% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,490 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Guyanese dollars
Currency rate:   150.000

Contents


102. Haiti


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     19 00 N, 72 25 W
Area:            27,750 sq km
Capital:         Port-au-Prince
Population:      6,611,407 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.39% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Haitian(s)
Languages:       French, Creole
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      2% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Gourdes
Currency rate:   16.300

Contents


103. Heard Island and McDonald Islands


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     53 06 S, 72 31 E
Area:            412 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


104. Holy See (Vatican City)


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Southern Europe
Coordinates:     41 54 N, 12 27 E
Area:            0.44 sq km
Capital:         Vatican City
Population:      850 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.15% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     
Languages:       Italian, Latin
Govt type:       Monarchical-sacerdotal state
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        Vatican lira
Currency rate:   

Contents


105. Honduras


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Middle America
Coordinates:     15 00 N, 86 30 W
Area:            112,090 sq km
Capital:         Tegucigalpa
Population:      5,751,384 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.55% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Honduran(s)
Languages:       Spanish, Amerindian dialects
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Lempiras
Currency rate:   13.484

Contents


106. Hong Kong


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Eastern Asia
Coordinates:     22 15 N, 114 10 E
Area:            1,092 sq km
Capital:         Victoria
Population:      6,547,189 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.59% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Chinese
Languages:       Chinese (Cantonese), English
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      4.7% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $26,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Hong Kong dollars
Currency rate:   7.730

Contents


107. Howland Island


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     0 48 N, 176 38 W
Area:            1.6 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


108. Hungary


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Central Europe
Coordinates:     47 00 N, 20 00 E
Area:            93,030 sq km
Capital:         Budapest
Population:      10,232,404 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.25% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Hungarian(s)
Languages:       Hungarian
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      0.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $7,500 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Forints
Currency rate:   219.000

Contents


109. Iceland


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Northern Europe
Coordinates:     65 00 N, 18 00 W
Area:            103,000 sq km
Capital:         Reykjavik
Population:      269,697 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.47% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Icelander(s)
Languages:       Icelandic
Govt type:       Constitutional republic
GDP growth:      3.3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $19,800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Icelandic krona
Currency rate:   67.200

Contents


110. India


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southern Asia
Coordinates:     20 00 N, 77 00 E
Area:            3,287,590 sq km
Capital:         New Delhi
Population:      966,783,171 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.72% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Indian(s)
Languages:       English
Govt type:       Federal republic
GDP growth:      6.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,600 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Indian rupees
Currency rate:   42.260

Contents


111. Indian Ocean


Region:          Other
Sub-region:      Body of water
Coordinates:     30 00 S, 80 00 E
Area:            73.6 million sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


112. Indonesia


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southeastern Asia
Coordinates:     5 00 S, 120 00 E
Area:            1,919,440 sq km
Capital:         Jakarta
Population:      209,774,138 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.51% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Indonesian(s)
Languages:       Bahasa Indonesia, English, Dutch,
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      7% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,770 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Indonesian rupiahs
Currency rate:   10300.000

Contents


113. Iran


Region:          Middle East
Sub-region:      Middle East
Coordinates:     32 00 N, 53 00 E
Area:            1.648 million sq km
Capital:         Tehran
Population:      67,540,002 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.12% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Iranian(s)
Languages:       Persian and Persian, Turkic, Kurdish
Govt type:       Theocratic republic
GDP growth:      3.6% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $5,200 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Iranian rials
Currency rate:   5730.000

Contents


114. Iraq


Region:          Middle East
Sub-region:      Middle East
Coordinates:     33 00 N, 44 00 E
Area:            437,072 sq km
Capital:         Baghdad
Population:      22,219,289 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.62% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Iraqi(s)
Languages:       Arabic, Kurdish, Assyrian, Armenian
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      0% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Iraqi dinars
Currency rate:   1600.000

Contents


115. Ireland


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Western Europe
Coordinates:     53 00 N, 8 00 W
Area:            70,280 sq km
Capital:         Dublin
Population:      3,606,952 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.33% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Irishman(men), Irishwoman(men), Irish (collective plural)
Languages:       Irish (Gaelic)
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      7% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $16,800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Irish punts
Currency rate:   0.669

Contents


116. Israel


Region:          Middle East
Sub-region:      Middle East
Coordinates:     31 30 N, 34 45 E
Area:            20,770 sq km
Capital:         Jerusalem
Population:      5,534,672 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.01% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Israeli(s)
Languages:       Hebrew, Arabic, English
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      4.6% (1996)
GDP per capita:  $16,400 (1996 est.)
Currency:        New Israeli shekels
Currency rate:   3.812

Contents


117. Italy


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Southern Europe
Coordinates:     42 50 N, 12 50 E
Area:            301,230 sq km
Capital:         Rome
Population:      56,830,508 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.08% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Italian(s)
Languages:       Italian, German
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      0.8% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $19,600 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Italian lire
Currency rate:   1665.000

Contents


118. Jamaica


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     18 15 N, 77 30 W
Area:            10,990 sq km
Capital:         Kingston
Population:      2,615,582 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.75% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Jamaican(s)
Languages:       English, Creole
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      0.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,260 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Jamaican dollars
Currency rate:   36.711

Contents


119. Jan Mayen


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Northern Europe
Coordinates:     71 00 N, 8 00 W
Area:            373 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


120. Japan


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Eastern Asia
Coordinates:     36 00 N, 138 00 E
Area:            377,835 sq km
Capital:         Tokyo
Population:      125,732,794 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.23% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Japanese (singular and plural)
Languages:       Japanese
Govt type:       Constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      3.6% (1996)
GDP per capita:  $22,700 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Yen
Currency rate:   134.000

Contents


121. Jarvis Island


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     0 22 S, 160 03 W
Area:            4.5 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


122. Jersey


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Western Europe
Coordinates:     49 15 N, 2 10 W
Area:            117 sq km
Capital:         Saint Helier
Population:      88,510 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.73% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Channel Islander(s)
Languages:       English, French, Norman-French dialect
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        Jersey pounds
Currency rate:   

Contents


123. Johnston Atoll


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     16 45 N, 169 30 W
Area:            2.8 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


124. Jordan


Region:          Middle East
Sub-region:      Middle East
Coordinates:     31 00 N, 36 00 E
Area:            89,213 sq km
Capital:         Amman
Population:      4,324,638 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.6% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Jordanian(s)
Languages:       Arabic, English
Govt type:       Constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      5.9% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $5,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Jordanian dinars
Currency rate:   0.708

Contents


125. Juan de Nova Island


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     17 03 S, 42 45 E
Area:            4.4 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


126. Kazakstan


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Central Asia
Coordinates:     48 00 N, 68 00 E
Area:            2,717,300 sq km
Capital:         Almaty
Population:      16,881,793 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.24% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Kazakstani(s)
Languages:       Kazak (Qazaq), Russian
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      1.1% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,880 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Kazakstani tenge
Currency rate:   79.500

Contents


127. Kenya


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Eastern Africa
Coordinates:     1 00 N, 38 00 E
Area:            582,650 sq km
Capital:         Nairobi
Population:      28,803,085 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.13% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Kenyan(s)
Languages:       English, Swahili
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,400 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Kenyan shillings
Currency rate:   60.000

Contents


128. Kingman Reef


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     6 24 N, 162 24 W
Area:            1 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


129. Kiribati


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     1 25 N, 173 00 E
Area:            717 sq km
Capital:         Tarawa
Population:      82,449 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.85% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     I-Kiribati (singular and plural)
Languages:       English, Gilbertese
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      2.6% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Australian dollars
Currency rate:   1.670

Contents


130. Korea


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Eastern Asia
Coordinates:     40 00 N, 127 00 E
Area:            120,540 sq km
Capital:         P'yongyang
Population:      24,317,004 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.68% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Korean(s)
Languages:       Korean
Govt type:       Communist state
GDP growth:      -5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $900 (1996 est.)
Currency:        North Korean won
Currency rate:   2.130

Contents


131. Korea


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Eastern Asia
Coordinates:     37 00 N, 127 30 E
Area:            98,480 sq km
Capital:         Seoul
Population:      45,948,811 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.02% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Korean(s)
Languages:       Korean, English
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      6.9% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $14,200 (1996 est.)
Currency:        South Korean won
Currency rate:   1376.000

Contents


132. Kuwait


Region:          Middle East
Sub-region:      Middle East
Coordinates:     29 30 N, 45 45 E
Area:            17,820 sq km
Capital:         Kuwait
Population:      1,834,269 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     4.34% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Kuwaiti(s)
Languages:       Arabic, English
Govt type:       Nominal constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $16,700 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Kuwaiti dinars
Currency rate:   0.303

Contents


133. Kyrgyzstan


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Central Asia
Coordinates:     41 00 N, 75 00 E
Area:            198,500 sq km
Capital:         Bishkek
Population:      4,512,809 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.05% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Kyrgyzstani(s)
Languages:       Kirghiz (Kyrgyz), Russian
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      5.6% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,290 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Kyrgyzstani som
Currency rate:   21.450

Contents


134. Laos


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southeastern Asia
Coordinates:     18 00 N, 105 00 E
Area:            236,800 sq km
Capital:         Vientiane
Population:      5,116,959 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.78% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Lao(s) or Laotian(s)
Languages:       Lao, French, English
Govt type:       Communist state
GDP growth:      7.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,150 (1996 est.)
Currency:        New kips
Currency rate:   4110.000

Contents


135. Latvia


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Eastern Europe
Coordinates:     57 00 N, 25 00 E
Area:            64,100 sq km
Capital:         Riga
Population:      2,421,163 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -1.56% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Latvian(s)
Languages:       Lettish, Lithuanian, Russian
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      2.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Latvian lat
Currency rate:   0.580

Contents


136. Lebanon


Region:          Middle East
Sub-region:      Middle East
Coordinates:     33 50 N, 35 50 E
Area:            10,400 sq km
Capital:         Beirut
Population:      3,449,578 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.62% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Lebanese (singular and plural)
Languages:       Arabic, French, Armenian, English
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      3.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,400 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Lebanese pounds
Currency rate:   1504.000

Contents


137. Lesotho


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     29 30 S, 28 30 E
Area:            30,350 sq km
Capital:         Maseru
Population:      2,007,814 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.83% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Mosotho (singular), Basotho (plural)
Languages:       Sesotho, English, Zulu, Xhosa
Govt type:       Modified constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      10% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,860 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Maloti
Currency rate:   5.850

Contents


138. Liberia


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     6 30 N, 9 30 W
Area:            111,370 sq km
Capital:         Monrovia
Population:      2,602,068 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     6.92% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Liberian(s)
Languages:       English
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      0% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,100 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Liberian dollars
Currency rate:   1.000

Contents


139. Libya


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Northern Africa
Coordinates:     25 00 N, 17 00 E
Area:            1,759,540 sq km
Capital:         Tripoli
Population:      5,648,359 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.64% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Libyan(s)
Languages:       Arabic, Italian, English
Govt type:       Jamahiriya (a state of the masses)
GDP growth:      2.2% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $6,570 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Libyan dinars
Currency rate:   0.384

Contents


140. Liechtenstein


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Central Europe
Coordinates:     47 10 N, 9 32 E
Area:            160 sq km
Capital:         Vaduz
Population:      31,389 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.02% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Liechtensteiner(s)
Languages:       German, Alemannic dialect
Govt type:       Hereditary constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $23,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Swiss francs
Currency rate:   1.390

Contents


141. Lithuania


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Eastern Europe
Coordinates:     56 00 N, 24 00 E
Area:            65,200 sq km
Capital:         Vilnius
Population:      3,617,104 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.49% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Lithuanian(s)
Languages:       Lithuanian, Polish, Russian
Govt type:       Independent, democratic republic
GDP growth:      3.4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,870 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Lithuanian litas
Currency rate:   4.000

Contents


142. Luxembourg


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Western Europe
Coordinates:     49 45 N, 6 10 E
Area:            2,586 sq km
Capital:         Luxembourg
Population:      420,416 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.16% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Luxembourger(s)
Languages:       Luxembourgish, German, French, English
Govt type:       Constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      3.7% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $24,500 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Luxembourg francs
Currency rate:   34.600

Contents


143. Macau


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Eastern Asia
Coordinates:     22 10 N, 113 33 E
Area:            16 sq km
Capital:         Macau
Population:      502,325 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.05% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Macanese (singular and plural)
Languages:       Portuguese, Chinese (Cantonese)
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $13,600 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Patacas
Currency rate:   8.020

Contents


144. Macedonia


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Southeastern Europe
Coordinates:     41 50 N, 22 00 E
Area:            25,333 sq km
Capital:         Skopje
Population:      1,995,859 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.68% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Macedonian(s)
Languages:       Macedonian, Albanian, Turkish, Serbo-Croatian
Govt type:       Emerging democracy
GDP growth:      1.1% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $960 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Macedonian denars
Currency rate:   51.900

Contents


145. Madagascar


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     20 00 S, 47 00 E
Area:            587,040 sq km
Capital:         Antananarivo
Population:      14,061,627 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.82% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Malagasy (singular and plural)
Languages:       French, Malagasy
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      3.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $880 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Malagasy francs
Currency rate:   5344.040

Contents


146. Malawi


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     13 30 S, 34 00 E
Area:            118,480 sq km
Capital:         Lilongwe
Population:      9,609,081 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.57% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Malawian(s)
Languages:       English, Chichewa
Govt type:       Multiparty democracy
GDP growth:      6% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Malawian kwacha
Currency rate:   42.500

Contents


147. Malaysia


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southeastern Asia
Coordinates:     2 30 N, 112 30 E
Area:            329,750 sq km
Capital:         Kuala Lumpur
Population:      20,491,303 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.15% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Malaysian(s)
Languages:       Peninsular Malaysia - Malay, English, Chinese dialects, Tamil
Govt type:       Constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      8.2% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $10,750 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Ringgit
Currency rate:   3.601

Contents


148. Maldives


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southern Asia
Coordinates:     3 15 N, 73 00 E
Area:            300 sq km
Capital:         Male (Maale)
Population:      280,391 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.47% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Maldivian(s)
Languages:       Maldivian Divehi, English
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      5.8% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,620 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Rufiyaa
Currency rate:   11.720

Contents


149. Mali


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     17 00 N, 4 00 W
Area:            1.24 million sq km
Capital:         Bamako
Population:      9,788,904 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.18% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Malian(s)
Languages:       French, Bambara, African languages
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      5.2% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $600 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Communaute Financiere Africaine francs
Currency rate:   562.000

Contents


150. Malta


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Southern Europe
Coordinates:     35 50 N, 14 35 E
Area:            320 sq km
Capital:         Valletta
Population:      377,177 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.68% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Maltese (singular and plural)
Languages:       Maltese, English
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $12,600 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Maltese liri
Currency rate:   0.396

Contents


151. Man


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Western Europe
Coordinates:     54 15 N, 4 30 W
Area:            588 sq km
Capital:         Douglas
Population:      74,504 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.86% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Manxman, Manxwoman
Languages:       English, Manx Gaelic
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $10,800 (1994 est.)
Currency:        Manx pounds
Currency rate:   

Contents


152. Marshall Islands


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     9 00 N, 168 00 E
Area:            181.3 sq km
Capital:         Majuro
Population:      60,652 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.85% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Marshallese (singular and plural)
Languages:       English
Govt type:       Constitutional government in free association with the US
GDP growth:      1.5% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,680 (1995 est.)
Currency:        United States dollars
Currency rate:   1.000

Contents


153. Martinique


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     14 40 N, 61 00 W
Area:            1,100 sq km
Capital:         Fort-de-France
Population:      402,984 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.07% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Martiniquais (singular and plural)
Languages:       French, Creole patois
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $10,000 (1995 est.)
Currency:        French francs
Currency rate:   5.620

Contents


154. Mauritania


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Northern Africa
Coordinates:     20 00 N, 12 00 W
Area:            1,030,700 sq km
Capital:         Nouakchott
Population:      2,411,317 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.17% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Mauritanian(s)
Languages:       Hasaniya Arabic, Pular, Soninke, Wolof
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      6% (1995)
GDP per capita:  $1,200 (1995)
Currency:        Ouguiya
Currency rate:   202.360

Contents


155. Mauritius


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     20 17 S, 57 33 E
Area:            1,860 sq km
Capital:         Port Louis
Population:      1,154,272 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.21% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Mauritian(s)
Languages:       English, Creole, French, Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bojpoori
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $10,300 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Mauritian rupees
Currency rate:   24.258

Contents


156. Mayotte


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     12 50 S, 45 10 E
Area:            375 sq km
Capital:         Mamoutzou
Population:      104,715 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.76% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Mahorais (singular and plural)
Languages:       Mahorian, French
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $600 (1993 est.)
Currency:        French francs
Currency rate:   5.620

Contents


157. Mexico


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Middle America
Coordinates:     23 00 N, 102 00 W
Area:            1,972,550 sq km
Capital:         Mexico
Population:      97,563,374 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.84% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Mexican(s)
Languages:       Spanish, Mayan dialects
Govt type:       Federal republic operating under a centralized government
GDP growth:      5.1% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $8,100 (1996 est.)
Currency:        New Mexican pesos
Currency rate:   9.900

Contents


158. Micronesia


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     6 55 N, 158 15 E
Area:            702 sq km
Capital:         Kolonia
Population:      127,616 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.33% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Micronesian(s)
Languages:       English, Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese
Govt type:       Constitutional government in free association with the US
GDP growth:      1.4% (1994 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,700 (1994 est.)
Currency:        United States dollars
Currency rate:   1.000

Contents


159. Midway Islands


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     28 13 N, 177 22 W
Area:            5.2 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


160. Moldova


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Eastern Europe
Coordinates:     47 00 N, 29 00 E
Area:            33,700 sq km
Capital:         Chisinau
Population:      4,457,206 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.02% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Moldovan(s)
Languages:       Moldovan, Russian
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      1.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,400 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Moldovan leu
Currency rate:   4.890

Contents


161. Monaco


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Western Europe
Coordinates:     43 44 N, 7 24 E
Area:            1.9 sq km
Capital:         Monaco
Population:      31,892 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.49% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Monegasque(s) or Monacan(s)
Languages:       French, English, Italian, Monegasque
Govt type:       Constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $25,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        French francs
Currency rate:   5.620

Contents


162. Mongolia


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Northern Asia
Coordinates:     46 00 N, 105 00 E
Area:            1.565 million sq km
Capital:         Ulaanbaatar
Population:      2,538,211 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.62% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Mongolian(s)
Languages:       Khalkha Mongol, Turkic, Russian, Chinese
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,060 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Tughrik
Currency rate:   857.000

Contents


163. Montserrat


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     16 45 N, 62 12 W
Area:            100 sq km
Capital:         Plymouth
Population:      12,800 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.23% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Montserratian(s)
Languages:       English
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      -2.9% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $4,360 (1995 est.)
Currency:        East Caribbean dollars
Currency rate:   2.700

Contents


164. Morocco


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Northern Africa
Coordinates:     32 00 N, 5 00 W
Area:            446,550 sq km
Capital:         Rabat
Population:      30,391,423 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.02% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Moroccan(s)
Languages:       Arabic, Berber dialects, French
Govt type:       Constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      9% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,260 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Moroccan dirhams
Currency rate:   9.297

Contents


165. Mozambique


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     18 15 S, 35 00 E
Area:            801,590 sq km
Capital:         Maputo
Population:      18,165,476 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.6% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Mozambican(s)
Languages:       Portuguese
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      3% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $670 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Meticals
Currency rate:   11855.000

Contents


166. Namibia


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     22 00 S, 17 00 E
Area:            825,418 sq km
Capital:         Windhoek
Population:      1,727,183 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.94% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Namibian(s)
Languages:       English, Afrikaans
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      1.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,700 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Namibian dollars
Currency rate:   5.850

Contents


167. Nauru


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     0 32 S, 166 55 E
Area:            21 sq km
Capital:         no official capital
Population:      10,390 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     Nauruan(s)
Languages:       Nauruan, English
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $10,000 (1993 est.)
Currency:        Australian dollars
Currency rate:   1.670

Contents


168. Navassa Island


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     18 25 N, 75 02 W
Area:            5.2 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


169. Nepal


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southern Asia
Coordinates:     28 00 N, 84 00 E
Area:            140,800 sq km
Capital:         Kathmandu
Population:      23,107,464 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.53% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Nepalese (singular and plural)
Languages:       Nepali
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      2.9% (FY95/96 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,200 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Nepalese rupees
Currency rate:   68.000

Contents


170. Netherlands


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Western Europe
Coordinates:     52 30 N, 5 45 E
Area:            37,330 sq km
Capital:         Amsterdam, The Hague
Population:      15,649,729 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.53% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women)
Languages:       Dutch
Govt type:       Constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      2.7% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $20,500 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Netherlands guilders
Currency rate:   1.890

Contents


171. Netherlands Antilles


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     12 15 N, 68 45 W
Area:            960 sq km
Capital:         Willemstad
Population:      211,093 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.99% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Netherlands Antillean(s)
Languages:       Dutch, Papiamento
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      0% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $9,800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Netherlands Antillean guilders
Currency rate:   1.790

Contents


172. New Caledonia


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     21 30 S, 165 30 E
Area:            19,060 sq km
Capital:         Noumea
Population:      191,003 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.68% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     New Caledonian(s)
Languages:       French, Melanesian-Polynesian dialects
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $8,000 (1995 est.)
Currency:        CFP francs
Currency rate:   102.180

Contents


173. New Zealand


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     41 00 S, 174 00 E
Area:            268,680 sq km
Capital:         Wellington
Population:      3,587,275 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.08% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     New Zealander(s)
Languages:       English, Maori
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      2.8% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $18,500 (1996 est.)
Currency:        New Zealand dollars
Currency rate:   1.980

Contents


174. Nicaragua


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Middle America
Coordinates:     13 00 N, 85 00 W
Area:            129,494 sq km
Capital:         Managua
Population:      4,386,399 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.6% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Nicaraguan(s)
Languages:       Spanish
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      5.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Gold cordoba
Currency rate:   10.909

Contents


175. Niger


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     16 00 N, 8 00 E
Area:            1.267 million sq km
Capital:         Niamey
Population:      9,388,859 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.98% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Nigerien(s)
Languages:       French, Hausa, Djerma
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $640 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Communaute Financiere Africaine francs
Currency rate:   562.000

Contents


176. Nigeria


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     10 00 N, 8 00 E
Area:            923,770 sq km
Capital:         Abuja
Population:      107,129,469 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.05% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Nigerian(s)
Languages:       English, Hausa, Yoruba, Ibo, Fulani
Govt type:       Military government
GDP growth:      3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,380 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Naira
Currency rate:   84.000

Contents


177. Niue


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     19 02 S, 169 52 W
Area:            260 sq km
Capital:         Alofi
Population:      1,708 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -3.65% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Niuean(s)
Languages:       Polynesian, English
Govt type:       Self-governing parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $1,200 (1993 est.)
Currency:        New Zealand dollars
Currency rate:   1.980

Contents


178. Norfolk Island


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     29 02 S, 167 57 E
Area:            34.6 sq km
Capital:         Kingston, Burnt Pine
Population:      2,194 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.68% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Norfolk Islander(s)
Languages:       English, Norfolk
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        Australian dollars
Currency rate:   1.670

Contents


179. Northern Mariana Islands


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     15 12 N, 145 45 E
Area:            477 sq km
Capital:         Saipan
Population:      53,552 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     English, Chamorro, Carolinian
Languages:       Commonwealth
Govt type:       Self-governing
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $10,500 (1994 est.)
Currency:        United States dollars
Currency rate:   1.000

Contents


180. Norway


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Northern Europe
Coordinates:     62 00 N, 10 00 E
Area:            324,220 sq km
Capital:         Oslo
Population:      4,399,993 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.47% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Norwegian(s)
Languages:       Norwegian
Govt type:       Constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      4.8% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $26,200 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Norwegian krones
Currency rate:   7.410

Contents


181. Oman


Region:          Middle East
Sub-region:      Middle East
Coordinates:     21 00 N, 57 00 E
Area:            212,460 sq km
Capital:         Muscat
Population:      2,264,590 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.49% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Omani(s)
Languages:       Arabic, English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
Govt type:       Monarchy
GDP growth:      6.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $9,500 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Omani rials
Currency rate:   0.384

Contents


182. Pacific Ocean


Region:          Other
Sub-region:      Body of water
Coordinates:     0 00 N, 160 00 W
Area:            165.384 million sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


183. Pakistan


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southern Asia
Coordinates:     30 00 N, 70 00 E
Area:            803,940 sq km
Capital:         Islamabad
Population:      132,185,299 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.22% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Pakistani(s)
Languages:       Punjabi, Sindhi, Siraiki, Pashtu
Govt type:       Federal republic
GDP growth:      5.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,300 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Pakistani rupees
Currency rate:   49.611

Contents


184. Palau


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     7 30 N, 134 30 E
Area:            458 sq km
Capital:         Koror
Population:      17,240 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.66% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Palauan(s)
Languages:       English, Sonsorolese
Govt type:       Constitutional government in free association with the US
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $5,000 (1994 est.)
Currency:        United States dollars
Currency rate:   1.000

Contents


185. Palmyra Atoll


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     5 52 N, 162 06 W
Area:            11.9 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


186. Panama


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Middle America
Coordinates:     9 00 N, 80 00 W
Area:            78,200 sq km
Capital:         Panama
Population:      2,693,417 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.58% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Panamanian(s)
Languages:       Spanish, English
Govt type:       Constitutional Republic
GDP growth:      1.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $5,300 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Balboas
Currency rate:   1.000

Contents


187. Papua New Guinea


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southeastern Asia
Coordinates:     6 00 S, 147 00 E
Area:            462,840 sq km
Capital:         Port Moresby
Population:      4,496,221 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.28% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Papua New Guinean(s)
Languages:       English, Motu
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      2.3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,400 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Kina
Currency rate:   2.240

Contents


188. Paracel Islands


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southeastern Asia
Coordinates:     16 30 N, 112 00 E
Area:            
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


189. Paraguay


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Central South America
Coordinates:     23 00 S, 58 00 W
Area:            406,750 sq km
Capital:         Asuncion
Population:      5,651,634 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.62% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Paraguayan(s)
Languages:       Spanish, Guarani
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      1.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,200 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Guranies
Currency rate:   2790.000

Contents


190. Peru


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Western South America
Coordinates:     10 00 S, 76 00 W
Area:            1,285,220 sq km
Capital:         Lima
Population:      25,573,924 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Peruvian(s)
Languages:       Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      2.8% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Nuevo sol
Currency rate:   3.020

Contents


191. Philippines


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southeastern Asia
Coordinates:     13 00 N, 122 00 E
Area:            300,000 sq km
Capital:         Manila
Population:      76,103,564 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.13% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Filipino(s)
Languages:       Pilipino, English
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      5.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,600 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Philippine pesos
Currency rate:   44.000

Contents


192. Pitcairn Islands


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     25 04 S, 130 06 W
Area:            47 sq km
Capital:         Adamstown
Population:      54 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.6% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Pitcairn Islander(s)
Languages:       English, Tahitian/English dialect
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        New Zealand dollars
Currency rate:   1.980

Contents


193. Poland


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Central Europe
Coordinates:     52 00 N, 20 00 E
Area:            312,683 sq km
Capital:         Warsaw
Population:      38,615,239 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Pole(s)
Languages:       Polish
Govt type:       Democratic state
GDP growth:      6% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $6,400 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Zlotys
Currency rate:   3.450

Contents


194. Portugal


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Southwestern Europe
Coordinates:     39 30 N, 8 00 W
Area:            92,391 sq km
Capital:         Lisbon
Population:      9,931,045 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.01% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Portuguese (singular and plural)
Languages:       Portuguese
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      2.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $12,400 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Portuguese escudos
Currency rate:   172.000

Contents


195. Puerto Rico


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     18 15 N, 66 30 W
Area:            9,104 sq km
Capital:         San Juan
Population:      3,828,506 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.93% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Puerto Rican(s) (US citizens)
Languages:       Spanish, English
Govt type:       Commonwealth
GDP growth:      3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $8,200 (1996 est.)
Currency:        US dollars
Currency rate:   1.000

Contents


196. Qatar


Region:          Middle East
Sub-region:      Middle East
Coordinates:     25 30 N, 51 15 E
Area:            11,437 sq km
Capital:         Doha
Population:      670,274 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     4.04% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Qatari(s)
Languages:       Arabic, English
Govt type:       Traditional Monarchy
GDP growth:      2.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $21,300 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Qatari riyals
Currency rate:   3.640

Contents


197. Reunion


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     21 06 S, 55 36 E
Area:            2,510 sq km
Capital:         Saint-Denis
Population:      692,204 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.87% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Reunionese (singular and plural)
Languages:       French, Creole
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      2.7% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $4,300 (1995 est.)
Currency:        French francs
Currency rate:   5.620

Contents


198. Romania


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Southeastern Europe
Coordinates:     46 00 N, 25 00 E
Area:            237,500 sq km
Capital:         Bucharest
Population:      22,463,077 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.28% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Romanian(s)
Languages:       Romanian, Hungarian, German
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      4.1% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $5,200 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Lei
Currency rate:   9069.000

Contents


199. Russia


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Northern Asia
Coordinates:     60 00 N, 100 00 E
Area:            17,075,200 sq km
Capital:         Moscow
Population:      147,305,569 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.29% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Russian(s)
Languages:       Russian
Govt type:       Federation
GDP growth:      -6% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $5,200 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Roubles
Currency rate:   15.000

Contents


200. Rwanda


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Central Africa
Coordinates:     2 00 S, 30 00 E
Area:            26,340 sq km
Capital:         Kigali
Population:      7,737,537 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     8.24% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Rwandan(s)
Languages:       Kinyarwanda, French
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $400 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Rwandan francs
Currency rate:   315.693

Contents


201. Saint Helena


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     15 56 S, 5 42 W
Area:            410 sq km
Capital:         Jamestown
Population:      7,036 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.78% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Saint Helenian(s)
Languages:       English
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        Saint Helenian pounds
Currency rate:   

Contents


202. Saint Kitts and Nevis


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     17 20 N, 62 45 W
Area:            269 sq km
Capital:         Basseterre
Population:      41,803 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.1% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Kittsian(s), Nevisian(s)
Languages:       English
Govt type:       Constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $5,700 (1996 est.)
Currency:        East Caribbean dollars
Currency rate:   2.700

Contents


203. Saint Lucia


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     13 53 N, 60 68 W
Area:            620 sq km
Capital:         Castries
Population:      150,630 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.14% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Saint Lucian(s)
Languages:       English, French patois
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      4.3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $4,400 (1996 est.)
Currency:        East Caribbean dollars
Currency rate:   2.700

Contents


204. Saint Pierre and Miquelon


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Northern North America
Coordinates:     46 50 N, 56 20 E
Area:            242 sq km
Capital:         Saint-Pierre
Population:      6,862 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.76% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)
Languages:       French
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $11,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        French francs
Currency rate:   5.620

Contents


205. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     13 15 N, 61 12 W
Area:            340 sq km
Capital:         Kingstown
Population:      119,092 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.62% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Saint Vincentian(s) or Vincentian(s)
Languages:       English, French
Govt type:       Constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,190 (1996 est.)
Currency:        East Caribbean dollars
Currency rate:   2.700

Contents


206. San Marino


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Southern Europe
Coordinates:     43 46 N, 12 25 E
Area:            60 sq km
Capital:         San Marino
Population:      24,714 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.76% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Sammarinese (singular and plural)
Languages:       Italian
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      4.8% (1994 est.)
GDP per capita:  $16,900 (1994 est.)
Currency:        Italian lire
Currency rate:   1665.000

Contents


207. Sao Tome and Principe


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     1 00 N, 7 00 E
Area:            960 sq km
Capital:         Sao Tome
Population:      147,865 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.54% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Sao Tomean(s)
Languages:       Portuguese
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      2.6% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,000 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Dobras
Currency rate:   6822.150

Contents


208. Saudi Arabia


Region:          Middle East
Sub-region:      Middle East
Coordinates:     25 00 N, 45 00 E
Area:            1,960,582 sq km
Capital:         Riyadh
Population:      20,087,965 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.42% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Saudi(s)
Languages:       Arabic
Govt type:       Monarchy
GDP growth:      6% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $10,600 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Saudi riyals
Currency rate:   3.750

Contents


209. Senegal


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     14 00 N, 14 00 W
Area:            196,190 sq km
Capital:         Dakar
Population:      9,403,546 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.35% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Senegalese (singular and plural)
Languages:       French, Wolof, Pulaar, Diola, Mandingo
Govt type:       Republic under multiparty democratic rule
GDP growth:      5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,700 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Communaute Financiere Africaine francs
Currency rate:   562.000

Contents


210. Serbia and Montenegro


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Southeastern Europe
Coordinates:     44 00 N, 21 00 E
Area:            102,350 sq km
Capital:         Belgrade
Population:      11,223,853 (July 1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.13% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Serb(s) and Montenegrin(s)
Languages:       Serbo-Croatian, Albanian
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      6% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,900 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Yugoslav New Dinars
Currency rate:   10.180

Contents


211. Seychelles


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Eastern Africa
Coordinates:     4 35 S, 55 40 E
Area:            455 sq km
Capital:         Victoria
Population:      78,107 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.7% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Seychellois (singular and plural)
Languages:       English, French, Creole
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      1.1% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $6,000 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Seychelles rupees
Currency rate:   5.161

Contents


212. Sierra Leone


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     8 30 N, 11 30 W
Area:            71,740 sq km
Capital:         Freetown
Population:      4,891,546 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.54% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Sierra Leonean(s)
Languages:       English, Mende
Govt type:       Constitutional democracy
GDP growth:      5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $980 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Leones
Currency rate:   1500.000

Contents


213. Singapore


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southeastern Asia
Coordinates:     1 22 N, 103 48 E
Area:            647.5 sq km
Capital:         Singapore
Population:      3,440,693 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.67% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Singaporean(s)
Languages:       Chinese, Malay, Tamil,
Govt type:       Republic within Commonwealth
GDP growth:      6.5% (1996)
GDP per capita:  $21,200 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Singapore dollars
Currency rate:   1.680

Contents


214. Slovakia


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Central Europe
Coordinates:     48 40 N, 19 30 E
Area:            48,845 sq km
Capital:         Bratislava
Population:      5,387,665 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.12% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Slovak(s)
Languages:       Slovak, Hungarian
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      7% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $8,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Slovak Koruna
Currency rate:   34.581

Contents


215. Slovenia


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Southeastern Europe
Coordinates:     46 00 N, 15 00 E
Area:            20,256 sq km
Capital:         Ljubljana
Population:      1,973,096 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.06% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Slovene(s)
Languages:       Slovenian, Serbo-Croatian
Govt type:       Emerging democracy
GDP growth:      3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $12,300 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Tolar
Currency rate:   155.000

Contents


216. Solomon Islands


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     8 00 S, 159 00 E
Area:            28,450 sq km
Capital:         Honiara
Population:      426,855 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.3% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Solomon Islander(s)
Languages:       Melanesian, English
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      4.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Solomon Islands dollars
Currency rate:   4.770

Contents


217. Somalia


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Eastern Africa
Coordinates:     10 00 N, 49 00 E
Area:            637,660 sq km
Capital:         Mogadishu
Population:      6,590,325 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.03% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Somali(s)
Languages:       Somali, Arabic, Italian, English
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      2% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $500 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Somali shillings
Currency rate:   7640.000

Contents


218. South Africa


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     29 00 S, 24 00 E
Area:            1,219,912 sq km
Capital:         Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), Bloemfontein (judicial)
Population:      42,327,458 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.51% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     South African(s)
Languages:       Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Pedi
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $5,400 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Rand
Currency rate:   5.850

Contents


219. South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Southern South America
Coordinates:     54 30 S, 37 00 W
Area:            4,066 sq km
Capital:         Grytviken on South Georgia is the garrison town
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


220. Spain


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Southwestern Europe
Coordinates:     40 00 N, 4 00 W
Area:            504,750 sq km
Capital:         Madrid
Population:      39,107,912 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.06% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Spaniard(s)
Languages:       Castilian Spanish, Catalan, Galician, Basque
Govt type:       Parliamentary monarchy
GDP growth:      2.4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $15,300 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Pesetas
Currency rate:   143.000

Contents


221. Spratly Islands


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southeastern Asia
Coordinates:     8 38 N, 111 55 E
Area:            less than 5 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


222. Sri Lanka


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southern Asia
Coordinates:     7 00 N, 81 00 E
Area:            65,610 sq km
Capital:         Colombo
Population:      18,721,178 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.14% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Sri Lankan(s)
Languages:       Sinhala, Tamil
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      3.7% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,760 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Sri Lankan rupees
Currency rate:   65.900

Contents


223. Sudan


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Northern Africa
Coordinates:     15 00 N, 30 00 E
Area:            2,505,810 sq km
Capital:         Khartoum
Population:      32,594,128 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.06% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Sudanese (singular and plural)
Languages:       Arabic, Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Nilotic
Govt type:       Transitional
GDP growth:      4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $860 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Sudanese pounds
Currency rate:   2175.000

Contents


224. Suriname


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Northern South America
Coordinates:     4 00 N, 56 00 W
Area:            163,270 sq km
Capital:         Paramaribo
Population:      424,569 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.83% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Surinamer(s)
Languages:       Dutch, English, Sranang Tongo
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      3% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,150 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Surinamese guilders
Currency rate:   396.000

Contents


225. Svalbard


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Northern Europe
Coordinates:     78 00 N, 20 00 E
Area:            62,049 sq km
Capital:         Longyearbyen
Population:      2,624 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -3.81% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Russian, Norwegian
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        Norwegian kroner
Currency rate:   7.410

Contents


226. Swaziland


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     26 30 S, 31 30 E
Area:            17,360 sq km
Capital:         Mbabane (administrative),  Lobamba (legislative)
Population:      1,031,600 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.24% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Swazi(s)
Languages:       English
Govt type:       Monarchy
GDP growth:      2.9% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Emalangeni
Currency rate:   5.850

Contents


227. Sweden


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Northern Europe
Coordinates:     62 00 N, 15 00 E
Area:            449,964 sq km
Capital:         Stockholm
Population:      8,865,051 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.23% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Swede(s)
Languages:       Swedish
Govt type:       Constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      1.4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $20,800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Swedish krona
Currency rate:   7.900

Contents


228. Switzerland


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Central Europe
Coordinates:     47 00 N, 8 00 E
Area:            41,290 sq km
Capital:         Bern
Population:      7,240,463 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.33% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Swiss (singular and plural)
Languages:       German, French, Italian, Romansch
Govt type:       Federal republic
GDP growth:      -0.75% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $22,600 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Swiss francs
Currency rate:   1.390

Contents


229. Syria


Region:          Middle East
Sub-region:      Middle East
Coordinates:     35 00 N, 38 00 E
Area:            185,180 sq km
Capital:         Damascus
Population:      16,137,899 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.3% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Syrian(s)
Languages:       Arabic, Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, French
Govt type:       Republic under military regime
GDP growth:      5.2% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $6,300 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Syrian pounds
Currency rate:   46.000

Contents


230. Taiwan


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Eastern Asia
Coordinates:     23 30 N, 121 00 E
Area:            35,980 sq km
Capital:         Taipei
Population:      21,699,776 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.95% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Chinese (singular and plural)
Languages:       Mandarin Chinese, Taiwanese, Hakka
Govt type:       Multiparty democratic regime
GDP growth:      5.7% (1996)
GDP per capita:  $14,700 (1996 est.)
Currency:        New Taiwan dollar
Currency rate:   

Contents


231. Tajikistan


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Central Asia
Coordinates:     39 00 N, 71 00 E
Area:            143,100 sq km
Capital:         Dushanbe
Population:      5,945,903 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.18% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Tajikistani(s)
Languages:       Tajik, Russian
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      -17% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $920 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Tajikistani rouble
Currency rate:   855.000

Contents


232. Tanzania


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Eastern Africa
Coordinates:     6 00 S, 35 00 E
Area:            945,090 sq km
Capital:         Dar es Salaam
Population:      29,460,753 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.6% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Tanzanian(s)
Languages:       Kiswahili or Swahili, Kiunguju
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      3.5% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $650 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Tanzanian shillings
Currency rate:   662.950

Contents


233. Thailand


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southeastern Asia
Coordinates:     15 00 N, 100 00 E
Area:            514,000 sq km
Capital:         Bangkok
Population:      59,450,818 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Thai (singular and plural)
Languages:       Thai, English
Govt type:       Constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      6.7% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $7,700 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Baht
Currency rate:   38.900

Contents


234. The Bahamas


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     24 15 N, 76 00 W
Area:            13,940 sq km
Capital:         Nassau
Population:      275,941 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.41% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Bahamian(s)
Languages:       English, Creole
Govt type:       Commonwealth
GDP growth:      2% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $18,700 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Bahamian dollars
Currency rate:   1.000

Contents


235. The Gambia


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     13 28 N, 16 34 W
Area:            11,300 sq km
Capital:         Banjul
Population:      1,248,085 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.48% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Gambian(s)
Languages:       English, Mandinka, Wolof, Fula
Govt type:       Republic under multiparty democratic rule
GDP growth:      2% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,100 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Dalasis
Currency rate:   10.620

Contents


236. Togo


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Western Africa
Coordinates:     8 00 N, 1 10 E
Area:            56,790 sq km
Capital:         Lome
Population:      4,735,610 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.54% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Togolese (singular and plural)
Languages:       French, Ewe and Mina
Govt type:       Republic under transition to multiparty democratic rule
GDP growth:      6% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $970 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Communaute Financiere Africaine francs
Currency rate:   562.000

Contents


237. Tokelau


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     9 00 S, 172 00 W
Area:            10 sq km
Capital:         Each atoll has its own administrative center
Population:      1,463 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -1.35% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Tokelauan(s)
Languages:       Tokelauan, English
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $1,000 (1993 est.)
Currency:        New Zealand dollars
Currency rate:   1.980

Contents


238. Tonga


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     20 00 S, 175 00 W
Area:            748 sq km
Capital:         Nuku'alofa
Population:      107,335 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.81% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Tongan(s)
Languages:       Tongan, English
Govt type:       Hereditary constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      -1.9% (FY95/96 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,140 (FY95/96 est.)
Currency:        Pa'anga
Currency rate:   1.500

Contents


239. Trinidad and Tobago


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     11 00 N, 61 00 W
Area:            5,130 sq km
Capital:         Port-of-Spain
Population:      1,130,337 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -1.18% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Trinidadian(s), Tobagonian(s)
Languages:       English, Hindi, French, Spanish
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      3.1% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $13,500 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Trinidad and Tobago dollars
Currency rate:   6.240

Contents


240. Tromelin Island


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     15 52 S, 54 25 E
Area:            1 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


241. Tunisia


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Northern Africa
Coordinates:     34 00 N, 9 00 E
Area:            163,610 sq km
Capital:         Tunis
Population:      9,245,284 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.48% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Tunisian(s)
Languages:       Arabic, French
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      7.1% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $4,800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Tunisian dinars
Currency rate:   1.081

Contents


242. Turkey


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southwestern Asia
Coordinates:     39 00 N, 35 00 E
Area:            780,580 sq km
Capital:         Ankara
Population:      63,528,225 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.64% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Turk(s)
Languages:       Turkish, Kurdish, Arabic
Govt type:       Republican Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      7% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $6,100 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Turkish lira
Currency rate:   275000.000

Contents


243. Turkmenistan


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Central Asia
Coordinates:     40 00 N, 60 00 E
Area:            488,100 sq km
Capital:         Ashgabat
Population:      4,229,249 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.61% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Turkmen(s)
Languages:       Turkmen, Russian, Uzbek
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      0.1% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,840 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Tukmen manat
Currency rate:   5200.000

Contents


244. Turks and Caicos Islands


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     21 45 N, 71 35 W
Area:            430 sq km
Capital:         Grand Turk
Population:      14,631 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.88% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     
Languages:       English
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      2% (1993 est.)
GDP per capita:  $6,400 (1993 est.)
Currency:        United States dollars
Currency rate:   1.000

Contents


245. Tuvalu


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     8 00 S, 178 00 E
Area:            26 sq km
Capital:         Funafuti
Population:      10,297 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.45% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Tuvaluan(s)
Languages:       Tuvaluan, English
Govt type:       Democracy
GDP growth:      8.7% (1995)
GDP per capita:  $800 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Australian dollars
Currency rate:   1.670

Contents


246. Uganda


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Eastern Africa
Coordinates:     1 00 N, 32 00 E
Area:            236,040 sq km
Capital:         Kampala
Population:      20,604,874 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.14% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Ugandan(s)
Languages:       English, Luganda, Swahili, Bantu, Nilotic
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      7.1% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $900 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Ugandan shillings
Currency rate:   1270.000

Contents


247. Ukraine


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Eastern Europe
Coordinates:     49 00 N, 32 00 E
Area:            603,700 sq km
Capital:         Kiev (Kyyiv)
Population:      50,447,719 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     -0.65% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Ukrainian(s)
Languages:       Ukrainian, Russian, Romanian, Polish, Hungarian
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      -10% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $3,170 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Hryvna
Currency rate:   4.000

Contents


248. United Arab Emirates


Region:          Middle East
Sub-region:      Middle East
Coordinates:     24 00 N, 54 00 E
Area:            82,880 sq km
Capital:         Abu Dhabi
Population:      2,262,309 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.79% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Emiri(s)
Languages:       Arabic, Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
Govt type:       Federation
GDP growth:      1.4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $23,800 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Emirian dirhams
Currency rate:   3.658

Contents


249. United Kingdom


Region:          Europe
Sub-region:      Western Europe
Coordinates:     54 00 N, 2 00 W
Area:            244,820 sq km
Capital:         London
Population:      57,591,677 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.24% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Briton(s), British (collective plural)
Languages:       English, Welsh, Scottish
Govt type:       Constitutional monarchy
GDP growth:      2.4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $20,400 (1996 est.)
Currency:        British pounds
Currency rate:   0.590

Contents


250. United States


Region:          America
Sub-region:      North America
Coordinates:     38 00 N, 97 00 W
Area:            9,629,091 sq km
Capital:         Washington, DC
Population:      267,954,764 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.89% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     American(s)
Languages:       English, Spanish
Govt type:       Federal republic
GDP growth:      2.4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $28,600 (1996 est.)
Currency:        United States dollars
Currency rate:   1.000

Contents


251. Uruguay


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Southern South America
Coordinates:     33 00 S, 56 00 W
Area:            176,220 sq km
Capital:         Montevideo
Population:      3,270,707 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.7% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Uruguayan(s)
Languages:       Spanish, Portunon, Brazilero
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      4.9% (1996)
GDP per capita:  $8,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Uruguayan peso 
Currency rate:   10.770

Contents


252. Uzbekistan


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Central Asia
Coordinates:     41 00 N, 64 00 E
Area:            447,400 sq km
Capital:         Tashkent (Toshkent)
Population:      23,467,724 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.35% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Uzbekistani(s)
Languages:       Uzbek, Russian, Tajik
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      1.6% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,430 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Uzbekistani som
Currency rate:   105.430

Contents


253. Vanuatu


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     16 00 S, 167 00 E
Area:            14,760 sq km
Capital:         Port-Vila
Population:      181,358 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.12% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Ni-Vanuatu (singular and plural)
Languages:       English, French
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      2% (1995)
GDP per capita:  $1,230 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Vatu
Currency rate:   129.240

Contents


254. Venezuela


Region:          America
Sub-region:      Northern South America
Coordinates:     8 00 N, 66 00 W
Area:            912,050 sq km
Capital:         Caracas
Population:      22,396,407 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.83% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Venezuelan(s)
Languages:       Spanish
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      -1.6% (1996)
GDP per capita:  $9,000 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Bolivares
Currency rate:   582.750

Contents


255. Vietnam


Region:          Asia
Sub-region:      Southeastern Asia
Coordinates:     16 00 N, 106 00 E
Area:            329,560 sq km
Capital:         Hanoi
Population:      75,123,880 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.51% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Vietnamese (singular and plural)
Languages:       Vietnamese, Chinese, English, French, Khmer
Govt type:       Communist state
GDP growth:      9.4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,470 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Dongs
Currency rate:   13858.000

Contents


256. Virgin Islands


Region:          Caribbean
Sub-region:      Caribbean
Coordinates:     18 20 N, 64 50 W
Area:            352 sq km
Capital:         Charlotte Amalie
Population:      97,240 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     0.18% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Virgin Islander(s)
Languages:       English, Spanish, Creole
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $12,500 (1987 est.)
Currency:        United States dollars
Currency rate:   1.000

Contents


257. Wake Island


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     19 17 N, 166 36 E
Area:            6.5 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      
Pop. growth:     
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


258. Wallis and Futuna


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     13 18 S, 176 12 W
Area:            274 sq km
Capital:         Mata-Utu (on Ile Uvea)
Population:      14,817 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.08% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Wallisian(s), Futunan(s), or Wallis and Futuna Islanders
Languages:       French, Wallisian
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  $2,000 (1995 est.)
Currency:        CFP francs
Currency rate:   102.180

Contents


259. West Bank


Region:          Middle East
Sub-region:      Middle East
Coordinates:     32 00 N, 35 15 E
Area:            5,860 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      1,495,683 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     4.32% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     
Languages:       Arabic, Hebrew, English
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      -1% to -2% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,600 (1996 est.)
Currency:        New Israeli shekels
Currency rate:   3.812

Contents


260. Western Sahara


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Northern Africa
Coordinates:     24 30 N, 13 00 W
Area:            266,000 sq km
Capital:         
Population:      228,138 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.43% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Sahrawi(s), Sahraoui(s)
Languages:       Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic
Govt type:       Legal status of territory and question of sovereignty unresolved
GDP growth:      
GDP per capita:  
Currency:        Moroccan dirhams
Currency rate:   9.297

Contents


261. Western Samoa


Region:          Oceania
Sub-region:      Oceania
Coordinates:     13 35 S, 172 20 W
Area:            2,860 sq km
Capital:         Apia
Population:      219,509 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.34% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Western Samoan(s)
Languages:       Samoan, English
Govt type:       Constitutional monarchy under native chief
GDP growth:      6.7% (1995 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,900 (1995 est.)
Currency:        Tala
Currency rate:   3.053

Contents


262. World


Region:          Other
Sub-region:      Solar System
Coordinates:     00 00 N, 00 00 W
Area:            510.072 million sq km
Capital:         
Population:      5,849,699,041 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.4% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     
Languages:       
Govt type:       
GDP growth:      3.6% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $6,200 (1996 est.)
Currency:        
Currency rate:   

Contents


263. Yemen


Region:          Middle East
Sub-region:      Middle East
Coordinates:     15 00 N, 48 00 E
Area:            527,970 sq km
Capital:         Sanaa
Population:      13,972,477 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     3.57% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Yemeni(s)
Languages:       Arabic
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      2.8% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,900 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Yemeni rials
Currency rate:   137.850

Contents


264. Zambia


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     15 00 S, 30 00 E
Area:            752,610 sq km
Capital:         Lusaka
Population:      9,349,975 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     2.02% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Zambian(s)
Languages:       English
Govt type:       Republic
GDP growth:      6.4% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $1,060 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Zambian kwacha
Currency rate:   1905.000

Contents


265. Zimbabwe


Region:          Africa
Sub-region:      Southern Africa
Coordinates:     20 00 S, 30 00 E
Area:            390,580 sq km
Capital:         Harare
Population:      11,423,175 (1997 est.)
Pop. growth:     1.26% (1997 est.)
Nationality:     Zimbabwean(s)
Languages:       English
Govt type:       Parliamentary democracy
GDP growth:      5.5% (1996 est.)
GDP per capita:  $2,340 (1996 est.)
Currency:        Zimbabwean dollars
Currency rate:   33.000